Presentation on theme: "Breast Health Begins With You"— Presentation transcript:
1Breast Health Begins With You What you need to know about breast cancer.
2National Breast Cancer Awareness Month is October
3The Numbers Don’t LieBreast cancer impacts over 240,000 new patients a year in the United States alone.Approximately every 3 minutes a woman is diagnosed with breast cancer and approximately every 12 minutes breast cancer claims another life.70% of breast cancer cases occur in women who have no identifiable risk factors.
4Statistics on Breast Cancer An estimated 40,600 deaths (40,200 women, 400 men) from breast cancer are expected next year.Breast cancer ranks second among cancer deaths in women.Breast cancer also strikes a small percentage of men.An estimated 192,200 new invasive cases of breast cancer are expected to occur among women in the United States this year alone.About 1,500 new cases of breast cancer are expected to be diagnosed in men next year.
5What do we know about causes? Nobody knows for certain why some women develop breast cancer and others do not. What is known is: You have not done anything "wrong" in your life that caused breast cancer. You CANNOT "catch" breast cancer. It is NOT caused by stress or by injury to the breast.Most women DO NOT have any known risk factors or a history of the disease in their families. Getting older DOES increase your risk of getting breast cancer, starting at the age of 40 and continuing into your 80s.
6Factors that increase risk LifestyleFamily HistoryPersonal History
7Family HistoryFAMILY HISTORY: If your mother, sister, or daughter has developed breast cancer before menopause, you are three times more likely to develop the disease. If two or more close relatives (e.g., cousins, aunts, grandmothers) have/had breast cancer, you are at increased risk as well. Recently, scientists have found that mutations in genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 increase one's susceptibility to breast cancer. A simple blood test can tell you if you have such a condition.
8Personal HistoryIf you've had breast cancer, you have an increased risk of getting it again. Also, if you've had benign breast disease (e.g., fibrocystic breast disease), you are at an increased risk.The following also put you at greater risk:If you began menstruating early (before age 12)If you take birth control pills (though evidence is not conclusive)
9Additional Risk Factors If you never have childrenIf you have children when you are 30 or olderIf you have menopause at 55 or olderIf you take Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)Higher estrogen levels are strongly linked with susceptibility to breast cancer.
10LifestyleSeveral studies found a lower incidence of breast cancer among women who exercise regularlyHigher proportion of breast cancer among obese women.There is increased risk of breast cancer with increased alcohol use (i.e., 3 or more drinks per week); perhaps due to the fact that alcohol increases blood estrogen levels.
11Resources to Check OutWomen’s Information Network Against Breast Cancer:American Cancer Society's Breast Cancer Resource Center:www3.cancer.org/cancerinfo/res_home.asp?ct=5Breast Cancer Action:Celebrating Life Foundation:The promotion of charitable endeavors that encourage the advancement of knowledge and awareness of breast cancer risk and risk management in the African American community and for women of color.
12Department of Defense Breast Cancer Decision Guide: www.bcdg.org For individuals diagnosed with breast cancer and their family members.National Alliance of Breast Cancer Organizations:Provides information, assistance and referral to anyone with questions about breast cancer, and acts as a voice for the interests and concerns of breast cancer survivors and women at risk.Imaginis.net - the Breast Health Specialists:Comprehensive, up-to-date information on breast health and related breast cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis and treatment procedures.
14Breast Self Exam Information It is easy to do and the more you do it, the better you will get at it.When you get to know how your breasts normally feel, you will quickly be able to feel any change, and early detection is the key to successful treatment. A breast self-exam could save your breast - and your life.Most breast lumps are found by women themselves, but in fact, most lumps in the breast are not cancer.
15When to do a Breast Self-Exam The best time to do breast self-exam is right after your period, when breasts are not tender or swollen. If you do not have regular periods or sometimes skip a month, do it on the same day every month.
16About Your Breast Self Exam… Remember, you are looking for changes, so you need to collect a month or two of data before you really understand what change looks or feels like. You must also realize that 9 out of every 10 breast lumps found, thank heavens, are not cancerous.
17There are two basic steps to conducting a Breast Self Exam (BSE): first you look at your breasts, and then you touch them.
18Step 1 a Visual Examination During the first part of the BSE, the visual examination, you are looking for changes in each breast. So if your breasts have always been mushy, that's not a concern unless this is a new change.
19Step 1 bStand in front of a mirror and look for the above changes in your breasts (from both a frontal and profile view) in 3 different positions:With your arms up behind your headWith your arms down at your sidesBending forward
20The changes you are looking for include: Step 1 cSizeShapeBumps/lumps – NOTE: normal lumpiness, like in the week before and of your menstrual cycle, will appear as very small and separate lumps like the texture of an orange.Contour or symmetry (is there a difference in the level between your nipples? Do both breasts look symmetrical?)
