Presentation on theme: "Plan for the Aerospace e-Science"— Presentation transcript:
1Plan for the Aerospace e-Science Asia Pacific Advanced Network Meetinge-Science WorkshopAugust 27, 2003Cheol-Ho Lim, Director, SUDC, KARISeong-Wook Choi, SUDC, KARIKum-Won Cho, KISTIThanks Mr. Chairman for the kind introductionNow, I would like to give a presentation entitled ‘Plan for the Aerospace e-Science’.But if you could allow me, I’d like to introduce KARI before mypresentation.KARI is one of the 16 Government-funded Research Institutescontrolled by the Prime Ministry.We have 3 main R&D divisions, that is, aircraft division, satellitedivision, launching vehicle division, and 600 R&D & support personnel.The budget was approximately 120 million U.S. dollars last year.The big projects of KARI are Unmanned Aerial Vehicle(UAV)system,Korea Multipurpose Satellite(KOMSAT) system, and Korea SatelliteLaunching Vehicle(KSLV) system.
2Plan for the Aerospace e-Science CONTENTSBackgroundTrendObjectiveWork ScopeSystemBudgetDemonstration ProgramSmart UAV Development ProgramConclusionThe contents of this presentation are- the background of this plan- the worldwide technology trends- the objective- the work scope- the system- the budget of the aerospace e-science- and the demonstration program including the Smart UAV project- and the conclusion.(This contents may be slightly different from your proceedings.The demonstration program & smart UAV program parts were movedjust before the conclusion.)
3Plan for the Aerospace e-Science BACKGROUNDIT+ST -> Improvement of Engineering EnvironmentAerospace Technology requires large scale computing and data management -> Difficult to use Isolated resourcesNeed to Construct Network based Design & Analysis SystemProviding a Uniform Aerospace InfrastructureIntegration & Management of Aerospace Resources Located in Multiple Organizations and AreasFacilitating Human Collaboration in Aerospace FieldsRemote Access and Operation of Aerospace Facilities and InstrumentsIntroduction of Grid Technology to Manufacturing Fielde- Manufacturing, e-CAD/CAM …EuroGrid, GEODISE, DAME, NASA IPG …Increasing Aerospace Competitiveness by e-ScienceConversion of Existing Engineering Env. to New e-Science EnvNow, I’d like to explain the background of the aerospace e-Scienceprogram.From IT plus ST fusion technology, the improvement of the aerospaceengineering environment could be obtained, since- the aerospace technology requires large scale computing anddata management rather than isolated resources- So we need to construct the network based Design & AnalysisSystemAnd we want to provide a uniform aerospace infrastructure through- integration & management of the resources located in multipleorganizations & areas- and by facilitating the human collaboration- and using the remote access & operation of facilities & instrumentsWe need also to introduce the Grid technology to Manufacturingfields. Examples are e- Manufacturing, e-CAD/CAM ..,&EuroGrid, GEODISE, DAME, NASA IPG …Finally we want to increase the Aerospace Competitiveness byconverting the Existing Engineering Environment to the New e-Science Environment
4Plan for the Aerospace e-Science BACKGROUNDMOSTResearchInfrastructure(KBSI)National e-ScienceN*GridCore Technology(Middleware, Supercomputer, Network)MICAerospacee-Science(KARI)e-Astrophysics(KAO)…Bioe-Sciecne(KRIBB)Manufacturing(KIMM)The national e-Science includes- the research infrastructure of Korea Basic Science Institute- the Bio e-Science of Korea Research Institute of Bio-science & Bio-technology- the Aerospace e-Science of Korea Aerospace Research Institute- the e-Astrophysics of Korea Astronomy Observatory, and et cetera.This part is not yet initiated, and will be supported by the Ministry ofScience & Technology in near future.Another part already supported by the Ministry of Information &Communication is N*Grid infrastructure system.By developing this core technology such as middlewares,supercomputer, and network system, the e-Science system can becompleted.MOST: Ministry of Science and TechnologyMIC: Ministry of Information and Communication
