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Flavio Corsin NACA experiences on better management, surveillance and traceability.

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Presentation on theme: "Flavio Corsin NACA experiences on better management, surveillance and traceability."— Presentation transcript:

1 Flavio Corsin NACA experiences on better management, surveillance and traceability

2 Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific Australia Bangladesh Cambodia China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia I.R. Iran Korea (DPR) Malaysia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Philippines Sri Lanka Thailand Vietnam Promote rural development through sustainable aquaculture

3 Aquaculture worldwide Fastest growing food producing sector Fastest growing food producing sector Accounts for more than 1/3 of total fisheries sector Accounts for more than 1/3 of total fisheries sector 146 mmt 91 mmt 55 mmt

4 Aquaculture in Asia-Pacific 90% of world aquaculture production! 90% of world aquaculture production! Huge economic importance Huge economic importance Major foreign currency earner Major foreign currency earner Food consumption and security Food consumption and security 2/3 of fisheries products available for consumption are consumed in Asia! 2/3 of fisheries products available for consumption are consumed in Asia! Employment Employment about 20 million people full-time about 20 million people full-time One important example: shrimp farming

5 Shrimp farming Global shrimp production (in 2003) Global shrimp production (in 2003) 1.8 million metric tons 1.8 million metric tons Valued USD 9.3 billion Valued USD 9.3 billion Asia produced (in 2003) Asia produced (in 2003) 1.5 m.m.t. (83% of the global production) 1.5 m.m.t. (83% of the global production) Valued USD 7.8 billion Valued USD 7.8 billion Rapidly growing in recent years Rapidly growing in recent years China 3.4-fold increase (19982003) China 3.4-fold increase (19982003) Vietnam 4.5-fold increase (19982003) Vietnam 4.5-fold increase (19982003)

6 Global shrimp production

7 Major challenges New diseases with old impacts New diseases with old impacts Environmental degradation Environmental degradation Self-pollution Self-pollution Deterioration of resources (e.g. salinization) Deterioration of resources (e.g. salinization) Increasingly stringent markets Increasingly stringent markets Healthier products (limit antibiotic residues) Healthier products (limit antibiotic residues) Traceability Traceability Antidumping Antidumping Allegations for poor socio-economical sustainability Allegations for poor socio-economical sustainability Declining prices paid to farmers Declining prices paid to farmers

8 Need for better = more sustainable ways to do shrimp farming!

9 Responsible shrimp farming FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries Principles for responsible shrimp farming Principles for responsible shrimp farming Consortium program (1999) (NACA, WB, WWF, FAO, UNEP, …) Consortium program (1999) (NACA, WB, WWF, FAO, UNEP, …) NACA supports implementation of principles by: NACA supports implementation of principles by: promoting Better Management Practices (BMP) to farmers and through the whole supply chain promoting Better Management Practices (BMP) to farmers and through the whole supply chain Supporting countries to develop systems in support to BMP implementation (national strategies, surveillance) Supporting countries to develop systems in support to BMP implementation (national strategies, surveillance)

10 Better Management Practices BMP are practices that target: BMP are practices that target: Environment protection Environment protection Improved shrimp health Improved shrimp health Improved food safety Improved food safety Socio-economic sustainability Socio-economic sustainability Profitable farming Profitable farming

11 Better Management Practices Simple Simple Practical Practical Cost-effective Cost-effective Applicable by all, especially small-scale farmers Applicable by all, especially small-scale farmers System/time specific System/time specific

12 Better Management Practices Focus on working in groups Focus on working in groups Reduced risk of failure (seed selection, water management) Reduced risk of failure (seed selection, water management) Increased trading power (buying seed, selling product) Increased trading power (buying seed, selling product) Include compliance to systems Include compliance to systems Surveillance & contingency planning Surveillance & contingency planning Traceability (record keeping) Traceability (record keeping)

13 Surveillance system & Contingency planning A system to: A system to: Detect emergencies quickly and accurately Detect emergencies quickly and accurately Allow sharing of info with all stakeholders involved Allow sharing of info with all stakeholders involved Extension workers Extension workers Other farming communities Other farming communities Local & national authorities Local & national authorities Researchers/diagnostic laboratories Researchers/diagnostic laboratories Allow a prompt reaction to the information Allow a prompt reaction to the information Disease control Disease control Disease prevention in areas not yet affected (early warning) Disease prevention in areas not yet affected (early warning) Allow collection of accurate info on production Allow collection of accurate info on production Must be cost effective and affordable by all Must be cost effective and affordable by all Must have ownership by all Must have ownership by all NACA/FAO/OIE regional reporting system NACA/FAO/OIE regional reporting system

