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Possible Broadband Deployments Post IPv4 Completion Alain Durand, Work in progress #include.

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Presentation on theme: "Possible Broadband Deployments Post IPv4 Completion Alain Durand, Work in progress #include."— Presentation transcript:

1 Possible Broadband Deployments Post IPv4 Completion Alain Durand, Work in progress #include

2 Post IPv4 Completion Global IPv4 addresses will no longer be available in amounts large enough to sustain current customer provisioning model. (One global IPv4 address shared by several devices in one home) The Internet edges will still mostly be IPv4. – Many hosts in the home (Win 9.x, XP,…) are IPv4-only. They will not function in an IPv6 only environment. Few of those hosts will upgrade to Windows Vista. – Content servers (web, Mail,…) hosted on the Internet by many different parties will take time to upgrade to support IPv6.

3 Plan A: Deploy IPv6 IPv6 provisioned Home Gateway CMTS ISP IPv6 IPv4 Legacy Device IPv6-only Device Internet /16 Lots of broken paths…

4 Post IPv4 Completion Global IPv4 addresses will no longer be available in amounts large enough to sustain current customer provisioning model. (One global IPv4 address shared by several devices in one home) The Internet edges will still mostly be IPv4. – Many hosts in the home (Win 9.x, XP,…) are IPv4-only. They will not function in an IPv6 only environment. Few of those hosts will upgrade to Windows Vista. – Content servers (web, Mail,…) hosted on the Internet by many different parties will take time to upgrade to support IPv6. Idea: move from one global IPv4 address per broadband customer to one IPv4 address shared by many broadband customers.

5 Plan B: Overlay of RFC1918 Home Provisioning Private v4 address Home Gateway NAT v4->v4 Private v4 address Home Gateway NAT v4->v4 Private v4 address Home Gateway NAT v4->v4 CMTS Carrier grade NAT ISP IPv6 IPv4 Legacy Device Dual Stack Device IPv6-only Device Internet Net 10 Network gets increasingly complex to operate. Carrier grade NAT /16

6 Plan C: 464 NAT IPv6 provisioned Home Gateway CMTS ISP IPv6 IPv4 Legacy Device Dual Stack Device IPv6-only Device Internet Carrier grade NAT Carrier grade NAT /16 Simplifies network operation. Provide an upgrade path to IPv6.

7 Implication of IPv6 Home Networking on Routing Scalability

8 IPv4 Social Contract 1 global, dynamic IPv4 address per household shared among several devices External IPv4 Address may change over time NAT in the home gateway Stability of internal IPv4 addresses is not dependant on what happens on the WAN Devices are not visible from the outside

9 New IPv4 Social Contract 1 global, dynamic IPv4 address shared among several household. External IPv4 Address may change over time NAT in the carrier network Devices are not visible from the outside in IPv4 Stability of internal IPv4 addresses is not dependant on what happens on the WAN IPv6 available in the home

10 IPv6 Social Contract Similar to IPv4 – Dynamic /64 (or more) – Stateful firewall in home gateway – Internal devices are not visible from the outside – No stable addresses – Need to renumber the home network when ISP changes attachment point New & Improved – Stable /56 – Devices dont have to renumber if ISP changes attachment point – Devices can be contacted from the outside using their stable IPv6 address – shared management of home gateway security model

11 Scaling the Routing System to Accommodate Stable IPv6 Prefixes Stable: immune to regular changes in ISP topology, not to customer relocating. Routers in the (local) access network need to exchange all routes for all (local) customers 200k – 1 million in small/medium routers Split Exchange Customer Routes


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