Presentation on theme: "Luke and Acts: Abundant Presence of the Holy Spirit"— Presentation transcript:
1Luke and Acts: Abundant Presence of the Holy Spirit Religious Education Congress – Session 7-14Archdiocese of Los Angeles – March 21, 2010Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D.Loyola Institute for Spirituality, Orange, CA
2Incredible Abundance? Lectionary Cycle: Year C: LUKE Year A: MatthewYear B: MarkYear C: LUKEJOHN: esp. Lent & EasterGospel according to LUKE:Many more Prayers, Parables, Poor & Needy, Meals…Prominence of WOMEN (also in John) session 3:14Role of HOLY SPIRIT (also in Acts) session 7:14
4What is "spirit" / "Spirit"?Defs. of "spirit" in English (from dictionary.com):the principle of conscious life; the vital principle in humans, animating the body or mediating between body and soul.the incorporeal part of humans: present in spirit though absent in body.the soul regarded as separating from the body at death.conscious, incorporeal being, as opposed to matter: the world of spirit.a supernatural, incorporeal being, esp. one inhabiting a place, object, etc., or having a particular character: evil spirits.
5Def. of "spirit/Spirit" (cont.) a fairy, sprite, or elf.an angel or demon.an attitude or principle that inspires, animates, or pervades thought, feeling, or action: the spirit of reform.(initial capital letter) the divine influence as an agency working in the human heart.a divine, inspiring, or animating being or influence. Num. 11:25; Is. 32:15.(initial capital letter) the third person of the Trinity; Holy Spirit.the soul or heart as the seat of feelings or sentiments, or as prompting to action: a man of broken spirit.spirits, feelings or mood with regard to exaltation or depression: low spirits; good spirits.excellent disposition or attitude in terms of vigor, courage, firmness of intent, etc.; mettle: That's the spirit!
6Def. of "spirit/Spirit" (cont.) temper or disposition: meek in spirit.an individual as characterized by a given attitude, disposition, character, action, etc.: A few brave spirits remained to face the danger.the dominant tendency or character of anything: the spirit of the age.vigorous sense of membership in a group: college spirit.the general meaning or intent of a statement, document, etc. (opposed to letter): the spirit of the law.Chemistry. the essence or active principle of a substance as extracted in liquid form, esp. by distillation.Often, spirits. a strong distilled alcoholic liquor.Chiefly British. alcohol.Pharmacology. a solution in alcohol of an essential or volatile principle; essence.any of certain subtle fluids formerly supposed to permeate the body.the Spirit, God. –adjectivepertaining to something that works by burning alcoholic spirits: a spirit stove.of or pertaining to spiritualist bodies or activities. –verb (used with object)to animate with fresh ardor or courage; inspirit.to encourage; urge on or stir up, as to action.to carry off mysteriously or secretly (often fol. by away or off): His captors spirited him away.Idiom out of spirits, in low spirits; depressed: We were feeling out of spirits after so many days of rain.[Origin: 1200–50; ME (n.) < L spīritus orig., a breathing, equiv. to spīri-, comb. form repr. spīrāre to breathe + -tus suffix of v. action ]
7"Spirit" in the Bible Heb. Ruach & Gk. Pneuma refer to various things Root meaning: "moving air" = wind, breath, spiritCould be something natural, human, evil, or divineHebrew Bible: RuachTranslation of Gen 1:1-2?"In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth, the earth was a formless void and darkness covered the face of the deep, while RUACH from God swept over the face of the waters." (wind? spirit?)
