2 Part I: Part II: Grammar: Verb Tenses Simple Present Simple Past Present ProgressivePresent PerfectIrregular VerbsPart II:Reading StrategiesSkimmingScanningPost reading QuestionsListening StrategiesExpressions signaling the TopicNote taking StrategiesWriting Key words
3 VERB TENSES Simple Present I work everyday Simple Past ExampleSimple PresentI work everydaySimple PastI worked last SundaySimple FutureI am going to work on FridayI will work on FridayPresent ProgressiveI am working right nowPresent PerfectI have worked here beforePresent Perfect ProgressiveI have been working for 6 hours
4 Verb Forms Work Worked Working Play Played Playing Eat Ate Eating Base (present)PastPresent participlePast ParticipleWorkWorkedWorkingPlayPlayedPlayingEatAteEatingEaten
5 Simple PresentThe present tense is used for action happening at the time of speaking or writing: She lives in Toronto.It is used to indicate habitual actions: I exercise every morning.It is also used to express general truths (Time flies) and scientific knowledge (Light travels faster than sound)
6 Base form of verb I work everyday. You drive to school on Mondays. Maria goes to church on Sundays.The family lives on Elm street.The sky is blue.
7 Simple PastShowing action that happened in the past and which does not extend into the present.The simple past tense of a regular verb is created by adding ‘ed’, ‘d’.Irregular verbs have a variety of endings.Verbs_List.htm
8 Present Progressive 1. Now To express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment.Examples:I am sitting.I am not standing.Is he sitting or standing?2. Longer Actions in Progress NowIn English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Sometimes, we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress;I am studying to become a doctor.“be verb” + Base + ing
9 Present PerfectExpresses an action that began in the past and which has recently been completed or continues into the present.
10 Present PerfectThe present perfect is formed by combining has or have with a past participle.I have read the bookShe has studied for her examThe dog has eaten the cake
11 Past Participle of Irregular Verbs Commonly used English irregular verbs practice:
12 Simple Past/Present Perfect Sometimes the simple past and the present perfect can be confusing. It is important to remember that the past simple is used to express a finished past action which occurs at a specific moment in the past.I saw Batman last Tuesday.The present perfect is used to express something that happened at an unspecified moment in the past.I have seen Batman.Note that the moment in time is specific in the past formI visited Paris in 2004 (or a few years ago).Present Perfect: I've been to Paris. I've visited Paris.
13 Present Perfect Progressive (have/has been) + the present participle of the verbI have been living in California for 20 yearsShe has been studying all weekendRemember that the Present Perfect Continous has the meaning of "lately" or "recently."
15 Simple Past, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Progressive Use the simple past to talk about things that happened and were completed in the past.Use the present perfect and the present perfect progressive to talk about things that started in the past, but were not completed.We often use the present perfect and the present perfect progressive with for and since. Use for to show how long something has been true and since to show when something started.Use the simple past with past time expressions. (ago, last year)The present perfect without for or since shows that an activity is finished. We often say how many or how many times with this use of the present perfect.
16 Test your Knowledgehilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_statements.htm hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_statements2.htm progressive/form/exercises?form continuous_quiz.htm
18 Part II. Reading Strategies. Skimming. Scanning. Post reading Part II Reading Strategies Skimming Scanning Post reading Listening Strategies Expressions signaling the Topic Note taking Strategies Writing Key words
19 When we read a paragraph, a passage, a story, an essay or article, we basically: Identify the main idea of a passageRead a passage for specific details/factsUnderstand meaning of words in contextUnderstand the sequence of eventsIdentify the author’s purpose/conclusion for writing the passageMake inferences based on the facts presented in a passage
20 Reading Exercise The Travel Bug Man Injured at Fast Food Place Man Injured at Fast Food PlaceA. Comprehension Questions:B. Story: