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College Students Mental Health u there? Here. can we talk? Sure. Whats Up? Yea I have a ton of HUGE tests this week. …i cant stand my life anymore… i.

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Presentation on theme: "College Students Mental Health u there? Here. can we talk? Sure. Whats Up? Yea I have a ton of HUGE tests this week. …i cant stand my life anymore… i."— Presentation transcript:

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2 College Students Mental Health

3 u there? Here. can we talk? Sure. Whats Up? Yea I have a ton of HUGE tests this week. …i cant stand my life anymore… i never go to class, i feel like i cant keep up…I am so outta control… yea… i just need to go c my shrink again. I stopped taking my xanex two weeks ago, and i am really worried about school. That sucks! Are you going to be okay? i dont have any tests. or papers. or a job anymore… or money… i am just worried.

4 my grandma died last week. but I barely knew her. Why did you stop taking your medications? i dont have any money anymore… Oh. Then howd you have that huge party last Sat. at your apt? I havent seen you in class all week. well, that was the last of my fundage, and you know, alcohol is a staple in college, right? i know but i dont know why??? Man GrLe you dont seem like your normal self these days i know…

5 i just dont want to leave my bed anymore and i eat all day long… Have you talked with anyone about this yet? Like a counselor?! Im not CrAzY!!! Well… maybe you could talk to Matt the RA dude, he seems like a cool guy? common sNaUgHtyGrLe I will go with you to talk with RA Matt. yea… maybe. Idk. i am sure tomorrow Ill be fine… peachy keen, you know? I think you should. It couldnt hurt? ok but dont tell my roommates. I dont want them to think i am crazy too! ;)

6 Disorder Prevalence Dr. Ronald Kessler from Harvard University found that 37% of people aged 15-24 years old have a diagnosable mental illness.

7 Resident Assistants = Doctors

8 Mental Health Disorders Anxiety Disorders Mood Disorders Personality Disorders Learning Disorders Eating Disorders …health conditions that are characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, or behavior associated with distress and/or impaired functioning.

9 Disorder Prevalence Eating disorders affect 5-10 million women and 1 million men, with the highest rates occurring in college-aged women. Suicide was the third leading cause of death for those aged 15-24, and the second leading killer in the college population in 1998. More than 30% of college freshman report feeling overwhelmed a great deal of the time. About 38% of college women report feeling frequently overwhelmed.

10 Common Mental Disorders Major Depressive Disorder: 9.9 million Dysthymic Disorder: 10.9 million Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: 5.5 million Social Phobia: 5.3 million Generalized Anxiety Disorder: 4.0 million Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: 3.3 million Panic Disorder: 2.4 million Bipolar Disorder: 2.3 million Schizophrenia: 2.2 million

11 Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Panic Disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Social Phobia (or Social Anxiety Disorder) Women are five times as likely to have anxiety disorders.

12 Panic Attacks …a discrete period in which there is the sudden onset of intense apprehension, fearfulness, or terror, often associated with feelings of impending doom. During these attacks, symptoms such as shortness of breath, palpitations, chest pain, or discomfort, choking or smothering sensations, and fear of going crazy or losing control are present.

13 Mood Disorders Major Depressive Disorder Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depression) Cyclothymic Disorder Dysthymic Disorder

14 Mood Disorders Symptoms to be on the lookout for a major depressive episode include: Depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day Loss of pleasure or interest in activities Weight loss or gain / decrease or increase in appetite Insomnia or hypersomnia everyday Feelings of worthlessness / excessive or inappropriate guilt Inability to think or concentrate / indecisiveness Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide ideation

15 Mood Disorders Symptoms to be on the lookout for a manic episode include: Inflated self-esteem or grandiosity Decreased need for sleep More talkative than usual Flight of ideas or racing thoughts Distractibility Increased goal-directed activity Excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that can have negative consequences

16 Common Medications DisorderGeneric NameBrand Name DepressionCitalopramCelexa FluoxetineProzac ParoxetinePaxol SertralineZoloft Bipolar DisorderLithium Carbonate Eskalith, Lithotabs BupropionWellbutrin, Zyban FluvoxamineLuvox Valproic AcidDepakote AnxietyAlpraozolamXanax DiazepamValium

17 Personality Disorders Paranoid Personality Disorder Schizoid Personality Disorder Schizotypal Personality Disorder Antisocial Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder Histrionic Personality Disorder Narcissistic Personality Disorder Avoidant Personality Disorder Dependent Personality Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

18 Personality Disorders 30.8 Million American adults (14.8%) meet standard criteria for (at least) one personality disorder.

