2Background Public Journalism (or Citizen journalism) Form of journalism in which general citizens who are not professional journalists gather and report news or information.Roots began shortly after the 1988 Presidential Election Coverage in the media ended.Which is preferred, online news or traditional print/broadcast media?Has anyone heard of or used Ireport?Anyone actually posted on Ireport?
3Background Cont.Some journalists questioned the trust that exists between the media and the general public.Early Public Journalism involved a professional journalist gathering a group of citizens together for a discussion, that would then be turned into a story.Too Expensive
4Types of Citizen Journalism Audience Participation (User Comments, personal blogs, ect.)Independent News and Information (Consumer Reports, Drudge Reports)Full-Fledged Participatory Websites
5New Technology Creates New Journalism Medium The advancement of the internet within society brought about of new medium for news.Online News sites began to appear. (NandO.net, New York Times, MSNBC)NandO.net created in 1994 by North Carolina newspaper The News & Observer.
6New Technology Creates New Journalism Medium Cont. The internet brought about the opportunity for average citizens to report post their own “news.”BlogsChat RoomsMessage BoardsWikisMobile Computing
7First Citizen Journalism Websites OhMyNews:South Korean site created in 2000 by Oh Yeon Ho.First site to accept article from its readers.80% of site content is provided by ordinary citizens.Originally only offered written articles.
8AssociatedContent.com: Created in 2004 and known as the “People’s Media Company.”First public journalism website to actually pay for the content they received from users.Provided user submitted articles, video and pictures.WorldVoiceNews.com:Launched shortly after Associated Content.Claimed to be “Honest and Unfiltered.”Also paid for user content.
9IReportLaunched on August 2, 2006 by CNN to allow citizens to post breaking news in the form of pictures and video.In March 2008, CNN launched the official website for Ireport, ireport.com, after paying $750,000 for rights to the domains ireport.com and i-report.com.Domains purchased from Rick Schwartz, who had registered the domains in 1997.
10IReport Similar to YouTube. Allows contributors to network. Reported 102,423 IReports since the inception.915 IReports featured on CNN in the last month, according the ireports.com.
11Virginia Tech Massacre Ireport provided video of the shooting at Virginia Tech in April 2007 in the form of footage captured by VT graduate student Jamal Albarghouti.CNN paid an unknown amount for the footage.VideoAlbarghouti used a Nokia cell phone to capture the video.
12Minnesota Bridge Collapse Many of the early pictures and eyewitness reports for the bridge collapse in Minneapolis in August 2007 were submitted by Ireport users.Pictures
13Pros Cons Timely News First Person Perspective Any others? Lacking CredibilityLack of Journalistic IntegrityNew York Times
14CompetitorsIreport has lead to the creation of other citizen journalism related media created by other big name media companies.ABC – i-CaughtFox – uReportMSNBC – FirstPerson
15Traditional or Citizen Journalism Which Do You Prefer and Why?