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Period 5 Grammar: Past Perfect tense You had already cleaned the blackboard before I entered the classroom. What happened first? A: You cleaned the blackboard.

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Presentation on theme: "Period 5 Grammar: Past Perfect tense You had already cleaned the blackboard before I entered the classroom. What happened first? A: You cleaned the blackboard."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Period 5 Grammar: Past Perfect tense

3 You had already cleaned the blackboard before I entered the classroom. What happened first? A: You cleaned the blackboard B: I entered the classroom

4 1.Millie ran back to school because she had left her magazine in the classroom. What happened first? a.Millie ran back to school. b.Millie left her magazine in the classroom. 2.Simon left school late because the football game had started late. What happened first? a.Simon left school late. b.The football game started late.

5 3.Daniel arrived out of breath --- he had gone to the wrong cinema. What happened first? a. Daniel arrived out of breath. b. Daniel went to the wrong cinema. 4.Amy had lost her purse and had to go to the police station. What happened first? a. Amy lost her purse. b. Amy went to the police station.

6 the Past Perfect tense Structure( ): Means: Actions happened before the past. before the past past now future had + pp

7 VerbPast perfect tenseVerbPast perfect tense acthelp beopen beginsee bringsing had acted had been had begun had brought had helped had opened had seen had sung

8 How to ask questions using the past perfect tense ? And answer ? e.g: 1. He had finished his homework. Had he finished his homework ? Yes, he had. / No, he hadnt. 2. They had lived here for many years. they (live) here for many years ?, they. /, they. Had lived Yes had No hadnt

9 Fill in the blanks 1. I ___________ (clean) the clothes before you came back. 2. She___________ (leave) already when you arrived. 3. ______they _____ (know) this before you told them? 4. We __________ (not tell) you before you knew it. 5. She came after we_________ (wait) for her for half an hour. had cleaned had left Had known hadnt told had waited

10 Translations 1.. The film when we the cinema. He all the lights before he. had already begun /started arrived at /got to /reached had turned off left

11 He said he had finished his homework. What happened first? A: He said B: He finished his homework.

12 Fill in the blanks 1. I said I (have) lunch already. 2. She told us she __________ (not be) to Beijing yet. 3. I wondered if they _______ (live) in Nanjing for three years. 4. Did you say I ______ (pass)the exam already? 5. He asked how many books I (read) already? had hadnt been had lived had passed had read

13 Translations: He he. I her I supper. said had already arrived toldhadnt had yet

14 1.We had already learned four units by yesterday. 2.We had lived here for 3 years by the end of last month. 1.by + past time 2.by the end of + past time

15 Fill in the blanks 1. We (learn) 3000 words by last term. 2. you (live) here for 20 years by 2004? 3. They (work) for 10 years by the end of last year. 4. I (teach) you for two years by the end of last term. had learned Had lived had worked had taught

16 Translations We 40 films They the USA ten times September. had already seenby had already been to by the end of

17 1 by + 2 by the end of + 3 before + 4 after when

18 Homework: Grammar (B C ) 3. P


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