2Louis XIIIHenry IV assassinated in 1610, son, Louis (XIII) took the throne at age 8Mother, Marie de Medici (intense Italian Catholic), and Cardinal Richelieu were regentsMarie and Richelieu disagreed on many things, leading to brief civil wars, power struggles, and Marie's eventual exile.Richelieu was pro-Catholic and very pro-France
3Louis XIVBecame king at age 5, mother (Anne of Austria) and Cardinal Mazarin were regentsDealt with rebellious nobles in the frondes1652—Louis (and Mazarin) put down the frondes1661—Mazarin died, Louis took over in realityBeginning of the Sun King
4VersaillesDesigned to show Louis’ greatness; the king was the heart of FranceElaborate decoration (Hall of Mirrors) and gardens (fountains, statues)Became the center of court life (no longer Paris)Louis made the nobles come to Versailles and instituted elaborate court rituals
5Absolutist PolicyAgenda mostly included making war and peace, the regulation of religion, and the oversight of economic activityNew nobility of lawyers and administrators—owed their titles to Louis, not family lineageLettre de cachet—could send anyone to prison for any reason, without trial1st and 2nd estates did not pay taxes, led to tax riotsoften conferred with councils and the regional judicial bodies called the parlementsFamine; freezing winter 1709
6Louis XIV and Religion Repression of Jansenists 1685—revoked the Edict of NantesProtestant pastors had 15 days to leave the country; many Huguenots left in response—economic loss for France“One King, one law, one faith.”Why did Louis XIV oppose religious toleration? What connection did he make between religious unity and political unity?
7Louis XV Grandson to XIV (age 5 at ascension in 1715) Had regents until 1726Seen as lazy and frivolousSpent $ on court life and wars, increased the national debtMississippi Bubble disaster—currency doubtedAttempts at tax reform were squashed by nobles (who hadn’t been paying taxes for a long time, and had become generally lulled by the court of Louis XIV)Renewed the authority of the parlements…mistake??