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Rwanda Poverty Environment Initiative (PEI) Poverty Environment Project Meeting Nairobi January 30 – February 1, 2007 Alex Mulisa, Rwanda PEI Project Manager.

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Presentation on theme: "Rwanda Poverty Environment Initiative (PEI) Poverty Environment Project Meeting Nairobi January 30 – February 1, 2007 Alex Mulisa, Rwanda PEI Project Manager."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rwanda Poverty Environment Initiative (PEI) Poverty Environment Project Meeting Nairobi January 30 – February 1, 2007 Alex Mulisa, Rwanda PEI Project Manager

2 GOVERNMENT OF RWANDA Country Issues Post war National environmental Policy Organic law on environment – 2005 Decentralization process in 2006

3 Rwanda Profile (2005) - Population: h - Pop Density: 321h/Km2 - Pop in Agriculuture: 87% - Pop growth: 2.6% - Pop below the poverty line: 56,9% - Contribution of agriculture in the GDP: 43,5% - Average land per household: 0.6 ha - Forest cover: 20% country surface - Use of electricity: 4% - Population in Urban areas: 17% - Rate of urbanisation: 15%

4 PEI - Background February 2005 Development work by Task Team October 2005 Total Budget: $624,000 (support for Phase I) Belgium/Gvt of Norway through UNEP, UNDP (Rwanda and HQ)

5 GOVERNMENT OF RWANDA PEI PARTNERS Ministry of Lands, Environment, Forests, Water and Mines (MINITERE), Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning (MINECOFIN), Ministry of Agriculture and Animal resources (MINAGRI), Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA) and Ministry of Local Administration, Good Governance, Community Development and Social Affairs (MINALOC) coordinated and implemented by Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA)

6 Typical features in Rwanda

7 Objectives to enhance the contribution of sound environmental management national development strategies such as Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS), Vision 2020, and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); to enhance the contribution of sound environmental management national development strategies such as Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS), Vision 2020, and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); to increase national budget allocations towards the environment; to increase national budget allocations towards the environment; to build the long-term capacity of the government to integrate environmental concerns into the design and implementation of development plans to build the long-term capacity of the government to integrate environmental concerns into the design and implementation of development plans

8 Main Activities Conduct studies to generate evidence based advocacy tools: Conduct studies to generate evidence based advocacy tools: Economic Analysis of the Cost of Environmental DegradationEconomic Analysis of the Cost of Environmental Degradation Pilot Integrated Ecosystem AssessmentPilot Integrated Ecosystem Assessment

9 Main Activities (Contd) Media strategy Media strategy Support to EDPRS Support to EDPRS Environmental Mainstreaming GuidelinesEnvironmental Mainstreaming Guidelines Sector Mainstreaming ToolsSector Mainstreaming Tools Monitoring and Evaluation toolsMonitoring and Evaluation tools Support to Sector and Cross-cutting GroupSupport to Sector and Cross-cutting Group Phase II preparation Phase II preparation Implementation PhaseImplementation Phase Capacity BuildingCapacity Building

10 Management/Implementation Modalities UNDP Rwanda: UNDP Rwanda: Operational and technical supportOperational and technical support UNEP: UNEP: Technical supportTechnical support Government of Rwanda/REMA Government of Rwanda/REMA Steering committee Steering committee Task team Task team Project Management Unit Project Management Unit National Project CoordinatorNational Project Coordinator National Project Manager National Project Manager International Technical Adviser International Technical Adviser

11 Anticipated Results Evidence based, policy driven advocacy tools Evidence based, policy driven advocacy tools Enhanced knowledge base on environmental issues among key sectors: Planning, Agriculture, Energy and Local institutions Enhanced knowledge base on environmental issues among key sectors: Planning, Agriculture, Energy and Local institutions Improved understanding of the importance of environment for sustainable development with policy-makers and national planners Improved understanding of the importance of environment for sustainable development with policy-makers and national planners Consideration of environmental sustainability as a key component to national development Consideration of environmental sustainability as a key component to national development Integration of environmental sustainability into EDPRS Integration of environmental sustainability into EDPRS Significant and sustainable increase in national budget for environment and natural resources Significant and sustainable increase in national budget for environment and natural resources

