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The country which has the most blue sky in the world! Socrates Harisis.

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Presentation on theme: "The country which has the most blue sky in the world! Socrates Harisis."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The country which has the most blue sky in the world! Socrates Harisis

3 CULTURECULTURE The Culture of Greece has evolved over thousands of years, with its beginnings in the Mycenaean and Minoan Civilizations, continuing most notably into Classical Greece, through the influence of the Roman Empire and its Greek Eastern successor the Byzantine Empire. The Ottoman Empire too had a significant influence on Greek Culture, but the Greek war of independence is credited with revitalizing Greece and giving birth to a single entity of its multi-faceted culture throughout the ages. The Culture of Greece has evolved over thousands of years, with its beginnings in the Mycenaean and Minoan Civilizations, continuing most notably into Classical Greece, through the influence of the Roman Empire and its Greek Eastern successor the Byzantine Empire. The Ottoman Empire too had a significant influence on Greek Culture, but the Greek war of independence is credited with revitalizing Greece and giving birth to a single entity of its multi-faceted culture throughout the ages.the Mycenaean and Minoan Civilizations Classical GreeceRoman EmpireGreek EasternByzantine EmpireOttoman EmpireGreek war of independencethe Mycenaean and Minoan Civilizations Classical GreeceRoman EmpireGreek EasternByzantine EmpireOttoman EmpireGreek war of independence

4 FOODFOOD Although one can find different ethnic foods in Athens, the great majority of restaurants in Greece serve only one variety of food: Greek food! To most people who consider "variety" to come from different types of cuisines this might sound rather monotonous, but Greek food comes in many shapes, forms, and varieties to keep even the most demanding traveler satisfied. Although one can find different ethnic foods in Athens, the great majority of restaurants in Greece serve only one variety of food: Greek food! To most people who consider "variety" to come from different types of cuisines this might sound rather monotonous, but Greek food comes in many shapes, forms, and varieties to keep even the most demanding traveler satisfied.

5 What to Eat when in Greece What to Eat when in Greece Greek salad with every meal ("horiatiki salata" = village salad, is best) Fresh Fish of any kind (you can ask to see the fish before it is cooked) Kalamari= squid (fried or sautéed with onions and red wine) Gyros (gee'ros.) As you will find out not all gyros are created equal, ask the locals for the best restaurant. Octopus grilled on charcoal with lemon. Spinach Pie (spanakopita) Cheese Pie (Tyropita) Greek salad with every meal ("horiatiki salata" = village salad, is best) Fresh Fish of any kind (you can ask to see the fish before it is cooked) Kalamari= squid (fried or sautéed with onions and red wine) Gyros (gee'ros.) As you will find out not all gyros are created equal, ask the locals for the best restaurant. Octopus grilled on charcoal with lemon. Spinach Pie (spanakopita) Cheese Pie (Tyropita) On the rural roads in Greece you will see little kiosks where the farmers sell produce and fresh fruits. My family and I get the juiciest fresh peaches and other seasonal fruit from these vendors and we eat half of it before we reach our destination. Don't miss out on the opportunity if you pass one. On the rural roads in Greece you will see little kiosks where the farmers sell produce and fresh fruits. My family and I get the juiciest fresh peaches and other seasonal fruit from these vendors and we eat half of it before we reach our destination. Don't miss out on the opportunity if you pass one.

6 The Arts The Arts The art and architecture of Ancient Greece have greatly influenced Western civilization through to the present day. Byzantine art and architecture also played an important role in early Christianity, and remain a significant influence in the Orthodox Christian nations of Eastern Europe and Eurasia. Yet, because of the ravages of history, only a minor assortment of ancient Greek art has survived - most frequently in the form of sculpture and architecture and minor arts, including coin design, pottery and gem engraving. Greece also has a rich history of contemporary art from the revolution onwards The art and architecture of Ancient Greece have greatly influenced Western civilization through to the present day. Byzantine art and architecture also played an important role in early Christianity, and remain a significant influence in the Orthodox Christian nations of Eastern Europe and Eurasia. Yet, because of the ravages of history, only a minor assortment of ancient Greek art has survived - most frequently in the form of sculpture and architecture and minor arts, including coin design, pottery and gem engraving. Greece also has a rich history of contemporary art from the revolution onwardsByzantine artarchitectureearly ChristianityOrthodox ChristianEastern EuropeEurasiaByzantine artarchitectureearly ChristianityOrthodox ChristianEastern EuropeEurasia

