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THE MOUNTAIN MEN.

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Presentation on theme: "THE MOUNTAIN MEN."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE MOUNTAIN MEN

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3 MOUNTAIN MEN Prime period 1820-1840 Only about 200-300 a year
Lured by the west Opportunity to make money

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5 CHARACTERISTICS OF A MOUNTAIN MAN
Illiterate Uneducated Primitive Relatively young Reckless Adventuresome In need of money

6 Conglomerate group (France, GB, Canada, America and Mexico)
Canibalized --used up resources However, some had college degrees and were very refined

7 DESCRIPTION OF MT MEN Many were very large-Natives looked at them with awe and superstition Eventually occupation developed lifestyle, conduct and habits, a culture of their own Harsh language Smelly and dirty They never laundered their buckskin suit and seldom removed it (Just to put it on an ant pile)

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11 DESCRIPTION Many mountain men were more savage than Natives
Little concern for family or comforts Not materialistic Traveled with a rifle,skinning knife, horse, traps and utensils

12 Beaver Skin Hats

13 DESCRIPTION Ate well at times and poorly at others
Cut off horses tail and ears to make stew Tapped into horses veins Ate moccasins, ants, black crickets, deer excrement soup, bark and berries Explored trails & helped name the west Traders gave Indians the whiskey trade, small pox, diphtheria and cholera Trapped themselves out of business by the 1840’s

14 TRAPPERS Trappers were divided into three categories Free trapper-Unaffiliated, unfettered, most colorful and romantic Company trapper-Affiliated with a company Fur trader-Did not trap, but traded with Indians (The whiskey trade was his bonanza)

15 Where trappers sold pelts
Either in Taos, New Mexico Caravan that brought supplies to annual “rendezvous”

16 Taos A wild city, north of Santa Fe Trail Pelts were sold
Supplies purchased Gambling, whiskey, women

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18 Tarantula Juice, Red Eye, and Coffin Varnish
Taos Lightning, a potent brew made by mountain men near Taos since 1825, using a wheat base and such legendary ingredients as pepper, tobacco and gun powder Tarantula Juice, Red Eye, and Coffin Varnish

19 Rendezvous Different location each year in Wyoming or Utah
Fur companies brought boats and wagons filled with supplies Weeklong party, dancing, story telling, trading Mountain men left penniless

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21 MOUNTAIN MEN 1840’s saw the end of the Mountain Men
Silk hats had replaced the beaver skin hat so there was no longer a market The rendezvous had been replaced by the trading post

22 Legacy of Mountain Men Discovered trail & passes Established relations with Native Americans Established trade Routes and trails west

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24 TRADE Santa Fe Trail was in its prime from 1820-1870
Preceded the Oregon Trail, the 49ers and the 59ers Manufactured goods from the east sent west for pelts, blankets and whiskey Tough trip because of long stretches without contact with civilization, natural barriers and Indian problems

25 BENT’S FORT Charles (25 and a West Point graduate) and William (15) headed west to find their future To enter the fur trading business- carried trinkets to help trade Located along the Arkansas River (wood and water available) Established a good relationship with Indians, purchased pelts

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29 BENT’S FORT 1833-Chose a site on the Arkansas River
Ceran St. Vrain suggested the Spanish style Chose the high ground Adobe instead of wood because: Wood was scarce Did not burn Warm in the winter and cool in the summer

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33 BELLTOWER

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35 NORTHEAST BASTION

36 SOUTHWEST BASTION

37 ARKANSAS RIVER FROM SW BASTION

38 BENT’S FORT Tried to provide eastern culture (White tablecloths, imported china and a wine cellar) Permanent employees-Blacksmiths, carpenters, gunsmiths and hunters Six different languages spoken-French, Spanish, German, English, Comanche and Arapaho Called “a perfect babel of a place”

39 BILLIARD ROOM

40 PRIVATE QUARTERS

41 TRAPPERS QUARTERS

42 ST VRAINS QUARTERS

43 BENT’S FORT Famous people-Son of Sacajawea and Kit Carson
William Bent married a Cheyenne woman-Good relations with Indians US annexed Texas in 1845 –Mexicans viewed this as an act of war Bent’s Fort was used as an advance base and rendezvous for General Kearney (1650 troops); because of this trade stopped

44 BENT’S FORT Charles Bent had been appointed governor of newly annexed New Mexico He was killed by the Mexicans and the Pueblo Indians St Vrain sold his interest in the fort to William Army wanted to buy it from him The fort was burned to the ground Did not like the price Possibly cholera Built a second fort 38 miles away

45 OTHER TRADING POSTS Ft Robidoux Ft Davy Crockett (nw colorado)
Ft Lupton (S. Platte) Ft St. Vrain Forts died out Indian trade fell Silk Hats Buffalo robes were plentiful

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47 FIRST SETTLEMENTS First settlements began during this time period
The San Luis Valley is the first permanent settlement Pueblo (“town”) was established because of trapping and trading Christmas Day Massacre in 1854 ended the first period of Pueblo history Hardscrabble-30 miles west of Pueblo-Did good in the wet years but was doomed by the dry years


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