Presentation on theme: "The Pros and Cons of Imperialism At the Turn of the 20th Century"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Pros and Cons of Imperialism At the Turn of the 20th Century US History IUnit 2
2 Reasons for the US to Expand Overseas: The US needed to continue its frontier experience overseasContinental frontier was not longer adequate for the population.US needed “elbow room”
3 Reasons for (continued) US belief in cultural superiorityRace, values, religion, and economicsGoal was to civilize the worldHelping “lesser peoples”**Ethnocentrism**
4 Reasons for (continued) Imperialism was the product of strains in US society due to industrializationIncrease in productivity=need for new markets to expand intoUS needs more natural resources
5 Reasons for (continued) Social Darwinism was a prominent beliefPeople believed that “survival of the fittest” applied to people AND nations
6 Anti-Imperialism Arguments Goes against beliefs of Christianity to force people to “follow suit” (most Americans were Christians at this time)Imperialism is undemocraticUS does not have the military capabilities to protect an overseas empire
7 Anti-Imperialism (continued) Stay out of European affairsUse the two oceans to protect usStay isolatedImperialism= tyrannyUS was a colony of Great Britain once
8 Anti-Imperialism (continued) There is no need to expand overseasUS is a vast nationPlenty of natural resourcesPlenty of markets for goods
9 Discussion QuestionsHow do the justifications for imperialism have their roots in the Progressive Movement?…in the Industrial Revolution?
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