21Other Changes to Look For… Step 1 dOther Changes to Look For…Sores or scaly skinSkin discoloration or dimplingDischarge or puckering of the nipple
22Step 2a Tactile Examination Begin by looking for the changes while standing up. Some women find it useful to do this part of the BSE in the shower, since soap or bath gel will aid in the ease of feeling your breasts.
23Step 2bFor the BSE, you need to pick a pattern to feel your breasts and surrounding areas, which include:the breast itselfbetween the breast and underarmthe underarm itselfthe area above the breast up to the collarbone and across to your shoulder
24Step 2cIt is important to check surrounding areas because breast cancer may be found in the lymph node tissue around your breast and underarm.
25Step 2dYou use the pads (where your fingerprints are) of your three middle fingers on your right hand pressed together flat to check your left breast, and do the opposite for the right breast.
26Step 2eYou should press on your breast with varying degrees of pressure:light (move the skin without moving the tissue underneath)medium (midway into the tissue)hard (down to the ribs "on the verge of pain")
27Step 2fPatternsSpiral (concentric circles): begin with a large circle around the perimeter of your breast and make smaller and smaller circles as you work your way toward the nipple.
28Step 2gPie shape wedges: pretend your breast is divided into sections like pieces of a pie, begin in the nipple area and feel your breast in a small circular motion within one pie shape section, then move on to the next wedge starting in the nipple area again.
29Step 2hUp and down: pretend your breast is divided into vertical stripes, begin on one side and feel your breast in a small circular motion up and down in a zig zag pattern.
30Step 2iWhen using any of the 3 patterns, you should always be using a circular rubbing motion (in dime-sized circles) without lifting up your fingers.
31Once you've performed the tactile examination while standing up in front of a mirror, you should do the whole examination again, this time while lying down.Step 3a
32Step 3bPut your left arm behind your head and use your right hand to examine your left breast.Put a small pillow or towel under your left shoulder to aid you.Again, use the pads of your 3 fingers of your right hand to check your left breast in the pattern of your choice (spiral, pie shape wedges, or up and down).Be sure to always use the same pattern (it's the best way to know if there are changes).
33Step 3cAnd again, don't forget to feel your breast using light, medium, and hard pressure.After you're finished, you must repeat the procedure again for your right breast.
34Here’s what you might find during your breast exam: Tender, lumpy breasts This is usually part of your regular menstrual cycle due to swelling because you retain more water.Overall small lumps and a bumpy/grainy texture If this texture is found on both breasts in the area around your nipples and the upper and outer parts of your breasts, you might only have fibrocystic breasts.
35Single lump that feels like an oval and is hard on the outside, squishy on the inside This may be a cyst. You can usually move a cyst under the skin and they sometimes produce a dull pain. A cyst is a fluid-filled sac that can vary in size from a pea to a half-dollar. Cysts appear most often in women aged 35 to 50 and increase as menopause approaches. They are benign.
36Single, solid lump that feels round like a small rubber ball and can be moved This may be a fibrodenoma, a benign and painless tumor made up of connective tissue and other cells. A fibrodenoma may vary in size from a marble to a lemon. They are more common in women in their late teens and early 20s or older women on Hormone Replacement Therapy.
37Overall distinct large lumps These may be just exaggerated lumpiness, called pseudolumps. These may be caused by scar tissue, a clump of fat cells, or an abscess (pus-filled sac). Sometimes nursing women experience mastitis, when bacteria enters the breast from dry cracks in the skin.
38Single, solid lump that can NOT be moved Look for hard, irregular borders to the lump. Also, determine if the lump appears in only one breast and if it remains the same size throughout your menstrual cycle. Note that thickened or dimpled skin is a sign of a lump that can NOT be moved (other benign lumps are movable because they are filled with fluid or lumps of fat). If all of the above occur, these are symptoms of breast cancer. Get it checked out immediately.
39Sores or scaly skin An open, itchy sore could just be a simple skin irritation (like from a new lacy bra that's cutting into you, or from switching your laundry detergent). However, in a few women, this could be a sign of Paget's disease, a rare form of breast cancer.
40Discharge or puckering of the nipple Persistent clear or bloody discharge from one nipple may indicate cancer in your breast ducts. Also, an inverted or puckered nipple (e.g., pulled back into the breast) may be a symptom of breast cancer.
41If you find that you exhibit any characteristics that are abnormal or concern you (aside from normal menstrual lumpiness or retention of water), don't screw around. Go see your physician immediately for a clinical breast exam and other tests. While some of the abnormalities mentioned are usually benign, nothing is 100% and it's good to keep your doctor in the loop.