5 “It is better to be crazy than to die...” A Nepali Proverb“It is better to be crazy than to die...”If you want to do some thing good without money you have to work like crazy and try everything else.
6 Agenda Community Development Projects Goals and Benefits of Wireless Network ProjectGraphical Overview of Villages of NepalTechnology SetupWireless Network Project Implementation PhasesWireless Network usageElectrical Power ManagementBusiness ModelAssistance in Other Wireless ProjectsBusiness Partners
7 My Involvement in Community Development Projects Education:K -12 high school. Plan is to build a college by 2015.Healthcare:Health training program for the rural health workers.Income Generating ProgramsYak FarmingPoultry, Duck, Rabbit FarmingFisheryBee FarmingCheese ProductionCamping Grounds/ Tourist LodgeNature Conservation and Environment Protection Programs
8 My Involvement in Wireless Network Services There are 8,000 villages in Nepal with more than 15 million people living in rural areas of Nepal.So far we have connected:35 villages in 7 DistrictsApproximate population of 60,00020 High Schools with about 4,500 StudentsThere is a long way to go…WE ARE WORKING TO CONNECT ALL THE VILLAGES IN NEPAL.
9 Goals and Objectives of the Wireless Network Project EducationIncrease opportunities in community schools bycreating a live tele-teaching programproviding contents in local languages to the students and villagersHealthcareestablish a tele-hospital in urban area and link it to the district level hospitals and rural health centersprovide medical assistances to the villagers through telemedicine programCommunicationincrease communication facilities in the isolated rural areas by providingVoIP phonevideo conferencing facilitiesbulletin boardinternet services
10 Goals and Objectives of the Wireless Network Project Local e-Commercehelp villagers sell and buy their products in the local market through local intranet and internetJobs and Business Opportunitiesgenerate jobs for younger generation locally throughremittance servicesVoIP phone servicescredit card transaction servicessecretarial services (photo copy, photo print, document print)e-Governance (Future goal)empower local and district governmentslaunch e-governance program by helping district headquarters set up a district data centerconnect data centers to the local governments
11 Implementation Phases Pilot Phase (Year 2002) started with the technical support of foreign volunteers.2 villages were connectedProject was started without money and technical knowledgeWe had to work on a phased approach with the help of international volunteers.
12 Implementation Phases Phase I (Year 2003)5 villages connectedFinancial support by Donald Strauss Foundation that came through Mark Michalaski, the undergraduate student of the Univeristy of California at Los AngelesTechnical support of international volunteers
13 Implementation Phases Phase II (Year 2005)7 villages connectedFinancial support by the Poverty Alleviation Fund - Nepal (funded by World Bank)Project was implemented at the peak of the political conflict in Nepal
14 Implementation Phases Current State22 villages connected in Myagdi, Kaski and Parbat Districts
15 See how the villages look like Nangi VillageAltitude - 2,360mPopulation 780Within project areas, Nangi is the hub of wireless network and other community development activities.
16 See how the villages look like Tikot VillageAltitude - 2,250mPopulation - 845
17 Villages of NepalPaudwar VillageAltitude - 2,180mPopulation – 2,250
18 Villages of NepalShikha VillageAltitude - 2,145mPopulation – 1,200
19 Villages of NepalGharamdi VillageAltitude – 2,100mPopulation – 700
20 Transport Technology Details 2.4 GHz Wi-fi radios (802.11b/g) produced by different manufacturers5.8 GHz Motorola Canopies for backhaul19 dBi homemade grid antennas24 dBi grid antennasLinksys RoutersSwitches of different brands
28 Wireless Network Usage Healthcare: Tele-MedicineLila Pun, a village worker in Nangi talking to doctor in city hospital
29 Wireless Network Usage Communications: Communication CenterVillagers of Khibang reading online newspaper
30 Wireless Network Usage News and Bulletin: Nepal Wireless Local Homepage
31 Wireless Network Usage News and Bulletin: Nepal Wireless Local Webpage
32 Electrical Power Management Power from Main grid line in some villages and some villages have power from micro hydro generatorsSolar Power at the relay stations and five villagesWind and bicycle generator at relay stations for back up in monsoon seasonDeep Cycle Batteries for storage