14 Traceability Requirement of importing countries (EU, US,…) Requirement of importing countries (EU, US,…) Food safety Food safety Bioterrorisms Bioterrorisms Record keeping is critical Record keeping is critical Concerns about small-scale producers Concerns about small-scale producers But also opportunities for small-scale producers in creating links between consumers and producers, for the benefit of both? But also opportunities for small-scale producers in creating links between consumers and producers, for the benefit of both? All Edible products, despite of their origin, will have to be accompanied by detailed information on source, production system and processing procedures so as to make consumers, sanitary and inspection institutions able to follow back and forward (one step each direction) the distribution stream of the product

15 NACA Pilot projects Started in India Started in India Strong program in Vietnam Strong program in Vietnam Also other countries Also other countries Indonesia Indonesia Thailand Thailand Iran Iran Mainly working with shrimp but also marine fish and other commodities (not for export) Mainly working with shrimp but also marine fish and other commodities (not for export)

16 Started in 2001 in 1 state Started in 2001 in 1 state Now >1000 ponds (650ha) in 5 states Now >1000 ponds (650ha) in 5 states Government promoted Government promoted Aquaclubs Aquaclubs Contract hatcheries Contract hatcheries Over the years Over the years Better yield (by 30%) Better yield (by 30%) Reduced diseases (by 60%) Reduced diseases (by 60%) Sometimes reduced cost of production! Sometimes reduced cost of production! Better quality product Better quality product Now exploring traceability & market access for BMP products Now exploring traceability & market access for BMP products NACA Pilot projects - India

17 NACA Pilot projects - Viet Nam BMP program started in 2004 with about 300 farmers (Danish government funded) BMP program started in 2004 with about 300 farmers (Danish government funded) Now incorporated into government efforts: country-wide dissemination! Now incorporated into government efforts: country-wide dissemination! Activities at all levels (farmers, authorities,…) Activities at all levels (farmers, authorities,…) Farm results Farm results Lower risk of diseases Lower risk of diseases Higher yield Higher yield Improved probability of making a profit Improved probability of making a profit Good quality product Good quality product Authorities (local, national) Authorities (local, national) Develop legislation and extension material Develop legislation and extension material Develop strategies and systems (surveillance, traceability…) Develop strategies and systems (surveillance, traceability…)

18 Viet Nam – Surveillance system Use mobile phones to send coded SMS to a centralized database Use mobile phones to send coded SMS to a centralized database Web-based access to data Web-based access to data Piloted in 5 provinces Piloted in 5 provinces 34 communes & enumerators 34 communes & enumerators 20 ponds/commune (total 680 ponds) 20 ponds/commune (total 680 ponds) Accurate information recorded Accurate information recorded Some problems in getting feedback Some problems in getting feedback Will use GIS Will use GIS Vietnam very interested in continuing Vietnam very interested in continuing

19 Vietnam - Traceability Based on record keeping Based on record keeping Pond books designed to fit farmer requirements Pond books designed to fit farmer requirements Accurate data collected but not yet sent to database Accurate data collected but not yet sent to database Other projects piloted use of mobile phones Other projects piloted use of mobile phones Small scale farmers must be able to comply! Small scale farmers must be able to comply!

20 Vietnam - OASIS BMP – Surveillance – Traceability BMP – Surveillance – Traceability All can come together: farmer groups/OASIS All can come together: farmer groups/OASIS One-stop Aquaculture Shop and Info System One-stop Aquaculture Shop and Info System Farmers OASIS Surveillance & Traceability info BMP material Market info Aqua inputs

21 How can APAN help? Provide network of expertise for: Provide network of expertise for: Developing surveillance and traceability systems Developing surveillance and traceability systems Developing robust system to provide farmers with information (extension, market, …) Developing robust system to provide farmers with information (extension, market, …) Use EM data in support to sustainable aquaculture development (where? when?) Use EM data in support to sustainable aquaculture development (where? when?) Also links on capture fisheries Also links on capture fisheries NACA eager to collaborate & provide aquaculture expertise through its regional links NACA eager to collaborate & provide aquaculture expertise through its regional links

22 Thank you Merbani Danyavad Dhanyabaad Kamsahamnida Arigato Khawp khun Khawp jai Ar kun Terima kasih Cam onNandri Xie xie Salamat Chezu tinbade Istuti Merci


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