5Plan for the Aerospace e-Science TREND (U.S.)Grid Services: Uniform access to distributed resourcesGrid Information ServiceUniform Resource AccessBrokeringGlobal QueuingGlobal Event ServicesCo-SchedulingData CataloguingUniform Data AccessCollaboration and Remote Instrument ServicesNetwork CacheCommunication ServicesAuthentication AuthorizationSecurity ServicesAuditingFault ManagementMonitoringARCSDSCLaRCGSFCKSCJSCBoeingNGIXNRENCMUGRCNTON-II/SuperNetNCSAEDCJPLMSFC300 node Condor poolIPG compute and data resourcesDARWIN/DREAM data server / portalmetadataWeb user interfaceinstrument data storageuser data accessauthenticationAmes Wind Tunnels:- National Full-Scale Aerodynamics Complex - 9x7 ft Supersonic and 11 ft Transonic - 12 ft PressureSDSC computeand data storage resourcesUsersNASA AmesNASA IPG(Information Power Grid)Environment of Real time Design, Manufacturing, Maintenance of Aircraft in Grid BaseDARWIN: Developmental Aeronautics RevolutionizingWind-tunnels with Intelligent Systems of NASADREAM: Distributed Remote Aeronautics ManagementsAs one of the worldwide trends of e-Science, the Information PowerGrid system of NASA in United States can be studied as an example.It can be defined as an environment of Real time Aircraft Design,Manufacturing, Maintenance in Grid Base.The right figure shows the NASA Ames research center having largescale experiments facilities such as wind tunnels.And the lower part shows San Diego Supercomputer Center doingvarious Grid services for many kinds of organizations like Boeing, JetPropulsion Laboratory, etc.(The users of NASA Ames can design their aircraft , for example, usingtheir experiments data, and many other organization’s analysis datathrough the Information Power Grid system.)
6Plan for the Aerospace e-Science TREND (U.K.)GEODISE, DAMEGEODISE : Grid based Aircraft Multi-discipline Optimal Design SystemDAME : Grid based Real-time Aircraft Operation and Maintenance SystemIn flight dataAirlineMaintenance CentreGround StationGlobal NetworkInternet, , pagerDS&S Engine Health CenterData centreIn United Kingdom, they have similar concept as NASA.The upper figure shows the GEODISE system for grid based aircraftmultidiscipline optimal design utilized in Rolls Royce.The lower figure shows the DAME system of the British Airways.The Grid based real-time aircraft operation and maintenance systemis applied by networking the computers of an aircraft,engine health center, maintenance center, and airline head quarter.GEODISE: Grid Enabled Optimizationand Design Search for EngineeringDAME: Distributed AircraftMaintenance Environments
7Plan for the Aerospace e-Science TREND (JAPAN)ITBL(Information Technology Based Laboratory)Grid Based Supersonic Aircraft DesignNAL: National Aerospace LaboratoryNIMS: National Institute for Materials ScienceJST: Japan Science and Technology CorporationJAERI: Japan Atomic Energy Research InstituteIn Japan, there are many information technology based laboratories.Grid based supersonic aircraft design in National Aerospace Lab.Full cell research in the Institute of Physical & Chemical Research(Riken) ,Materials Design in National Institute of Materials Science, and JapanScience & Technology Corporation.Regional Environment Research in Japan Atomic Energy ResearchInstitute
8Plan for the Aerospace e-Science OBJECTIVEConstruction of Aerospace e-ScienceConstruction of Design/Analysis Network for Aerospace Vehicle Based on National Grid SystemCollaborative Use of Aerospace Test Facilities and Equipments Dispersed in Organizations and Areas (Institute, Industry, Academia)Construction of Infrastructure for Collaborative Use of Information and Database for Aerospace Vehicle Design/AnalysisFrom now, I’m going to talk about the Aerospace e-Science Plan inKorea.The objectives of Aerospace e-Science could be defined as threeitems.The first is the “Construction of Design and Analysis Network forAerospace Vehicle Based on National Grid System”.The second is the “Collaborative Use of Aerospace Test Facilities andEquipment Dispersed in Organizations and Areas such as Institute,Industry, Academia, etc.And, the third is the “Construction of Infrastructure for CollaborativeUse of Information and Database for Aerospace Vehicle Design andAnalysis”.
