Presentation on theme: "May 4, 2015 Remember: Step 1 of the EDP is to identify a need. 1) What was the need for rocket technology? Why not use jet airplanes instead? 2) What."— Presentation transcript:
May 4, 2015 Remember: Step 1 of the EDP is to identify a need. 1) What was the need for rocket technology? Why not use jet airplanes instead? 2) What was the need for the space shuttle program? Why not just continue using regular rockets? Remember: In step 2 of the EDP you build a prototype. 3) How was the V-2 rocket from 1943 (shown below) a prototype of the Saturn 5 rocket that took us to the moon? Bell Work SPI 0807.T/E.2 (Eng Des Process) US.88 (Space Race) V-2 Rocket (1943) Apply your engineering design process (EDP) knowledge to what you know our space exploration efforts.
Tennessee Science SPI Objective: (0807.T/E.2) Evaluate a protocol to determine if the engineering design process was successfully applied. Notes Science SPI 0807.T/E.2 Eng Design Process Tennessee US History Objective: (US.88) Describe President Kennedy’s…program to propel the United States to superiority in the Space Race Tennessee US History Objective: (US.73) Describe the competition between the two “superpowers” of the United States and the Soviet Union in the areas of arms development, economic dominance, and ideology…
Fact: USA and USSR (Russia) fought together against Nazi Germany during WWII. Space Race: USA vs. USSR Fact: USA and USSR both captured German rocket scientists and equipment in WWII. Fact: After WWW II, The US and USSR competed against each other with bigger/more powerful rockets V-1 Rocket V-2 Rocket
Space Race: USA vs. USSR Fact: The USSR (Russia) leaped ahead of the USA when they put the first satellite (Sputnik 1) in orbit in 1957. Sputnik 1 (1957) F.Y.I.: The name Sputnik means “traveling companion”
Space Race: USA vs. USSR Fact: The USSR (Russia) also put the first “astronaut” in space in 1957 on the Sputnik 2 satellite. F.Y.I.: This “astronaut” was a dog names Laika.
Space Race: USA vs. USSR F.Y.I.: The Russians called him a “cosmonaut” while the United States instead chose to use the word “astronaut” Fact: The USSR (Russia) maintained their lead when they put the first human in orbit (Yuri Gagarin) in 1961. Yuri Gagarin (First Man In Space)
Fact: President Kennedy (JFK) wanted to inspire the country to catch up and move ahead of the Russians. Fact: This lead to three NASA spaceflight projects (1) Project Mercury (2) Project Gemini (3) Project Apollo SPI 0807.T/E.2 (Eng Des Process) US.88 (Space Race) Science Notes So in 1961 he committed the USA to landing a man on the moon before 1970.
Project Mercury (1959-1963) This was the USA's first human spaceflight program It had two main goals Goal 01: put a human in orbit Goal 02: do this before the Soviet Union Project Mercury Atlas Rocket (1961) Goal 01: Achieved this goal in 1962 SPI 0807.T/E.2 (Eng Des Process) US.88 (Space Race) Science Notes Goal 02: Failed to do this for the Russians accomplished this first in 1961
Project Gemini (1962-1966) This was the USA's second human spaceflight program It had several goals Goal: practice linking up spaceships in orbit Goal: practice having astronauts work outside their spaceship while in orbit Goals: All goals were achieved by 1966 Gemini 6 and 7 (docking spacecraft) Project Gemini (extra-vehicular activity) SPI 0807.T/E.2 (Eng Des Process) US.88 (Space Race) Science Notes
Project Apollo (1968-1972) This was the USA's attempt to land astronauts on the moon. Astronaut Buzz Aldrin on the Moon (1969) Apollo 7 Liftoff (1968) More Success: US astronauts landed on the moon 6 times SPI 0807.T/E.2 (Eng Des Process) US.88 (Space Race) Science Notes Tragedy: The first mission, Apollo 1, was a failure. A fire in the command module killed the three astronauts on board Success: Apollo 11 mission-two astronauts landed on the moon
Project Apollo (1968-1972) More USA Success: US astronauts landed on the moon 6 times (Apollo 11, Apollo 12, Apollo 14, Apollo 15, Apollo 16, Apollo 17) USSR Failure: Sent an unmanned probe to the moon in 1959, but they never landed cosmonauts there Apollo 11 Mission (1969) SPI 0807.T/E.2 (Eng Des Process) US.88 (Space Race) Science Notes
Now we will watch a Brainpop video about the Apollo Project Click on this link and log in: Brainpop websiteBrainpop website Brainpop Video SPI 0807.T/E.2 (Eng Des Process) US.88 (Space Race) Science