Presentation on theme: "Call to Order These three officers were accused of taking two Baltimore teens out to the county, taking their shoes and cellphone batteries, and leaving."— Presentation transcript:
Call to Order These three officers were accused of taking two Baltimore teens out to the county, taking their shoes and cellphone batteries, and leaving them there without any way to get home. Explain how these officers violated the rights of the two teens.
Today’s Objectives Students will be able to describe due process protections in Supreme Court cases by Analyzing historical documents for meaning Completing guided notes Evaluating search and seizure rights of students in school Completing an HSA exit ticket
4 th Amendment The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
What’s Due Process? The steps that the government must follow in order to take away your rights. 1.Take a look at each of the snippets from the constitution. 2.Underline the parts that are talking about due process 3.Be prepared to share what you’ve found with the class
4 th Amendment Protects citizens from unreasonable searches Probable cause is evidence that links someone to a crime. A Warrant is needed in order to search someone’s property. Police cannot search you without a warrant, and they cannot get a warrant without probable cause.
5 th Amendment No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury,…; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation.
5 th Amendment Indicted by a Grand Jury No Self Incrimination: You don’t have to testify against yourself (Plead the 5 th ) No Double Jeopardy: Can’t be tried for the same crime twice COURT CASE! Miranda v. Arizona guarantees that police notify people of their rights when they’re arrested. COURT CASE! Miranda v. Arizona guarantees that police notify people of their rights when they’re arrested.
6 th Amendment In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed,… and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining Witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.
6 th Amendment Right to a speedy, fair, and public trial by jury Right to question witnesses against you Right to an attorney for serious crimes COURT CASE! Gideon v. Wainwright guarantees that people have the right to an attorney.
14 th Amendment All persons born or naturalized in the United States, …, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due processes of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
14 th Amendment States cannot make laws that take away the due process rights that are guaranteed to citizens by the Constitution COURT CASE! Brown v. Board of Education says that no state can make laws that discriminate based on race COURT CASE! Brown v. Board of Education says that no state can make laws that discriminate based on race