12 Progress Studies have provided evidence that has been successful in advocacy for environmental sustainability Studies have provided evidence that has been successful in advocacy for environmental sustainability Sector guidelines have been used to guide logframe development to integrate environmental issues Sector guidelines have been used to guide logframe development to integrate environmental issues Environment is both a sector and a cross cutting issue Environment is both a sector and a cross cutting issue Reliable partnership with MINECOFIN (focal point to the environment sector and cross cutting issues group) has sustained visibility of environment sustainability as an essential ingredient to poverty reduction and economic growth Reliable partnership with MINECOFIN (focal point to the environment sector and cross cutting issues group) has sustained visibility of environment sustainability as an essential ingredient to poverty reduction and economic growth Media strategy has put environmental sustainability in the national spotlight, particularly in local communities – sharing of best practices between communities. Media strategy has put environmental sustainability in the national spotlight, particularly in local communities – sharing of best practices between communities.

13 Progress (contd) Environment Sector will be part of the PRSP drafting team Environment Sector will be part of the PRSP drafting team Increased donor support – Environment featured among five areas selected under UNDAF. Increased donor support – Environment featured among five areas selected under UNDAF.

14 Problems/Challenges District level participation has been inadequate – scaled down staff: Env. officer has other responsibilities District level participation has been inadequate – scaled down staff: Env. officer has other responsibilities Costing the Environment Sector is still a challenge – no appropriate model and little capacity in MINITERE/REMA Costing the Environment Sector is still a challenge – no appropriate model and little capacity in MINITERE/REMA EDPRS roadmap ambitious with communication challenges from MINECOFIN EDPRS roadmap ambitious with communication challenges from MINECOFIN Capacity issues in both GOR and UNDP country office, high workforce turn over rate Capacity issues in both GOR and UNDP country office, high workforce turn over rate High demand for the human capacity to work with the sectors in the mainstreaming High demand for the human capacity to work with the sectors in the mainstreaming

15 Problems/Challenges Inadequate data on environment/natural resourcesInadequate data on environment/natural resources Securing high quality consultancy outputsSecuring high quality consultancy outputs

16 Donor involvement/Co-ordination Environment Sector Working Group chaired by REMA and co-chaired by UNDP. Donor involvement: DFID, WHO, FAO, UNFPA, UNHCR, donor coordination unit, NGOs Environment Sector Working Group chaired by REMA and co-chaired by UNDP. Donor involvement: DFID, WHO, FAO, UNFPA, UNHCR, donor coordination unit, NGOs Cross cutting issues group co-chaired by DFID and has a broad range of donor representation (bi-lat. + UN, NGO) Cross cutting issues group co-chaired by DFID and has a broad range of donor representation (bi-lat. + UN, NGO) PEI chair on sub-group for Environment in CCI group PEI chair on sub-group for Environment in CCI group

17 Lessons Learned Planning Phase – strong involvement of national stakeholders and joint planning between UNEP, UNDP and GoR Planning Phase – strong involvement of national stakeholders and joint planning between UNEP, UNDP and GoR Capacity Building – on site and day-to- day, PMU located in implementing agency Capacity Building – on site and day-to- day, PMU located in implementing agency Operational funds as a test run for transition to full NEX project execution.Operational funds as a test run for transition to full NEX project execution. Flexibility in providing technical support to EDPRS process – PEI is structured around the EDPRS roadmap Flexibility in providing technical support to EDPRS process – PEI is structured around the EDPRS roadmap Data generated from field based studies recognized as a strong advocacy tool for environmental and NR sustainability Data generated from field based studies recognized as a strong advocacy tool for environmental and NR sustainability

18 Next Steps On-going technical support to EDPRS formulation process – main activity On-going technical support to EDPRS formulation process – main activity Economic analysis II: A more detailed analysis Economic analysis II: A more detailed analysis Development of PE indicators and M&E systems Development of PE indicators and M&E systems Support to Rwanda for post-conflict environmental assessment Support to Rwanda for post-conflict environmental assessment Production of detailed Lessons Learned report Production of detailed Lessons Learned report Development of PEI Phase II Development of PEI Phase II Capacity building phaseCapacity building phase Implementation of EDPRS; sector and district supportImplementation of EDPRS; sector and district support

19 Thank You Greetings & well wishes from Rwanda!

20 Main Activities - Illustration

21 Average monthly water stress of Bugesera/Karama ( ) Data source: MINAGRI/Projet Carte Pedologique du Rwanda, 1984 & ISAR Station Karama, 1990

22 Main Activities – Illustration: Average Annual Inflows of Households to Bugesera from within Rwanda ( )

23 Main Activities – Illustration


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