9Plan for the Aerospace e-Science WORK SCOPESUB-OBJECTIVEWORK SCOPEAerospace Vehicle Design/Analysis NetworkConstruction of Base for Integrated Optimal DesignConstruction of Base for Aero/Stru/Prop/Cont. AnalysisConstruction of Visualization SystemConstruction of User Interface (Middleware)Infrastructure for Collaborative Use of Test Facilities and EquipmentsConstruction of Online DB for Aerospace Test FacilityConstruction of Base for Remote Access & Use ofAerospace Test FacilityInfrastructure for Collaborative Use of Information on Design/AnalysisBuild-up DB for Vehicle DesignBuild-up Online DB for Technical InformationBuild-up DB for Law and Spec. of Aerospace VehicleBuild-up DB for Parts of Aerospace VehicleConstruction of Online Data CenterOn the basis of three sub-objectives mentioned before, the majorwork scopes are described in this table.The work scope for the Aerospace Vehicle Design/Analysis Networkare,- Construction of Base for Integrated Optimal Design,- Base for Aerodynamics/Structure/Propulsion/Control Analysis,- Visualization System,- and User Interface so called Middleware.For Infrastructure for Collaborative Use of Test Facilities andEquipment are- Construction of Online DB for Aerospace Test Facility,- and Base for Remote Access and Use of Aerospace Test Facility.For Infrastructure for Collaborative Use of Information on Designand Analysis are,- Build-up DB for Vehicle Design,- Online DB for Technical Information,- DB for Law and Specification of Aerospace Vehicle,- and Parts of Aerospace Vehicle Construction of Online DataCenter.
10AEROSPACE ORGs in KOREA Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceAEROSPACE ORGs in KOREAResearch InstituteKARI, ADDIndustryKAI, Small Companies..AcademiaSNU, KAIST, …In general, the aerospace organizations could be classified threecategories such as research institute, Industry, and Academia.As research institute, there are KARI(Korea Aerospace ResearchInstitute) for civilian research, and ADD(Agency for DefenseDevelopment) for military research.There are KAI(Korea Aerospace Industry), Samsung Techwin, LGInnotek and several small companies as industry.As Academia having Aerospace Department, there are over tenUniversities such as Seoul National University, KAIST, and etc.
11Plan for the Aerospace e-Science AEROSPACE RESOURCEKISTISupercomputerTest FacilityHuman ResourceA/C Design DBApplication S/WThis figure shows various aerospace resources which will be basis forthe Aerospace e-Science.We have lots of test facilities, aircraft design database, applicationsoftware, supercomputers ,and human resources which aredispersed in many kinds of organizations and areas.All these resources will be linked by high-speed network.High-Speed Network
12Plan for the Aerospace e-Science SYSTEMA/C DesignCodeAEROSPACEe-ScienceTest FacilityComputing H/WDesign ToolAnalysis ToolAircraft Design DBUSERInformationHuman ResourceVisualizationOnline DBCenterCFDPerformanceLaw, SpecSuper-ComClusterWind-tunnelEngine Test Cell…This figure shows the overall structure of Aerospace e-Science System.A user can access Aerospace e-Science and utilize various kind ofaerospace resources such as design tool, analysis tool, design database, computing hardware, visualization, test facility, etc..Moreover, if this system will be extended to the abroad organizations,the user can use worldwide aerospace resources.CAVE (VR)High-SpeedNetworkU.S., EURO, JAPAN…
13Plan for the Aerospace e-Science PLAN for BUDGETUnit : US M$YEARSUB-OBJECTIVE20042005200620072008SUMDesign/Analysis Network4.05.64.83.22.420.0Collaborative Use of Test Facilities188.8.131.52Collaborative Use of Information on Design/Analysis12.08.011.29.66.441.0This table shows the budget plan for our Aerospace e-Science.This budget is just for proposal, not confirmed yet.According to the plan for budget,- twenty million US dollars for the construction of Design/AnalysisNetwork System,- nine million dollars for the Collaborative Use of Test Facilities,- and twelve million dollars for the Collaborative Use of Informationon Design/Analysis.The total budget is forty-one million dollars for the five years projectperiod.
14DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceDEMONSTRATION PROGRAMDemonstration Programs in National Grid Project (N*Grid)Grid Base Virtual Wind-tunnel : KAIST, KISTI, KARIGrid Base Analysis of Strap-on Stage Separation : SNU, KISTIGrid Base LES/DNS : PNU, KISTIGrid Base Analysis of Large Scale Aerospace Structure : SNU, KISTIFrom now, I’d like to mention the several demonstration programs ofthe National Grid Project called N*GRID in Korea.- Grid based virtual wind-tunnel in KAIST, KISTI, and KARI,- Grid based Analysis of strap-on stage separation of launch vehiclein SNU, KISTI, and KARI,- Grid based Large Eddy Simulation, Direct Numerical Simulation inPOSTECH, and KISTI,- Grid based analysis of large scale aerospace structure in SNU, andKARI,
15N*Grid Infrastructure Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceN*Grid InfrastructureEquipmentN* GridUser InteractionInput HandlingParameter UpdateSEOULUser InterfaceCollaborative EnvironmentSUWONHuge Scale SimulationSupercomputerPreprocess DataJob SubmissionSimulation ProgramCHEONJUDAEJONClusterPOHANGKWANGJUScientific VisualizationPUSANN*GRID infrastructure consists of supercomputers, Clusters,Storage Devices, and simulation programs in KISTI, and very highspeed networks to Seoul, Kwangju, Pusan ,etc. from Daejeon.The users in universities, research institutes, and industries with theirexperiments facilities and computer system can exchange theirsimulation and experiment data to design an aircraftStorage Device
16Plan for the Aerospace e-Science Preliminary ResultsComputational Fluid dynamics based N*Grid Test-bedChonbuk N. Univ.: IBM SP2KISTI: Compaq GS320DFVLR Axial FanSeoulDaejonFull Body AirplaneKREONet2PohangGlobus/MPICH-G2As the preliminary efforts of N*GRID program, the computational fluiddynamics test-bed was built up.An aircraft configuration was generated in Cheonbuk NationalUniversity, and a CFD analysis was done in Pusan National University,And an axial fan analysis was performed in POSTECH using clusters inKISTI.ChonbukPusan
17DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM (1) Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceDEMONSTRATION PROGRAM (1)Development of Optimal Configuration Design Technology using Virtual Wind-tunnelResultsBuild-up Application Test-bed for Aerospace FieldBuild-up Grid PortalGrid based Flow Analysis on Korean Launch VehicleApplied TechnologyConstruction of Test-bed using GLOBUS Tool-kit and MPICH-G2Construction Portal using Aerospace Pre/Post ProcessorFlow Analysis on the Korean Launch Vehicle using Grid Based Domain Decomposition MethodAs shown in the previous slide, the optimal configuration design usingvirtual wind tunnel was developed as a demonstration program.The outputs of this program were- Build-up of the application test-bed for aerospace field- Build-up of Grid Portal- Flow analysis of launch vehicleThe applied technology for this program were- to construct a test-bed using GLOBUS toolkit and MPICH-G2- to construct the Portal using aerospace pre- and post-processor- to perform CFD analysis a launch vehicle using grid based domaindecomposition method
18DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM (1) Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceDEMONSTRATION PROGRAM (1)KAISTKISTI1Gbps100Mbps100MbpsVenusPentium IV 2.0GHz64 nodesHeadPentium IV 2.4GHz25 nodesPerformance of flow analysis (venus+head)- RAE 2822 Airfoil: N-S Simulation, 8 CPUTo validate the performance of e-Science environments, the three-dimensional aerodynamic problem was solved.The upper left figure shows constructed test bed located in KISTIand KAIST.(These clusters with 64 nodes in KISTI and with 25 nodes in KAIST, areinstalled using Globus toolkit 2.2 and the network is KREONet2,1Gbps bandwidth.)And the upper right figure shows the real performance, in which theperformance is not degraded significantly, although the WAN(Wide Area Network) was used.Lower figures show the results of before and after design optimization.Before OptimizationAfter OptimizationAirfoil shape: 65% span stationSurface pressure contours: 65% span station
19DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM (2) Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceDEMONSTRATION PROGRAM (2)Grid Base Analysis of Large Scale Aerospace StructureResultsConstruction of Grid Test-bed (256CPU)Structure Analysis using VDD Grid SystemApplied TechnologyConstruction of Campus Grid using PC-ClusterPerformance Analysis and Load Balancing using Grid Communication LibraryVDD: Virtual Design & DevelopmentThe grid based analysis of large scale aerospace structure is thesecond results using e-Science environments.The outputs are the construction of Grid test bed with 256 CPUsand a structural analysis using Virtual Design & Development Gridsystem.
20DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM (2) Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceDEMONSTRATION PROGRAM (2)Cluster SystemDistributedPC Farm 1Design TerminalPegasus SupercomputerUserPoolDataVDD GRIDSystemLarge-scalesimulation(Computing Grid)Virtual DesignSNU NetworkGrid Entry point(GUI + Python)PC Farm 2Departmental Computing GridWeb InterfaceUsing the Campus Grid cluster system, and VDD(Virtual Design andDevelopment) software system of Seoul National University,a large scale simulation and virtual design of Mindlin plate structuresystem were performed efficiently.Simulation of Mindlin Plate
21DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM (3) Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceDEMONSTRATION PROGRAM (3)Grid Base Analysis of Large Scale Aerospace StructureResultsConstruction of Grid Test-bedApplied TechnologyParallelized LBM(Lattice Boltzmann Method) using MPICH-G2Performance Analysis of International Grid Test-bedThe Grid based acoustic analysis of large scale aerospace structuresystem is the third demonstration program of e-Science test bed.By the parallelized LBM(Lattice Boltzmann Method) using MPICH-G2,the performance analysis of international Grid test bed was donesuccessfully.
22DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM (3) Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceDEMONSTRATION PROGRAM (3)■ Generation of sound■ Pressure FluctuationTo extend the e-science environments, the test bed of KISTI andPNU(Pusan National University) was connected to the NCSA(NationalCenter for Supercomputing Applications) in U.S. using KREONET2 andSTARTAP network system.And, an acoustic simulation with LES(Large Eddy Simulation)technology is performed using this international test bed.Left figures show the test bed of e-Science, and right figures showthe simulation results like pressure fluctuation.■ Red color: positive sound pressure, blue color: negative sound pressure
23SMART UAV DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceSMART UAV DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMProgram OverviewProgram Director : Cheol-Ho Lim, Dr. IngR&D Period : –R&D Fund : Total 120 M$ USDSponsoring Ministry : Ministry of Science & TechnologyR&D StageNow, I’m going to introduce Smart UAV Development Program.The Smart UAV Project is also one of the demonstration program ofR&D Grid system. And e-Science program will support the smartUAV Development project in near future.The Smart UAV Development Program, as one of the 21c Frontier R&DProgram sponsored by MOST(Ministry of Science and Technology),was launched in last year and will be completed in 2012.As shown in this figure, the development phase can be classified asthree R&D stage,- Development of Advanced Air Vehicle- Development of Advanced Unmanned Air Vehicle- and, Development of Smart Unmanned Air Vehicle
24SMART UAV DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceSMART UAV DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMDevelopment of Advanced High Speed VTOL UAV Embedding Smart TechnologyExisting UAVSmart UAVLow SafetyHigh Operating CostRunway DependentCollision RiskSafety a good as CommuterCost less than half of Helicopter’sVertical Takeoff and LadingCollision AvoidanceSmart TechnologyThe objective of Smart UAV program is to develop an Advanced HighSpeed VTOL(Vertical Take-off and Landing) UAV(Unmanned AerialVehicle) system embedding Smart Technology.The future Smart UAV system will overcome the limitations of theexisting UAV - Low Safety, High Operating Cost, Runway Dependent,and Collision Risk.Therefore, the Smart UAV system will have the same safety level asCommuter airplane, and the operation cost less than Helicopter’s,and Vertical Takeoff and Lading, and Collision Avoidancecapabilities.Fully Autonomous FlightCollision AvoidanceHealth MonitoringSelf RestoringActive Flow & Noise ControlSmart Material & Structure
25SMART UAV DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceSMART UAV DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMTechnology SchemeMission PayloadGCSCOMMILSSMART UAVFBG/EFPI Hybrid SensorActive Separation ControlSmart Active Blade TipSMARCMEMSSMART TECHNOLOGYSmart UAV SystemSmart TechnologyCollision avoidsystemIntelligentControlThese two figures show a Smart UAV System and Smart Technology.The Smart UAV System is composed of a few Air Vehicles, missionpayload, GSS(Ground Support System), GCS(Ground ControlSystem), and Communication system.And the Smart Technology means these various innovative items suchas intelligent control, collision avoid, active separation control, smartmaterials, etc.
