2Ancestor WorshipChinese culture, Confucianism, and Chinese Buddhism all value filial piety as a top virtue, and the act is a continued display of piety and respect towards departed ancestors.The two major festivals involving ancestor veneration are the Qingming Festival and the Double Ninth Festival, but veneration of ancestors is conducted in many other ceremonies, including weddings, funerals, and triad initiations.Worshipers generally offer prayers and food for the ancestors, light incense and candles, and burn offerings of joss paper. These activities are typically conducted at the site of ancestral graves or tombs, at an ancestral temple, or at a household shrine.
4Buddhism佛教, FajiaoIt was introduced in South Asia and Central Asia during the Han Dynasty.Can be incorporated into Confucianism, Daoism, and ancestor worship.Most people believe in the eightfold paths and precepts.They believe in reincarnationIt differs from rebirthIf a person detaches themselves from desires and the self, they reach nirvana after so many cycles.
5BuddhismTheravada Buddhism (Southern Buddhism) It is the dominant school of Buddhism. I was established by monarchies.Mahayana Buddhism (Northern Buddhism) China, Japan, Korea, Tibet and Mongolia.Vajrayāna Buddhism (Tantric Buddhism, Mantrayana, Tantrayana, Esoteric Buddhism, or True Words Sect). Some see it as part of Mahayana Buddism or some see is as the Third Buddhist path.Tibetan Buddhis This developed to separate themselves from the Theravada and Mahayana forms of Buddhism.Zen Buddhism It developed in the schooling of Mahayana Buddhism.
6Buddhism Eightfold Path Know The Truth Resist Evil Say Nothing To Hurt OthersRespect LifeWork For The Good Of OthersFree Your Mind Of EvilControl Your ThoughtsPractice MeditationPreceptsRefrain From Taking LifeRefrain From Taking Which Is Not GivenRefrain From Sensual MisconductRefrain From Lying
7Mahayana Buddhism (Great Vehicle) It is one of the most common branches in Buddhism used today.They claim to be founded by the BuddhaEvidence shows that it originated in South India from concepts regarding Hinduism which was translated into Chinese.The countries that practice this today are China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.Sutra- The scriptures are the oral teachings of Gautama Buddha.Mahayana Buddhism – Corresponds to the Pali Canon.Pali Canon – Basic teachings such as the Fourth Noble Truths and Eightfold Path.
8Mahayana School Promises salvation to those who seek it. Bodhisattva Ideal – to liberate all beings from sufferingWorldly Bodhisattva – is someone who skips nirvana and remains on earth by reincarnation to help those seeking enlightenment and salvation.Two schoolingsMadhyamika represents the middle view, the middle road, the path of relativity over extremes (e.g., extremes like existence vs. nonexistence, self vs. non-self)Yogacara School emphasizes yoga -- the practice of meditation
10ConfucianismHistoryDeveloped from the teachings of Confucius, a Chinese philosopherHe tried to spread his ideas to emperors throughout China.Since second century B.C.E. it has strongly impacted Chinese culture.
11Confucianism “The School of the Scholars” Human morality and good deeds.China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Singapore, and Vietnam5-6 million followersPhilosophy of lifeScripturesThe Confucian Analects: Bible of Confucianism. Conversations between Teacher and disciples.Lun Yu, and Meng Tzu: Philosophy of Mencius. It gives advice to ruler of feudal states.Ta-Hsueh: Great LearningChung Yung: Doctrine of the Mean. General principles that concern the nature of mean and right conduct .
12Confucianism Six Values Li: Includes rituals, propriety, etiquette, ect.Hsiao: Love within the familyYi: RighteousnessXin: Honestly and trustworthinessJen: Benevolence, humaneness towards others (the highest virtue)Chung: Loyalty to the state
14Taoism History Started with many different sects: Heavenly or Celestial Masters: Faith healing through confessionSupreme Peace: Launched a revolutionMount Mao: Introduced performing ritualsMarvelous Treasure: Introduced worshiping divinitiesCompletely Real: Founded Taoist monastic movementEmperor Li Lung- Chi created a Taoist state in which capital punishment was abolished and animals would be treated humanly
15Taoism Is a philosophy and a religion Tao means path and way and is seen as the force behind natural order.Polytheistic and also includes nature and ancestor spiritsScriptureDaozang- Treasury of Tao(Three Parts)Zhen- real, truthXuan- mysteryShen- divine
16Taoism Beliefs Practices Wu wei - non-action, effortless doing P’u- SimplicityMan is microcosm to the universe- meaning that the body ties into the 5 Chinese elementsThree JewelsCi – kindnessJian – simplicityBugan wei tianxia xian - “not dare to be first in the world”- modestyPracticesBai bai- bowing to an altar with incense on dates on the lunar calendarOn certain dates making sacrifices to the gods including killing animals or burning imagesOn holidays parades are popularPractice the art of fortune telling and astrologyMany martial arts practice are part of Taoism
17Taoism Symbols Taijitu- is the yin and yang symbol Bagua- eight trig rams5 elementsWoodFireMetalWaterEarth