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COMPENSATED REDUCTION OF DEFORESTATION IPAM - AMAZON INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH www.ipam.org.br www.environmentaldefense.org.

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Presentation on theme: "COMPENSATED REDUCTION OF DEFORESTATION IPAM - AMAZON INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH www.ipam.org.br www.environmentaldefense.org."— Presentation transcript:

1 COMPENSATED REDUCTION OF DEFORESTATION IPAM - AMAZON INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH

2 The future of the large remaining tropical forests of the earth under BAU. Inaccessible forests become accessible as the frontier expands and infrastructure is developed. 8,000,000 ha. – 16,000,000 ha deforested yearly in 1980s & 1990s 0.8 billion t/C – 2.6 billion t/C ~ 20% of annual global Greenhouse gas emissions

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4 Satellite Map of Forest Cover (500 m resolution) 0% 100% Tree cover 25 km (Hansen et al. 2004)

5 Combining Moderate and High Resolution Satellite Data for Monitoring of Clear-cutting and Other Forest Losses 50 km Moderate High

6 Asner et al Science

7 2050 Business as Usual Scenario : Deforested 2,698,735 km 2 (16 PgC release by 2050) Forest 3,320,409 km 2 Non-forest 1,497,685 km km Soares-Filho et al. 2006

8 2050 Governance Scenario: Deforested 1,655,734 km 2 (Reduction: 60%) Forest 4,363,410 km 2 Non-forest1,497,685 km km

9 ENVIRONMENTAL DEFENSE

10 Compensated Reduction of Deforestation Concept for voluntary reduction of national tropical deforestation emissions that brings major developing countries into Kyoto 1. Target derived from average annual historical deforestation (using satellite imagery) over an agreed period. 2. Tropical countries that elect to reduce their national emissions from deforestation below target during a commitment period, and demonstrate success, authorized to issue tradable carbon credit post facto. 3. These countries agree to stabilize, (or to further reduce) deforestation in subsequent commitment periods. 4. Baseline revised downward over time. 5. Only a portion of the offsets might be valid in next period. Others could be valid for subsequent commitment periods.

11 Annual Amazon deforestation rate -- National Space Research Institute (INPE), Brazil (km2)

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13 Zero Deforestation Pact – Brasilia, October


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