Presentation on theme: "NACA experiences on better management, surveillance and traceability"— Presentation transcript:
1NACA experiences on better management, surveillance and traceability Flavio Corsin
2Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific Australia Bangladesh Cambodia China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia I.R. Iran Korea (DPR)Malaysia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Philippines Sri Lanka Thailand VietnamPromote rural development through sustainable aquaculture
3Aquaculture worldwide Fastest growing food producing sectorAccounts for more than 1/3 of total fisheries sector146 mmt91 mmt55 mmt
4Aquaculture in Asia-Pacific 90% of world aquaculture production!Huge economic importanceMajor foreign currency earnerFood consumption and security2/3 of fisheries products available for consumption are consumed in Asia!Employmentabout 20 million people full-timeOne important example: shrimp farming
5Shrimp farming Global shrimp production (in 2003) 1.8 million metric tonsValued USD 9.3 billionAsia produced (in 2003)1.5 m.m.t. (83% of the global production)Valued USD 7.8 billionRapidly growing in recent yearsChina 3.4-fold increase (1998→2003)Vietnam 4.5-fold increase (1998→2003)
7Major challenges New diseases with old impacts Environmental degradationSelf-pollutionDeterioration of resources (e.g. salinization)Increasingly stringent marketsHealthier products (limit antibiotic residues)TraceabilityAntidumpingAllegations for poor socio-economical sustainabilityDeclining prices paid to farmers
8Need for better = more sustainable ways to do shrimp farming!
9Responsible shrimp farming FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible FisheriesPrinciples for responsible shrimp farmingConsortium program (1999) (NACA, WB, WWF, FAO, UNEP, …)NACA supports implementation of principles by:promoting Better Management Practices (BMP) to farmers and through the whole supply chainSupporting countries to develop systems in support to BMP implementation (national strategies, surveillance)
10Better Management Practices BMP are practices that target:Environment protectionImproved shrimp healthImproved food safetySocio-economic sustainabilityProfitable farming
11Better Management Practices SimplePracticalCost-effectiveApplicable by all, especially small-scale farmersSystem/time specific
12Better Management Practices Focus on working in groupsReduced risk of failure (seed selection, water management)Increased trading power (buying seed, selling product)Include compliance to systemsSurveillance & contingency planningTraceability (record keeping)
13Surveillance system & Contingency planning A system to:Detect emergencies quickly and accuratelyAllow sharing of info with all stakeholders involvedExtension workersOther farming communitiesLocal & national authoritiesResearchers/diagnostic laboratoriesAllow a prompt reaction to the informationDisease controlDisease prevention in areas not yet affected (early warning)Allow collection of accurate info on productionMust be cost effective and affordable by allMust have “ownership” by allNACA/FAO/OIE regional reporting system
14Traceability Requirement of importing countries (EU, US,…) All Edible products, despite of their origin, will have to be accompanied by detailed information on source, production system and processing procedures so as to make consumers, sanitary and inspection institutions able to follow back and forward (one step each direction) the distribution stream of the productRequirement of importing countries (EU, US,…)Food safetyBioterrorismsRecord keeping is criticalConcerns about small-scale producersBut also opportunities for small-scale producers in creating links between consumers and producers, for the benefit of both?
15NACA Pilot projects Started in India Strong program in Vietnam Also other countriesIndonesiaThailandIranMainly working with shrimp but also marine fish and other commodities (not for export)
16NACA Pilot projects - India Started in 2001 in 1 stateNow >1000 ponds (650ha) in 5 statesGovernment promotedAquaclubsContract hatcheriesOver the yearsBetter yield (by 30%)Reduced diseases (by 60%)Sometimes reduced cost of production!Better quality productNow exploring traceability & market access for BMP products
17NACA Pilot projects - Viet Nam BMP program started in 2004 with about 300 farmers (Danish government funded)Now incorporated into government efforts: country-wide dissemination!Activities at all levels (farmers, authorities,…)Farm resultsLower risk of diseasesHigher yieldImproved probability of making a profitGood quality productAuthorities (local, national)Develop legislation and extension materialDevelop strategies and systems (surveillance, traceability…)
18Viet Nam – Surveillance system Use mobile phones to send coded SMS to a centralized databaseWeb-based access to dataPiloted in 5 provinces34 communes & enumerators20 ponds/commune (total 680 ponds)Accurate information recordedSome problems in getting feedbackWill use GISVietnam very interested in continuing
19Vietnam - Traceability Based on record keepingPond books designed to fit farmer requirementsAccurate data collected but not yet sent to databaseOther projects piloted use of mobile phonesSmall scale farmers must be able to comply!
20Vietnam - OASIS BMP – Surveillance – Traceability All can come together: farmer groups/OASISOne-stop Aquaculture Shop and Info SystemBMP material Market info Aqua inputsSurveillance & Traceability infoOASISFarmersFarmersFarmersFarmers
21How can APAN help? Provide network of expertise for: Developing surveillance and traceability systemsDeveloping robust system to provide farmers with information (extension , market, …)Use EM data in support to sustainable aquaculture development (where? when?)Also links on capture fisheriesNACA eager to collaborate & provide aquaculture expertise through its regional links
22Thank you Chezu tinbade Xie xie Terima kasih Danyavad Ar kun Salamat Cam onNandriMerciThank youKhawp jaiMerbaniDhanyabaadArigatoIstutiKhawp khunKamsahamnida