26SMART UAV DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceSMART UAV DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMResearch and Development SchemeSmart Technology Spin-Offs(Aerospace,Transportation, IT, AI, Micro Device/Mechatronics …)UAV Market(Public, Private, Commercial)KARI SUDCGovernmentAcademyInstituteIndustryInternationalCooperationPartnerDomesticThis is the Research and Development Scheme of the Smart UAVProgram.KARI is main contractor of the program.And, this program is designed to have fully cooperative works not onlywith domestic academia, research institute, and industry in Korea,but also with international partners.This program is aiming for worldwide UAV market, and also for thespin-off technology of the Smart technology gained through thisprogram to other technology fields like transportation , ArtificialIntelligence, mechatronics, etc.
27SMART UAV DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Plan for the Aerospace e-ScienceSMART UAV DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMApplication of R&D Grid SystemCollaborative Use of Various Resources -> Overcome Limitation of R&D Resource and Reduction of R&D CostCollaborative Use of Network, Super-com, Test Facility DispersedConnection with National Grid Program of KISTISUPER-COMFACILITTYS/WD/BINSTITUTEACADEMIASUDCNetworkGRIDThis slide shows the plan for the construction of the Grid System forSmart UAV Program.By Collaborative Use of Various Resources shown in this figure, we canovercome the limitations of R&D Resource and reduce R&D Cost.The collaborative use of Network, Super-computer, and Test Facilitydispersed in various organizations and areas will be possible.INDUSTRYSmart UAV R&D Grid
28Plan for the Aerospace e-Science CONCLUSIONSAircraft Development is System Integration -> Optimal Model for e- Science Application !!Check-up Possibility of IT+ST through Demonstration Program 2002~2003Reduction of R&D Cost by Sharing Resources Dispersed in Industry, Institute, and AcademiaUtilizing Aerospace Vehicle Design/Analysis Technology by e- Science for National Aerospace ProjectsDramatic Reduction of Aircraft Development Time by enabling Multi-discipline Analysis and DesignActive Application of e-Science to Smart UAV Development ProgramProviding Leading Model of e-Science to other area such as Shipbuilding, Automobile, Architecture,…)Here, I’d like to summarize my presentation with mentioning potentialimpacts by Aerospace e-Science.As known well, the aircraft development is typical system integrationprocess which can be optimal model for e-Science applicationThe possibility of IT plus ST fusion technology could be checkedthrough the several demonstration programs introduced in thispresentation.Aerospace e-Science can reduce R&D Cost by Sharing ResourcesDispersed in Industry, Institute, and Academia.We performed the Aerospace Vehicle Design/Analysis by e-ScienceTechnology for National Aerospace Projects.Aircraft Development Time can be reduced by Multi-disciplineAnalysis and Design of Aerospace e-Science.We have plan for the active application of Aerospace e-Sciencesystem to the Smart UAV Development.Aerospace e-Science can provide also a leading model of e-Scienceto other area such as Shipbuilding, Automobile, Architecture, etc.This is conclusion of my presentation.Thank you very much for your attention.