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The Nuts and Bolts of the Chinese Political System Bruce Dickson George Washington University.

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Presentation on theme: "The Nuts and Bolts of the Chinese Political System Bruce Dickson George Washington University."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Nuts and Bolts of the Chinese Political System Bruce Dickson George Washington University

2 The Chinese Communist Party 75 million members 75 million members –About 6% of population Criteria for recruitment Criteria for recruitment –Education –Age –Gender –Urban bias Most key positions held by CCP members Most key positions held by CCP members

3 Central Party Institutions National Party Congress (> 2000)

4 Central Party Institutions Central Committee (200) National Party Congress (> 2000)

5 Central Party Institutions Politburo (25) Central Committee (200) National Party Congress (> 2000)

6 Central Party Institutions Politburo Standing Committee (9) Politburo (25) Central Committee (200) National Party Congress (> 2000)

7 Central Party Institutions General Secretary Politburo Standing Committee (9) Politburo (25) Central Committee (200) National Party Congress (> 2000)

8 CCP General Secretary HU Jintao

9 Political Generations in China Mao Zedong Deng Xiaoping Jiang Zemin

10 Fourth Generation Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao

11 Fifth Generation Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang

12 Chinese Party Institutions CCP General Secretary Standing Committee Politburo Central Committee Provincial Party Committees Local Party Committees

13 Chinese Political System CCP General Secretary National Peoples Congress Standing Committee Politburo Central Committee Prime Minister State Council

14 Chinese legislators at work

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17 Chinese Political System CCP General Secretary National Peoples Congress Standing Committee Politburo Central Committee Prime Minister State Council

18 Prime Minister WEN Jiabao

19 Chinese Political System CCP General Secretary National Peoples Congress Provincial Peoples Congresses Local Peoples Congresses Standing Committee Politburo Central Committee Provincial Party Committees Local Party Committees Prime Minister State Council Provincial Governments Local Governments

20 Chinese Political System President

21 CCPs bid for legitimacy Performance Legitimacy Performance Legitimacy Growth Growth

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23 CCPs bid for legitimacy Performance Legitimacy Performance Legitimacy Growth Growth Nationalism Nationalism –Pride in economic accomplishments and growing role in international community –Preserve national unity –Century of humiliation

24 CCPs bid for legitimacy Performance Legitimacy Performance Legitimacy Growth Growth Nationalism Nationalism Maintain political order Maintain political order –Traditional concern for stability –Rising protests around country –Concerns about migrant workers

25 Challenges to CCPs legitimacy Economic Economic –Inequality –Corruption –Pollution –Current economic slowdown –Rising aspirations? Nationalism Nationalism –Both elite driven and popular nationalism Order Order –Most protests are direct if unintended consequence of pro-growth policies –How to balance growth and stability?

26 CCPs Strategy for Survival Coercion Coercion –A hallmark of any authoritarian regime –But costly

27 CCPs Strategy for Survival Coercion Coercion Co-optation Co-optation –Potential threats –New talent needed for policy goals –Chinese universities are now main recruitment areas for CCP –Three Represents

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29 CCPs Strategy for Survival Coercion Coercion Co-optation Co-optation Limit the flow of information Limit the flow of information –Media –Internet –Prevent their use for political purposes, but make them available for leisure and especially economic purposes

30 CCPs Strategy for Survival Coercion Coercion Co-optation Co-optation Limit the flow of information Limit the flow of information Raise the cost of collective action Raise the cost of collective action –CCP monopoly on political organization –Protests are local, material demands

31 Prospects for change Despite the many problems linked to economic development, CCP remains popular Despite the many problems linked to economic development, CCP remains popular Most Chinese optimistic about future Most Chinese optimistic about future No viable alternative No viable alternative Will change come from within the party or from society? Will change come from within the party or from society?


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