9"Spirit" in the Hebrew Bible God’s Ruach as the basis of life"Then the LORD God formed man (Adam) from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and the man became a living being." (Gen 2:7)"Then he said to me, ‘Prophesy to the breath, prophesy, mortal, and say to the breath: Thus says the Lord GOD: Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.’ " (Ezek 37:9)
11"Spirit" in the Hebrew Bible God’s Ruach with prophets, judges, kings"Then the LORD came down in the cloud and spoke to him (Moses), and took some of the spirit that was on him and put it on the seventy elders; and when the spirit rested upon them, they prophesied. But they did not do so again." (Num 11:25)Note: "Prophecy" is not "predicting the future" but rather "speaking on behalf of God"Ruach on Judges & Kings: see esp. Jdg & 1 Sam
12"Spirit" in the Hebrew Bible God’s Ruach on the Messiah:“A shoot shall come out from the stump of Jesse, and a branch shall grow out of his roots.The spirit of the LORD shall rest on him,the spirit of wisdom and understanding,the spirit of counsel and might,the spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD” (Isaiah 11:1-2)
13"Spirit" in the Bible PNEUMA = any "moving air": wind, breath, spirit Greek Bible used by Early Christians:Old Testament (LXX) & New TestamentPNEUMA = any "moving air": wind, breath, spiritCf. English "pneumonia" = illness of the lungsor "pneumatic" (air-powered) tools: drills, pumps…Greek verbs pneo / ekpneo = "to breathe (out)“Used only in connection with Jesus’ death
14"Pneuma" in the NT Something in nature: moving air, wind, breath Something human, but from God:spirit of adoption, spirit of faith, spirit of gentleness, spirit of glory, spirit of grace, spirit of holiness, spirit of life, spirit of power & love & self-discipline, spirit of prophecy, spirit of wisdom and revelation, spirit of your minds, spirits of the prophets, spirits of the righteous, spirit of Elijah
15"Pneuma" in the NT (cont.) Something demonic: evil spirit, unclean spiritdemonic spirit, foul spiritspirit of an unclean demonspirit of cowardice, spirit of divinationspirit of error, spirit of slaveryspirit of the antichristspirit of the world, sluggish spirit
16"Pneuma" in the NT (cont.) Something divine: Holy Spirit, Holy Spirit of GodSpirit of (our) God, Spirit of the Living God,Spirit of the Lord, Spirit of your Father,Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead,Spirit of His Son, Spirit of JesusSpirit of Christ, Spirit of Jesus ChristSpirit that is from GodSpirit of Truth, eternal Spiritseven spirits of God (only in Rev 3)
20"Holy Spirit" in the Gospels (see statistics table on handout) Mark:"spirit" used 24 times, but "Holy Spirit" only 4 timesMatthew:"spirit" used 19x, but "Holy Spirit" only 5xLuke + Acts:"spirit" used 36x + 70x; "Holy Spirit" used 13x + 41x"Holy Spirit" drives all the action (see handout)John & 1 John:"Holy Spirit" 3x; "Spirit of Truth" 4x; "Paraclete" 5x
21"Holy Spirit" in MARK1:8 – [John the Baptist]: "I have baptized you with water; but he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit." (cf. Matt 3:11; Luke 3:16)1:10 – And just as [Jesus] was coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens torn apart and the Spirit descending like a dove on him. (cf. Matt 3:16; Luke 3:22)3:28b-29a – "Whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit can never have forgiveness..." (Matt 12:32; Luke 12:10)12:35-36 – "How can the scribes say that the Messiah is the son of David? / David himself, by the Holy Spirit, declared, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet." ’ " (cf. Matt 22:43; shorter in Luke 12:42)13:11 – "When they bring you to trial and hand you over, do not worry beforehand about what you are to say; but say whatever is given you at that time, for it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit." (cf. Matt 10:20; Luke 12:12)
22More "Holy Spirit" in MATT. 1:18-20 – Now the birth of Jesus the Messiah took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, but before they lived together, she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. / … an angel of the Lord appeared to [Joseph] in a dream and said, "Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for the child conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit."12:27-28 – "If I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your own exorcists cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges. / But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come to you." (Luke 11:20 has "finger of God")28:19 – "Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,…"
23Holy Spirit in LUKE’s Gospel With John the Baptist:Angel Gabriel says: “Even before his birth, he will be filled with the Holy Spirit” (1:15); …he will act “with the spirit and power of [the prophet] Elijah” (1:17)the child grows and becomes “strong in spirit” (1:80).With Mary:Gabriel tells Mary how she will conceive Jesus: “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you” (1:35; part of the “Annunciation”).
25Holy Spirit in Luke (cont.) With Elizabeth:When Mary visits her pregnant older cousin, Elizabeth is "filled with the Holy Spirit" (1:41).In Mary’s Song of Praise:The Magnificat: "My soul magnifies the Lord, and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior" (1:46-47).With Zechariah:After the birth of John the Baptist, his father is "filled with the Holy Spirit" and utters a prophecy (1:67).
26Holy Spirit in Luke (cont.) Simeon:In Jerusalem, "the Holy Spirit rested on" a righteous man named Simeon (2:25)The Holy Spirit had revealed to him that he would not die before seeing the Messiah (2:26)So the Spirit guides him to the Temple, where he encounters the infant Jesus and his parents (2:27).
