Presentation on theme: "Julie, Hillary, Alex, Lisa"— Presentation transcript:
1 Julie, Hillary, Alex, Lisa RastafarianismJulie, Hillary, Alex, Lisa
2 What is it?Movement of black people who know Africa as the birthplace of all mankindRastafari wants all people to know that we are Africans and to develop pride and integrity in ourselvesAbout 1 million followers worldwide
3 History Began in Ethiopia in 1930 Based on the teaching of Jamaican black nationalist Marcus GarveyConsidered the 2nd John the BaptistTaught the Africans are the true Israelites and have been exiled to Jamaica and other parts of the world as divine punishmentFounder of “back-to-Africa” movementNamed for Emperor Haile Selassie I of EthiopiaName means “might of trinity”Followers believed Selassie to be the “personification of God”Died August 27, 1975His divinity did not die with himRas Tafari lives on through individual Rastafarians
4 History Leonard Howell– One of the early leaders Six principles Doctrines helped shape theology, arrest helped shape organizational structureArrested in 1933 for preaching a revolutionarydoctrineHarassment of Howell by the police might be why Rastafarians have decided to remain leaderlessSix principlesHatred for the White raceThe complete superiority of the Black raceRevenge on Whites for their wickednessThe negation, persecution, and humiliation of the government and legal bodies of JamaicaPreparation to go back to AfricaAcknowledging Emperor Haile Selassie as the supreme being and only ruler of the Black people
5 Lifestyle Live peaceful lives Do not need material possessions Devote time to contemplating the scriptures
6 Beliefs Avoid materialistic white culture God is referred to as “Jah” They call it “Babylon”God is referred to as “Jah”Believe in AvatarsHeile Selassie was the last incarnation of God after Moses, the Hebrew Prophet Elija, and JesusAvoid meat, coffee, salt, tobacco, alcohol and seafoodUse the 10 Commandments as a Code of Conduct
7 Modern Rastafarian Beliefs In 1973 Joseph Owens published a more modern approach to Rastafari beliefs.In 1991 Michael N. Jagessar revised Owens's ideasThe key ideas in contemporary Rastafari are:The humanity of God and the divinity of manGod is found within every man1 and 1It is very important to see all historical facts in the context of God's judgment and workings.Salvation for Rastafarians is an earthly idea, rather than heavenly.
8 Modern Beliefs Cont. The supremacy of life Human nature is very important to Rastafarians and they should preserve and protect it.Respect for natureThis idea refers to the importance and respect Rastafarians have for animals and the environment, as mirrored in their food laws.The power of speechEvil is corporateJudgment is nearThe priesthood of RastafariansRastafarians are the chosen people of God and are on earth to promote his power and peacefulness.
9 The Church There is no clergy Believes are autonomousThere is no church building, followers worship in small groups in homesThey gather around a chalice containing ganga
10 Traditions and Symbols DreadlocksThe biblical Nazarene vow prohibits shaving and combing hairThe locks symbolize the roots of man and his link with spiritualityStar of DavidThe Conquering Lion and the Lamb
11 Traditions and Symbols Cont. Rasta FlagRed is for the blood of those killed for the cause of the black community, or just bloodGreen is for grass and represents Jamaica’s vegetation and hope for the eradication of oppressionGold is for wealth
12 Traditions and Symbols Continued GangaAka hemp, marijuanaUsed as a holy sacramentLegend says that this herb was found growing on King Soloman’s grave“Thou shalt eat the herb of the field” (Genesis 3:18)“eat every herb of the land” (Exodus 10:12)They smoke ganga to meditate and for its curative properties
13 TextsThe Rastafarianism’s main text is known as the Holy Piby or the “Black Man’s Bible”Version of the Christian Bible that has been altered to remove all directions believed to have been made by white leaders during its translation to English.Another text is the Ethiopian epic the Kebra Negast
14 Holidays November 2nd- the coronation of Selassie January 6th- ceremonial birthday of SelassieApril 21st- Selassie’s visit to JamaicaJuly 23rd- Selassie’s personal birthdayAugust 1st- emancipation from slaveryAugust 17th- Marcus Garvey’s birthday
15 SectsThere are three main sects which all agree on basic principles of the divine status of Selassie and the importance of black images of divinityNyahbinghi OrderNamed for Queen Nyahbinghi of Uganda & is the oldest of the ordersBobo ShantiFounded by Prince Emanuel Charles Edwards“Bobo” means black and “Shanti” refers to the ashanti tribe in GhanaTwelve Tribes of IsraelMost liberal sect and members are free to worship in a church of their own choosing.Member of one of the 12 tribes determined by birth month.
16 Bob Marley A prophet of Rastafarianism Reggae artist Influenced by Peter Tosh who was his teacher/mentor
17 Peter Tosh Taught Bob Marley everything he knew He was a saint in the sense that he had a purposeHe liberated Jamaicans mentally and physically
18 Rumors about Rastafarianism One rumor is that the religion is simply an excuse to smoke marijuana.This is very far from the reality of the religion.They view Ganja as a sacrament allowing a direct experience of God.Another rumor is that Rasta is racist and anti-white,This is unfortunately true in some cases.Most have rejected the notion that the white man is evil, and instead disagree with materialism associated with whites.
19 SourcesAbout.com. Alternative Religions. 29 April nism.htmBBC. Religion and Ethics. 29 April < fs/beliefs_2.shtml>Ras Charles and French Dred. An Introduction to Rastafari. 20 April arism.htmlWebUtopia.Org. Culture of Rastafarianism. 20 April rastafarimsCocunutChange.com. Rastafarism. 20 April phd?id=160§i on_id=