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Poverty-Environment Fund From small-scale innovation … to stories of …transformation Daniele Ponzi Lead Environment Specialist ADB 15 May 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Poverty-Environment Fund From small-scale innovation … to stories of …transformation Daniele Ponzi Lead Environment Specialist ADB 15 May 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Poverty-Environment Fund From small-scale innovation … to stories of …transformation Daniele Ponzi Lead Environment Specialist ADB 15 May 2013

2 Outline Introduction: the ADB PEF Introduction: the ADB PEF Transformational Chain – What is it? Transformational Chain – What is it? Success Stories Success Stories Key Lessons Key Lessons Conclusions Conclusions

3 Poverty and Environment Fund Focal Areas Natural Resources (protection + livelihoods) Natural Resources (protection + livelihoods) Pollution and Health (productivity of poor) Pollution and Health (productivity of poor) Vulnerability Reduction (resilience building) Vulnerability Reduction (resilience building) Total amount available: $8.9 million ($5.0m from Norway, $3.6m from Sweden, and $.300 k from income from investments and interest earnings 14 DMCs 30 projects

4 Poverty and Environment Fund Objective: gain experience, learn lessons, & generate knowledge on poverty-environment linkages through poverty reduction environment improvement pilots Objective: gain experience, learn lessons, & generate knowledge on poverty-environment linkages through poverty reduction environment improvement pilots Established in July 2003 Established in July 2003 Donors: Norway and Sweden Donors: Norway and Sweden Phase I – PEP RETA (2004-08): Accelerated learning – pilot sub-project interventions and analytical studies Phase I – PEP RETA (2004-08): Accelerated learning – pilot sub-project interventions and analytical studies Phase II – MEPR (2009-13): Mainstreaming environment in ADB operations (support to country strategies, res. Missions capacities, piloting analytical approaches in add to studies and pilots and as hybrid) Phase II – MEPR (2009-13): Mainstreaming environment in ADB operations (support to country strategies, res. Missions capacities, piloting analytical approaches in add to studies and pilots and as hybrid)

5 Transformational Chain: testing transformation (work in progress) Scan for innovation Identify new projects (studies) provide funding Replicate/upscale successful projects Result: Transformational change

6 Pilot Biodiversity Corridor Program in Lam Dong, Viet Nam Implemented: June 2005- November 2006 Total Project Cost: US$332,000 PEF Funding: US$249,000

7 Pilot Biodiversity Corridor Program in Lam Dong, Viet Nam T BCs: Linear strips of vegetation that provide continuous or near continuous pathways between protected areas (to address f/f habitats fragmentation)

8 Pilot Biodiversity Corridor Program in Lam Dong, Viet Nam Problem Statement: Address threats to biodiversity & poor communities without access to services Problem Statement: Address threats to biodiversity & poor communities without access to services. The project developed / tested models to engage communities in BD and alternative livelihood opportunities (reforestation, animal husbandry, eco-farming) but also BD baseline surveys and BD assessments. The project developed / tested models to engage communities in BD and alternative livelihood opportunities (reforestation, animal husbandry, eco-farming) but also BD baseline surveys and BD assessments. bottom up approaches (farmers and local governments), beneficiaries ownerships of proposals, growing trust between experts and local smallholders) bottom up approaches (farmers and local governments), beneficiaries ownerships of proposals, growing trust between experts and local smallholders)

9 Awareness on the tremendous pressure on forest ecosystems Awareness on the tremendous pressure on forest ecosystems Awareness on the importance of maintaining connectivity Awareness on the importance of maintaining connectivity Testing model for community-based approaches to forest management Testing model for community-based approaches to forest management From Lam Dong …to …the Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative (BCI)

10 Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative (BCI) Forest protection Forest protection Rehabilitation measures Rehabilitation measures Alternative livelihood development Alternative livelihood development Improve habitats connectivity Improve habitats connectivity US$20M = 7 pilot sites 1.3 million ha. of land under BCI management