33 Electrical Power Management Relay Station 1 and 2 at an elevation of 10,500 ft and 11,800 ftOperated by solar power
34 Electrical Power Management Bicycle and Wind Generator at the Relay StationUsed as a back-up power in monsoon
35 Exisiting Revenue Streams of the village centers for sustainability Business ModelExisiting Revenue Streams of the village centers for sustainabilityInternet usage fee on hourly basisMonthly fee to the teachers and studentsTelephone call feesPhotocopying, photo printing etc. feesRemittance service feesComputer training fees in some villagesRevenue Streams for the project~10% to 15% additional charges for the tele-centers telephone billMonthly fee to the rural tele-centers for Internet connectivity; current charges range between $10 to $25 per month per villageRemittance and credit card transaction services fees
36 Some of the jobs created by the project Business ModelSome of the jobs created by the projectProject has created some full-time and part-time jobs as well as some volunteer opportunitiesBusiness opportunities for wireless equipment, computer and accessories
37 Assistance in Other Wireless Projects Project helped other wireless projects in different parts of NepalMakawanpur Network financially supported by the District Government and the Member of Parliament.Dolakha Wireless Network supported by Katmandu Model HospitalPalpa Wireless Network financially supported by Winrock InternationalsBajhang Network Supported by Poverty Alleviation Fund – NepalImja Wireless Network supported by Keio University – Japan for monitoring Imja Galcial lake.
38 Assistance in Other Wireless Projects Makwanpur – Kathmandu – Dolakha Network
39 Assistance in Other Wireless Projects Palpa Network from Tansen for Winrock Internatioal
40 Assistance in Other Wireless Projects Imja Galcial Lake Monitoring Network from Imja Lake to Namche Bazaar for Keio University Japan
41 Assistance in Other Wireless Projects Imja Galcial Retreat and growing Lake from1962 to 2005Source: ICIMODLANDSAT TM 1992CORONA15 DEC 1962IRS ID PAN 19 MAR 2001SPACE SHUTTLEDEC 1983Quickbird Jan. 2006ENVISAT, ASAR, 18 October 2007IRS LISS3 2005
42 Assistance in Other Wireless Projects Chhukung Relay at 5,100m near Imja Lake
43 Assistance in Other Wireless Projects Field Server at Imja Lake that sends data of the climate around the lake that includes near real times photos
44 Assistance in Other Wireless Projects Link to the Field Servers in Imja Region and Namche Bazar region to see near real time photos of the lake and Namche Bazar. You can also see the data of the climate collected by the field servers.
45 Major Partner for Developing Educational Contents Open Learning Exchange Nepal (OLE – Nepal)Major partner for developing educational contents in local languageDevelops Interactive Digital Content in Local languageBased on national curriculumEnhance self-learning and self-assessmentFunCreates Digital E- LibraryFull Text DocumentsAccessible via local network and InternetEncourage/facilitate independent inquiry
46 Major Partner for Developing Educational Content 130 OLPC Laptops in Classrooms Distributed by OLE - Nepal in 2 Schools
48 Agenda for One Dollar a Month Campaign Proposed ProjectOne Dollar A Month CampaignWhat is the Campaign?High Level PlanHow to Maintain Sustainability?How is it Possible to Build Information Highway?Implementing PartnersHow can You Help?What will You Get Out of it?How will Nepal Benefit?
49 Immediate next phase of the proposed project Kathmandu to Pokhara Broadband Information Highway ~170km
50 TO BUILD WIRELESS BROADBAND INFORMATION HIGHWAY ACROSS NEPAL ONE DOLLAR A MONTHTO BUILD WIRELESS BROADBAND INFORMATION HIGHWAY ACROSS NEPALContact:Mahabir PunVisit and Donate:Wireless Technology for :EducationHealth care (telemedicine)Communication (telephone/ )Local businessAccess to news and information
51 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CAMPAIGN What is it?This campaign is not about competing with different Nepali organizations to raise money to help Nepal.This campaign is about connecting remote villages of both Mountain and Terai regions with the money that we will raise through this campaign.This campaign is about bringing political stability in Nepal through communication and economic revolution.This campaign is not only about raising money, it is about showing the unity of Nepalese for a good cause no matter where we live, no matter what ethnic background we have and no matter what political affiliation or religious faith we have.I am begging $1 a month on behalf of the people of Nepal – not for myself.
