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A Brief History of Christianity. Roots of Christianity in Judaism ~ AD 6 Augustus took over Judah – renamed it Judea (it is the mountainous southern part.

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Presentation on theme: "A Brief History of Christianity. Roots of Christianity in Judaism ~ AD 6 Augustus took over Judah – renamed it Judea (it is the mountainous southern part."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Brief History of Christianity

2 Roots of Christianity in Judaism ~ AD 6 Augustus took over Judah – renamed it Judea (it is the mountainous southern part of Palestine) ~ AD 6 Augustus took over Judah – renamed it Judea (it is the mountainous southern part of Palestine)

3 Jews were allowed to practice their religion but were treated cruelly by Romans Jews were allowed to practice their religion but were treated cruelly by Romans Many Jews hoped for a savior (called a messiah / one anointed by God) to restore Jewish independence Many Jews hoped for a savior (called a messiah / one anointed by God) to restore Jewish independence One Jew – Jesus – traveled though Judea from AD 30–33 saying that Gods rule was close at hand & people should repent for their sins One Jew – Jesus – traveled though Judea from AD 30–33 saying that Gods rule was close at hand & people should repent for their sins Some Jews thought Jesus was the messiah Some Jews thought Jesus was the messiah Roots of Christianity in Judaism

4 Because the Jews in Judea disagreed about Jesus messiah status, there was much internal Jewish conflict Because the Jews in Judea disagreed about Jesus messiah status, there was much internal Jewish conflict The Romans were afraid that this conflict would de-stabilize Judea – thus they arrested Jesus as a political rebel The Romans were afraid that this conflict would de-stabilize Judea – thus they arrested Jesus as a political rebel Jesus was crucified – the typical Roman method of punishing criminals Jesus was crucified – the typical Roman method of punishing criminals Roots of Christianity in Judaism

5 What was crucifixion? Religious depictions usually show Jesus supported by nails through the palms, but the flesh cannot support ones body weight – perhaps his wrists were tied to the cross?

6 A method of execution – very painful and gruesome – nails inserted into feet & above wrists between radius and ulna A method of execution – very painful and gruesome – nails inserted into feet & above wrists between radius and ulna Death possibly came through asphyxiation – victim would have trouble exhaling while holding himself up (particularly after his legs were broken) Death possibly came through asphyxiation – victim would have trouble exhaling while holding himself up (particularly after his legs were broken) Other possible causes of death: whipping (loss of blood), dehydration, exhaustion Other possible causes of death: whipping (loss of blood), dehydration, exhaustion What was crucifixion?

7 Some of Jesus followers said that he had risen from the dead & appeared to them Some of Jesus followers said that he had risen from the dead & appeared to them Those who believed became known as Christians because the word messiah translated into Greek is Khristos Those who believed became known as Christians because the word messiah translated into Greek is Khristos People like Paul and Peter helped spread the Christian message throughout the Mediterranean region People like Paul and Peter helped spread the Christian message throughout the Mediterranean region What happened next?

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9 Monotheistic Christians refused to honor the Roman emperor as a god Monotheistic Christians refused to honor the Roman emperor as a god Some Christians refused to provide military service – this led to charges of treason Some Christians refused to provide military service – this led to charges of treason Some Romans also feared the wrath of their own deities because of the rejection of those deities by Christians Some Romans also feared the wrath of their own deities because of the rejection of those deities by Christians As a result, Romans killed some Christian martyrs who would not give up their beliefs As a result, Romans killed some Christian martyrs who would not give up their beliefs Why were Christians persecuted?

10 In AD 312 the Roman general Constantine had a vision of a flaming cross in the sky before a battle In AD 312 the Roman general Constantine had a vision of a flaming cross in the sky before a battle How does the story end? Christianity spread – especially in cities Christianity spread – especially in cities

11 Constantine had the soldiers paint crosses on their shields and when they won, he attributed his victory to the Christian God Constantine had the soldiers paint crosses on their shields and when they won, he attributed his victory to the Christian God When Constantine became emperor of Rome, he issued the Edict of Milan, granting freedom of worship to all religious groups When Constantine became emperor of Rome, he issued the Edict of Milan, granting freedom of worship to all religious groups 80 years later (AD 392), Emperor Theodosius made Christianity the official religion of the Empire and banned older religions 80 years later (AD 392), Emperor Theodosius made Christianity the official religion of the Empire and banned older religions How does the story end?


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