Presentation on theme: "A Very Brief Overview of the Three Main Branches of Christianity"— Presentation transcript:
1A Very Brief Overview of the Three Main Branches of Christianity Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox, Protestantism
2Catholicism Also called Roman Catholicism Dates from the 1st century CEOrganized by diocese, each headed by a bishopAll report to bishop of Rome (Pope), tradition holds St. Peter was the firstMajor challenges to the Church came in 16th century with the rise of Protestantism.Catholic response was to correct abuses and reaffirm teachings / doctrines (i.e. the Council of Trent)
3Catholic Beliefs good works + faith = salvation seven sacraments (vital to salvation)Eucharist (Communion)—real presence of Christ entered through transubstantiationChurch is essential to the mediation of God's love and grace to the worldPriests cannot marryBelief in the TrinityPurgatoryRitual / tradition in services
4Eastern OrthodoxSplit from the Western (Roman) Church in 1054, when the pope and the patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each other.Today, approximately 150 million to 200 million followers of the Eastern Orthodox Church.Balkans, the eastern Mediterranean, and Russia, and there is a growing population in the United States.
5Orthodox Beliefs Seven sacraments Bishops must be unmarried or widowed.Priests and deacons are generally married men.Four ancient patriarchates of the church:Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey),Alexandria (Egypt),Antioch (Damascus, Syria),JerusalemPlus 11 others around the worldEach of the churches is governed by a bishop, known as a patriarch, archbishop, or metropolitan.Although the four ancient patriarchates (esp. Constantinople) are regarded as the highest, they are all officially treated as having equal weight in the church.
6ProtestantismUmbrella term for traditions that came about after the Reformation (1517 = Martin Luther)Widespread due to printing press, desire to return Catholic Church to its purer waysLuther was concerned with papal authority, indulgences, and the Church’s teaching on salvationMany denominations, many differences!!
7Protestant BeliefsJustification (salvation) by grace (obtained through faith in Christ) alone, not works (sola fide)Bible = truth. Church not needed to interpret it“Priesthood of all believers” means all people have access to God, not just clergyServices stress Biblical preachingGenerally, reject clerical celibacy (exceptions, i.e. Shakers)