7 Architecture Architecture Remains of ancient Greek architecture still survive or are well documented today alongside more modern examples. Remains of ancient Greek architecture still survive or are well documented today alongside more modern examples.architecture It emphasized a Grecian cross layout, the Byzantine capitol style of column (a mixture of Ionic and Corinthian capitols) and a central dome surrounded by several smaller domes. Greece also experienced something of a Neo-Byzantine revival following the Greek Revolution, and quite unsurprisingly, also experienced a growth in Neo-Classical Architecture in the years following the Revolution; this came into a contact and interaction with traditional Byzantine villa architecture to produce a form specific to modern Greece It emphasized a Grecian cross layout, the Byzantine capitol style of column (a mixture of Ionic and Corinthian capitols) and a central dome surrounded by several smaller domes. Greece also experienced something of a Neo-Byzantine revival following the Greek Revolution, and quite unsurprisingly, also experienced a growth in Neo-Classical Architecture in the years following the Revolution; this came into a contact and interaction with traditional Byzantine villa architecture to produce a form specific to modern GreeceIonic CorinthiandomeNeo-Byzantine Greek RevolutionNeo-Classical ArchitectureIonic CorinthiandomeNeo-Byzantine Greek RevolutionNeo-Classical Architecture

8 Painting and sculpture Painting and sculpture In contrast to other illustrated forms, surviving ancient Greek paintings are very rare. Greek painters worked mainly on wooden panels, and their finest works were admired for hundreds of years after their creation. However, these paintings rapidly disappeared after the 4th century AD when they were no longer adequately protected. In addition to sub-standard Roman copies, for example in Pompeii, rare surviving examples have been found in the tombs of the kings of Macedon at Vergina, at also in ancient Macedon, as well as Kazanlak in ancient Thrace. In contrast to other illustrated forms, surviving ancient Greek paintings are very rare. Greek painters worked mainly on wooden panels, and their finest works were admired for hundreds of years after their creation. However, these paintings rapidly disappeared after the 4th century AD when they were no longer adequately protected. In addition to sub-standard Roman copies, for example in Pompeii, rare surviving examples have been found in the tombs of the kings of Macedon at Vergina, at also in ancient Macedon, as well as Kazanlak in ancient Thrace.4th century ADPompeiiMacedon VerginaMacedonKazanlakThrace4th century ADPompeiiMacedon VerginaMacedonKazanlakThrace

9 POPULATION AND AREA Greece has about eleven million people of population and 131.957 sq km of area. Greece has about eleven million people of population and 131.957 sq km of area. The capital of Greece is Athens which has about three million and five hundred people (according to the number of 2001). The capital of Greece is Athens which has about three million and five hundred people (according to the number of 2001). The biggest port is the port of Piraeus which is located near to the capital city Athens The biggest port is the port of Piraeus which is located near to the capital city Athens

10 PERIFERIES AND PREFECTURES PERIFERIES PERIFERIES 1. Attica 2.Central Greece 3.Central Macedonia 4.Crete 5.East Macedonia and Thrace 6.Epirus 7.Ionian Islands 8.North Aegean 9.Peloponnese 10.South Aegean 11.Thessaly 12.West Greece 13.West Macedonia PREFECTURES PREFECTURES Evrytania Phocis Phthiotis Boeotia Chalkidiki Imathia Kilkis Pella Pieria Serres Thessaloniki Thessaloniki

11 Chania Heraklion Lasithi Rethymno Drama Evros Kavala Rhodope Xanthi Arta Ioannina Preveza Thesprotia Corfu Kefalonia and Ithaca Kefalonia and Ithaca Lefkada Zakynthos Chios Lesbos Samos Arcadia Argolis Corinthia Laconia Messinia Cyclades

12 Dodecanese Karditsa Larissa Magnesia Trikala Achaea Aetoloacarnania Aetoloacarnania Elis Florina Grevena Kastoria Kozani Mount Athos Mount Athos

13 ECONOMYECONOMY Tomatoes Onions Lettuce Eggplant Cucumbers Green Peppers Cauliflower Carrots Cabbage Broccoli Fresh fruits Citrus Oranges Lemons Olive Sunflower Soybean Cotton Tobacco Potatoes Sugar beet Vegetables AGRICULTURE: Major crops