11 Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative (BCI) Following the model of Lam Dong project, BCI addresses critical problems in biodiversity areas by combining forest protection and rehabilitation measures with alternative livelihood development. This integrated approaches will improve habitat connectivity and ecosystem functionality and reduce rural poverty. Following the model of Lam Dong project, BCI addresses critical problems in biodiversity areas by combining forest protection and rehabilitation measures with alternative livelihood development. This integrated approaches will improve habitat connectivity and ecosystem functionality and reduce rural poverty. About 1.3 million hectares is now under the management of BCI. Community protected areas and livelihood plantations have been established in these areas. About 1.3 million hectares is now under the management of BCI. Community protected areas and livelihood plantations have been established in these areas. Since the first phase of the BCI project ended in 2012, another $20- million phase of the CEP-BCI is implemented from 2012 to 2016. Since the first phase of the BCI project ended in 2012, another $20- million phase of the CEP-BCI is implemented from 2012 to 2016. In addition, upscaling is being implemented through a $69-million investment program to manage biodiversity corridors in 3 countries: Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam. In addition, upscaling is being implemented through a $69-million investment program to manage biodiversity corridors in 3 countries: Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam. Further upscaling is also being carried out in the form of GEF support for a $20-million GMS Forests and Biodiversity Program with a $115- million cofinancing from ADB and World Bank. Further upscaling is also being carried out in the form of GEF support for a $20-million GMS Forests and Biodiversity Program with a $115- million cofinancing from ADB and World Bank.

12 Incorporating Coastal Livelihoods, Sustainable Fisheries in the Poverty Reduction Strategies in the Sulu Sulawesi Seas Identify main threats to sustainable fisheries in the region Identify main threats to sustainable fisheries in the region Identify opportunities to address these in the context of national development and local management plans Identify opportunities to address these in the context of national development and local management plans Assessments, case studies, dialogues with stakeholders to understand marine degradation & livelihoods poverty dimensions Assessments, case studies, dialogues with stakeholders to understand marine degradation & livelihoods poverty dimensions center of center of marine biodiversity Provides food and livelihood to about 40 million people (The Project developed action plans ) 1 million sq. km.

13 From Sulu-Sulawesi to the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) Foundation of knowledge on institutional arrangements and governance issues Built trust among stakeholders and countries and led to the development of regional cooperation/action plans Helped forge alliances between ADB and NGOs including WWF, which then worked together to mobilize resources from other partners such as GEF, USAID, AUSAID and others

14 The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI) Source: J.E.N. Veron and Mary Stafford-Smith. Corals of the World (Cape Ferguson: AIMS, 2000) CT-6: Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Timor-Leste, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands 76% of all known coral species 37% of all known coral reef fish 53% of worlds coral reefs 3,000 species of reef fish greatest extent of mangrove forests in the world

15 PEF Phase II Examples Piloting Pro-poor and Gender-responsive Sanitation Options in Under-served Urban Settlements in Colombo, Sri Lanka (linked to a 300 mill Colombo water &waste water invetsment) Developing a Framework for Wetland Eco- compensation Mechanism in Jiangsu-Yancheng Coastal Wetlands, PRC (linked to an ADB executed GEF grant) Vietnam: support roll out of Payments for Forest Environmental Services and Benefit Sharing Mechanisms (payments by hydropower operators above the dam watershed communities for national scale up)

16 Key Lessons Strong Relationships as basis (among communities, (local) governments, NGOs, businesses + +, donors ) Catalytic support by ADB (pilots, support to replication, etc) Commitment to the medium long term, institutional stamina, predictable resource envelope

17 Conclusions Unmet demand Investment opportunities Towards …. ….. Transformations ….. Scan for innovation

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19 Air and Noise Pollution Reduction from the Tricycle Sub-sector, Philippines Improve tricycle emissions through skills training Enhance governments capacity to enforce Clean Air Act Establish multi-purpose fund for cleaner technologies and livelihood improvement

20 Air and Noise Pollution Reduction from the Tricycle Sub-sector, Philippines Preventive maintenance program Preventive maintenance program Engine technician vocational program Engine technician vocational program Capacity building for Clean Air Act enforcement Capacity building for Clean Air Act enforcement Tricycle multi-purpose fund Tricycle multi-purpose fund Livelihood development program Livelihood development program


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