Presentation on theme: "Lesson 1– The NPT. Students will differentiate between nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons. Students will explain the history and purpose of."— Presentation transcript:
Students will differentiate between nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons. Students will explain the history and purpose of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Students will examine current issues facing the global community surrounding nuclear weapons. Students will formulate opinions about the use and regulation of nuclear weapons.
What are weapons of mass destruction? Nuclear, chemical, biological Inflict mass casualties & destruction
1945 – US 1 st A-Bombs, end WW2 1946 – Baruch Plan 1949 – USSR 1 st A-Bomb 1950’s – GB, FRA, China detonate Sputnik – Proliferation Geneva Accords 1957 – IAEA Created 1962 – Partial Test-Ban Treaty after Cuban Crisis 1968 – UN proposes Nuclear Non- Proliferation Treaty 1970 – NPT Official
Physical Effects of an Atomic Bomb Explosion http://app.discovery education.com/searc h http://app.discovery education.com/searc h Review the effects of nuclear weapons Give Handout
Controls dvpt, spread, use of nuclear technology 3 Goals: Non-proliferation Disarmament Fair access for peaceful use Signed March 5, 1970 43 Original, 189 Today
Nuclear Weapons States (NWS) Exploded device prior Jan 1967 US-USSR-GB-France – China Can‘t transfer weapons/info Non-Nuclear Weapons States (NNWS) Don’t /Won’t have Technology for peaceful use IAEA Monitoring
I – NWS can’t transfer weapons/info to NNWS II – NNWS won’t receive weapons/info III – NNWS won’t turn peace into weapons, IAEA monitoring IV – All R&D peaceful tech, free exchange info/tech, share w/dvp world V – Share at lowest possible cost (free?) VI – Agree to disarm negotiations VII – Can make own disarm treaties VIII – Meet every 5 yrs
Think Pair Share List the top 5 countries with Nuclear Weapons in order
Using the laptops you will map nuclear weapons countries and their number of WMDs.
tries and their nuclear weapons Country Operational and strategic weapons* Total arsenal** SOURCE: FEDERATION OF AMERICAN SCIENTISTS, AS OF 6 MARCH 2012 Russia2,43010,000 US1,9508,500 France290300 China0240 UK160225 Pakistan090-110 India080-100 Israel080 North Korea0Fewer than 10
NWS – Big 5 Non-NPT Nuclear States India & Pakistan (Never signed) N.Korea (Quit ‘93, ‘03) Suspected Programs Israel (Never signed) Iran (NPT Member) Syria/Myanmar http:// abcnews.go.com/GMA/Media/north-korea-helping-myanmar-secret- nuclear-program/story?id=10823439
Prevents proliferation Regulations Sets stage for future negotiation Review Conference every 5 yrs (May 2010) http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2010/dc3243.doc.htm
Do you view nuclear proliferation as inconsequential or agree with efforts to limit the spread and numbers of nuclear weapons?
Each group will receive an article pertaining to nuclear weapons. Read the article individually and answer the close reading questions. Meet in your group to discuss the article We will meet as a class and your group will share your article to the class