14 TOURISM IN GREECE Greece attracts well over 16 million tourists a year contributing 15% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the nation's Economy. The country has been an attraction for international visitors since antiquity for its rich and long history and more recently for its glorious Mediterranean coastline and beaches. In 2005, 6,088,287 tourists visited only the city of Athens, the capital city. Greece attracts well over 16 million tourists a year contributing 15% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the nation's Economy. The country has been an attraction for international visitors since antiquity for its rich and long history and more recently for its glorious Mediterranean coastline and beaches. In 2005, 6,088,287 tourists visited only the city of Athens, the capital city. GreeceEconomyhistoryAthens GreeceEconomyhistoryAthens In 2004, the country welcomed over 16.5 million tourists. At the same time, tourism consumption increased considerably since the turn of the millennium, from US$ 17.7 bn. in 2000 to US$ 29.6 bn. in 2004. The number of jobs directly or indirectly related to the tourism sector were 659,719 and represented 16.5% of the countrys total employment for that year. In 2004, the country welcomed over 16.5 million tourists. At the same time, tourism consumption increased considerably since the turn of the millennium, from US$ 17.7 bn. in 2000 to US$ 29.6 bn. in 2004. The number of jobs directly or indirectly related to the tourism sector were 659,719 and represented 16.5% of the countrys total employment for that year. tourismsectoremployment tourismsectoremployment Tourism in Greece is run by the Greek National Tourism Organisation (GNTO) who use Helena Paparizou, a famous Greek singer who won Eurovision song contest in 2005 as an ambassador. The World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC) expects Greece to gain US$54.12 billion in economic activity through tourism in 2007, a 4% increase over 2006. Tourism in Greece is run by the Greek National Tourism Organisation (GNTO) who use Helena Paparizou, a famous Greek singer who won Eurovision song contest in 2005 as an ambassador. The World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC) expects Greece to gain US$54.12 billion in economic activity through tourism in 2007, a 4% increase over 2006.GreeceGreek National Tourism OrganisationHelena PaparizouambassadorGreeceGreek National Tourism OrganisationHelena Paparizouambassador

15 INDUSTRY IN GREECE The industrial sector in Greece is weak. An established tradition exists only in the production of textiles, processed foods, and cement. (What is said to be the world's largest cement factory is located in Vólos.) In the past, private investment has been oriented much more toward real estate than toward industry, and concrete apartment blocks proliferate throughout the country. In the 1960s and '70s, taking advantage of an investment regime that privileged foreign capital, Greek shipowners invested significantly in sectors such as oil refining and shipbuilding. Shipping continues to be a key industrial sector, with the merchant fleet being one of the largest in the world, even if many of its ships are older than the world average. In the 1970s many ships that had hitherto registered under flags of convenience returned to the Greek flag. The fact that Greek ships, predominantly bulk carriers, are principally engaged in carrying cargoes between third countries renders the shipping industry vulnerable to downturns in international economic activity. The industrial sector in Greece is weak. An established tradition exists only in the production of textiles, processed foods, and cement. (What is said to be the world's largest cement factory is located in Vólos.) In the past, private investment has been oriented much more toward real estate than toward industry, and concrete apartment blocks proliferate throughout the country. In the 1960s and '70s, taking advantage of an investment regime that privileged foreign capital, Greek shipowners invested significantly in sectors such as oil refining and shipbuilding. Shipping continues to be a key industrial sector, with the merchant fleet being one of the largest in the world, even if many of its ships are older than the world average. In the 1970s many ships that had hitherto registered under flags of convenience returned to the Greek flag. The fact that Greek ships, predominantly bulk carriers, are principally engaged in carrying cargoes between third countries renders the shipping industry vulnerable to downturns in international economic activity. cement