52 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CAMPAIGN What is it?Above all, it is about helping create“Freedom of Opportunities”In Nepal
53 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CAMPAIGN High Level Project PlanBuild 4 major relay stations, on average, in each district; more as necessaryBuild about 8 regional base stations and a central control station with servers to monitor and maintain the network and provide connectivity to rural schools, local governments and businesses.Connect network to government and private hospitals to provide telemedicine service.Build a central data center to provide contents in local languages ineducationhealthcareagriculturee-commercee-governance
54 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CAMPAIGN High Level Project PlanIntroduce VOIP phone services and remittance services in the villages and generate income to pay for monthly operation and maintenance cost.Work with public and private partners on district and local levels to find ways to make the highway financially sustainable and to introduce services that will be useful for the villagers.Encourage local entrepreneurs to become rural Internet service provider.
55 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CAMPAIGN For long term sustainabilitySetup a business enterprise that includes public and private stakeholdersPotential Public PartnersLocal GovernmentsCommunity SchoolsLocal ClubsRural ClinicsMinistry of EducationMinistry of HealthMinistry of Local DevelopmentPrivate PartnersLocal Business PersonsLocal EntrepreneursOther Investors
56 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CAMPAIGN Fiber Cable Information Highway on Southern part of Nepal
57 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH Campaign How is it possible to Build Information Highway Through One Dollar a Month Campaign?2 millions Nepalese live in more than 36 countries (Source – NRN Association)5% of 2 Million is 100,000, which is our goal to have then enroll in the campaignWe are asking for help from the friends of Nepal, who are not of Nepali originWe will run this program in Nepal as “Fifty Rupees a Month” campaignWe will request the government and donor agencies to provide matching fundsLess than $10 million will be required
58 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH Campaign Implementing Partners So FarHimanchal Higher Secondary SchoolOpen Learning Exchange - NepalE-Network, Research and DevelopmentNepal Research and Education NetworkKathmandu Model HospitalOm Hospital, Pokhara NepalCAN - USASubisu Cable NetworkThamel.comIT and Engineering Colleges in NepalUC Berkley GroupAny organization and institution can be partner of the project.
59 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CAMPAIGN How can you help?Enroll in ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CampaignBring as many friends as possible of both Nepali and non-Nepali originEncourage your children to participate in this campaign and run the campaign in their schoolsCollect equipment and send them to NepalHave your organizations provide matching funds for ONE DOLLAR A MONTH campaignSupport OLE – Nepal by providing resources to develop contents in local language for students and villagersSupport for tele-medicine and tele-training program by providing video conferencing equipment
60 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CAMPAIGN How can you help?Donate $12 a Year -(set up an annual recurring charge of $12 instead of having 12 separate monthly transactions of $1 each)Donate $1 a Month -Donate Cash - please collect money through your local community organization and contact us at We will assist you to send the money to our bank account through thamel.com.Donate using Check – send a check earmarked as "For One dollar campaign" to - Himanchal Education Foundation, c/o Dr. Leonard Skov, 5610 Avenue N, Kearney, Nebraska 68847, Phone: (308) ,In Nepal, Donate Rs. 50 a Month - through schools, colleges and local organizations. Please let us know about your interest through or by mobile at or ext
61 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CAMPAIGN What will you get out of it?Your relatives will be able to communicate with you very cheaplyYou can send money to your relatives in the rural areas of Nepal either through remittance or using your credit cardsYou can send presents to your families back home, even in remote areas, through thamel.com or others e-commerce sitesIf you want and pay for it, you can even see your village live in Nepal through the Internet
62 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CAMPAIGN What will you get out of it?You can help establish that special “humane connection” between you, and your future generation with Nepal.Think about this seriously and encourage your children to participate actively in One Dollar a Month campaign
63 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CAMPAIGN How will this campaign help Nepal?You will become poorer by ONE DOLLAR A MONTHNepal will become richer by hundreds of thousands and eventually by millions of dollars a year.Therefore we request all of you to add one more dollar to what you have already been donating.
64 ONE DOLLAR A MONTH CAMPAIGN For More InformationPlease Visit:Contact:Phone: (mobile while in US)(mobile in Nepal)