19 Learning Disorders Dyslexia Dyscalculia Dysgraphia Attention Deficit Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Two-thirds of high school graduates with learning disabilities were rated "not qualified" to enter a four-year college. Only 13% of students with learning disabilities have attended a 4-year post-secondary school program within two years of leaving high school.

20 Eating Disorders ANOREXIA NERVOSA BULIMIA NERVOSA BINGE EATING 8 million Americans suffer from anorexia or bulimia. All eating disorders are psychological disorders, which can be treated effectively through psychological, nutritional and medical care. The weight loss industry nets over 33 BILLION dollars per year. 11% of female college students suffer from bulimia. Most people who have an eating disorder have very low self-esteem and look to others for approval. Food and their weight are the few things they feel that they can control in their lives. Eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of any psychological disease. 10% of teenagers with an eating disorder are males.

21 Common Myths Myth #1: Psychiatric disorders are not true medical illnesses like heart disease and diabetes. People who have a mental illness are just "crazy." Myth #2: People with a severe mental illness, such as schizophrenia, are usually dangerous and violent. Myth #3: Mental illness is the result of bad parenting.

22 Common Myths Myth #4: Depression results from a personality weakness or character flaw, and people who are depressed could just snap out of it if they tried hard enough. Myth #5: Schizophrenia means split personality, and there is no way to control it. Myth #6: Depression is a normal part of the aging process.

23 Common Myths Myth #7: Depression and other illnesses, such as anxiety disorders, do not affect children or adolescents. Any problems they have are just a part of growing up. Myth #8: If you have a mental illness, you can will it away. Being treated for a psychiatric disorder means an individual has in some way "failed" or is weak. Myth #9: Addiction is a lifestyle choice and shows a lack of willpower. People with a substance abuse problem are morally weak or "bad". Myth #10: Mental illness only affects people in rich countries.

24 Mental Health Discussion Topic Movies AS GOOD AS IT GETS A BEAUTIFUL MIND BENNY AND JOON A CLOCKWORK ORANGE COBB CONSPIRACY THEORY A DEADLY SECRET: THE ROBERT BIERER STORY ELLING FALLING DOWN FORREST GUMP GIRL INTERRUPTED GOOD WILL HUNTING THE HOURS IRIS K-PAX MUMFORD NIXON OF MICE AND MEN THE OTHER SISTER RAIN MAN THE SHINING THE SILENCE OF THE LAMBS SILENT FALL THE SIXTH SENSE SLING BLADE UNITED STATES OF LELAND

25 Campus Resources - reader/taping services - test accommodations - tutor referral - note taker supplies and copy services - advocacy and counseling - faculty/staff consultation - resource materials - referral to community agencies - sign language services - temporary disability parking - group educational presentations - facilitation of adaptive equipment requests - orientation presentations Depression Questionnaire Anxiety Information

26 What Can I Do When Referring to the Counseling Center Doesnt Fit? Educate Everyone Try Not to Label Talk to your supervisor Know Your Student Code Refer to Resources Provide Students with Resources

27 Resources National Mental Health Association: www.nmha.org Anxiety Disorders Association of America: www.adaa.org The Anxiety-Panic Internet Resource: www.algy.com/anxiety/index.shtml Panic Anxiety Education Management Services: www.paems.com.au/index.html Anxiety/Panic Attack Resource Site: www.anxietypanic.com Freedom From Fear: www.freedomfromfear.com National Anxiety Foundation: http://lexington-on- line.com/naf.html National Institute of Mental Health: www.nimh.nih.gov Obsessive-Compulsive Foundation: www.ocfoundation.org

28 Resources National Institute of Mental Health http://www.nimh.nih.gov/nimhhome/index.cfm Housing Pro- Scott M. Helfrich, M.S. Area Coordinator, Bloomsburg www.reslife.net http://www.borderlinepersonalitytoday.com/main/myths.htm http://www.reslife.net/assets/docs/eating_disorders.doc

29 Submitted by Christina Marie Clark, Area Coordinator, University of Southern Indiana


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