16 SHIPPING IN GREECE In the early twentieth century, well-established Greek- run international businesses turned their focus towards shipping as a result of major upheavals affecting their markets: the Russian revolution, the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and restrictions in Egypt closed their markets to foreigners. The Greek grain merchants in London and Odessa (such as the Vaglianos Bros. and Rodocanachi family) lost access to their traditional grain suppliers and markets and, rather than close, they seized the chance to invest in merchant fleets of steamships, and specialized in tramp shipping. In the early twentieth century, well-established Greek- run international businesses turned their focus towards shipping as a result of major upheavals affecting their markets: the Russian revolution, the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and restrictions in Egypt closed their markets to foreigners. The Greek grain merchants in London and Odessa (such as the Vaglianos Bros. and Rodocanachi family) lost access to their traditional grain suppliers and markets and, rather than close, they seized the chance to invest in merchant fleets of steamships, and specialized in tramp shipping.Russian revolution Ottoman EmpireEgypt LondonOdessaVaglianos Bros. Rodocanachi familytrampRussian revolution Ottoman EmpireEgypt LondonOdessaVaglianos Bros. Rodocanachi familytramp

17 GREEK HISTORY This article covers the Greek civilization. For the Greek language as a whole, see Greek language. For the Classical Greek language, see Ancient Greek. This article covers the Greek civilization. For the Greek language as a whole, see Greek language. For the Classical Greek language, see Ancient Greek.Greek languageAncient Greek languageAncient Greek The History of Greece traditionally encompasses the study of the Greek people, the areas they ruled historically, and the territory now composing the modern state of Greece. The History of Greece traditionally encompasses the study of the Greek people, the areas they ruled historically, and the territory now composing the modern state of Greece.Greek peopleGreeceGreek peopleGreece The scope of Greek habitation and rule has varied significantly through the ages, and as a consequence, the history of Greece is similarly elastic in what it includes. Each era has its own related sphere of interest. The scope of Greek habitation and rule has varied significantly through the ages, and as a consequence, the history of Greece is similarly elastic in what it includes. Each era has its own related sphere of interest. The first (proto-)Greek-speaking tribes are generally thought to have arrived in the Greek mainland sometime in the 3rd millennium BC, where various pre-Greek peoples had already been practicing agriculture since the 7th millennium BC. The first (proto-)Greek-speaking tribes are generally thought to have arrived in the Greek mainland sometime in the 3rd millennium BC, where various pre-Greek peoples had already been practicing agriculture since the 7th millennium BC.7th millennium BC7th millennium BC At its geographical peak, Greek civilization spread from Greece to Egypt and to the Hindu Kush mountains in Pakistan. Since then, Greek minorities have remained in former Greek territories (e.g., Turkey, Italy, and Libya, Levant, etc.), and Greek emigrants have assimilated into differing societies across the globe (e.g., North America, Australia, Northern Europe, South Africa etc.). Still today, most Greeks live in the modern states of Greece (independent since 1821) and Cyprus. At its geographical peak, Greek civilization spread from Greece to Egypt and to the Hindu Kush mountains in Pakistan. Since then, Greek minorities have remained in former Greek territories (e.g., Turkey, Italy, and Libya, Levant, etc.), and Greek emigrants have assimilated into differing societies across the globe (e.g., North America, Australia, Northern Europe, South Africa etc.). Still today, most Greeks live in the modern states of Greece (independent since 1821) and Cyprus.EgyptHindu KushPakistanTurkeyItalyLibyaLevantemigrantsNorth AmericaAustraliaNorthern EuropeSouth Africa1821CyprusEgyptHindu KushPakistanTurkeyItalyLibyaLevantemigrantsNorth AmericaAustraliaNorthern EuropeSouth Africa1821Cyprus

18 GREEG HEROES GREEG HEROES Greek heroes Alexander The Great Themistocles Achilles Agamemnon HerculesJasonOdysseusPerseusTheseusLeonidasMiltiadesPericles

19 Modern Greek Heroes Modern Greek Heroes Athanasius Diakos Athanasius Diakos Markus Mpotsarhs Markus Mpotsarhs Georgius Karaiskakis Georgius Karaiskakis Theodorus Kolokotronis Theodorus Kolokotronis Laskarina Moumoulina Laskarina Moumoulina Konstantin Kanares Konstantin Kanares Alexander Ypsilanti Alexander Ypsilanti Konstantin Tsabelas Konstantin Tsabelas And more…………… And more……………

20 SIGHTSEEING IN GREECE If some day come to Greece you can visit the following sights!!! If some day come to Greece you can visit the following sights!!! Acropolis in Athens Delphi in Phocis

21 Saint Laura Evvoia

22 Zakynthos Kefallinia! Santorin And even………

23 And more…… Vardousia Oiti

24 THE END Socrates Harisis It was some helpful information about Greece


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