27Holy Spirit in Luke (cont.) Preparing for Jesus:John the Baptist contrasts himself and Jesus: "I baptize you with water; but one who is more powerful than I is coming; I am not worthy to untie the thong of his sandals. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire." (3:16)Baptism of Jesus:After Jesus is baptized, "the Holy Spirit descended upon him in bodily form like a dove" (3:22).
29Holy Spirit in Luke (cont.) Temptation of Jesus:Before beginning his public ministry, "Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness" (4:1), where he is tempted by the devil.Jesus begins his Ministry:After resisting the devil's temptations in the desert, Jesus returns to Galilee "filled with the power of the Spirit" (4:14), and begins preaching.
30Holy Spirit in Luke (cont.) "Inaugural Event" in synagogue at Nazareth:Visiting his hometown, Jesus reads from the scroll of the prophet Isaiah: "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to bring good news to the poor" (4:18)After finishing the reading, Jesus declares, "Today this scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing" (4:21), implying that he is indeed the Prophet & Messiah, enlivened by God's Spirit.
32Holy Spirit in Luke (cont.) Review of material so far:All from the first four chapters of Luke.H.S. is with Elizabeth, Mary, Zechariah, Simeon, and John the BaptistHoly Spirit is with Jesus, at the beginningFEW refs to the Holy Spirit in the rest of Luke!Why not?Holy Spirit is now working in/through Jesus.Not an independent character, until later!
33Holy Spirit in Luke (cont.) Jesus’ Public Ministry:Jesus casts many "unclean spirits" and "evil spirits" out of various people (4:33, 36; 6:18; 7:21; 8:2; 8:29; 9:39, 42; 10:20; 11:24, 26; 13:11).After seventy disciples return from their mission, Jesus "rejoiced in the Holy Spirit" and thanks God for hiding things from the wise but revealing them to infants (10:21).
34Holy Spirit in Luke (cont.) Jesus teaches his disciples about the H.S.:Teaching about prayer: "If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will the heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!" (11:13).In response to criticism from his opponents: "Everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven; but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven" (12:10).Don’t worry if put on trial, "for the Holy Spirit will teach you at that very hour what you ought to say" (12:12).
35Holy Spirit in Luke (cont.) Death of Jesus:The final words of Jesus on the cross (in Luke):“Then Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, ‘Father, into your hands I commend my spirit.’ Having said this, he breathed his last” (Luke 23:46 – exepneusen).
36Holy Spirit in Luke (cont.) Appearances of the Risen Jesus:When Jesus appears to his disciples, they are at first afraid, thinking that they were seeing a ghost / spirit (24:37).But Jesus assures them he is not a ghost / spirit, but can be seen and touched, since he has flesh and bones (24:39).Ascension of Jesus: (add to handouts)Jesus tells his disciples to await "what my Father promised," namely "power from on high" (24:49).
37Holy Spirit in Luke: Review Very often in the Infancy NarrativeElizabeth, Mary, Zechariah, Simeon, J.B.Often at the start of Jesus’ ministryBaptism, Temptations, Inaugural PreachingWith/in Jesus throughout his ministryImplicit, not explicit; in his teachingsGiven back to God when Jesus dies“Father, into your hands I commend my spirit”
38Send Us Your Spirit – David Haas Song published by G.I.A. MusicRemoved here for copyright reasons, but available in many hymnals
39Holy Spirit in ACTS The Acts of the Apostles? Vol. 2, sequel to Luke’s Gospel (see Acts 1:1)Similar themes & emphases as Luke’s GospelPrayer, Praise, Preaching, Poor, Healings, Meals…The Acts of the Holy Spirit?As in Luke's Gospel, the Spirit of God inspires and guides most of the action in Acts.Disciples depicted just like Jesus, filled w/ God’s SpiritThis book could be called "The Acts of the Holy Spirit"
40Holy Spirit in ACTS (cont.) Author (Luke) tells us that Jesus gave instructions to his chosen apostles "through the Holy Spirit"Acts 1:2The disciples are "baptized with the Holy Spirit" on the day of PentecostEvent promised by Jesus in 1:5, 8Event narrated by the Evangelist in 2:1-4Event recalled by Peter in 11:15-16
43Pentecost Event in ACTS 2 When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rush of a violent wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. 3 Divided tongues, as of fire, appeared among them, and a tongue rested on each of them. 4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages, as the Spirit gave them ability.5 Now there were devout Jews from every nation under heaven living in Jerusalem. 6 And at this sound the crowd gathered and was bewildered, because each one heard them speaking in the native language of each. 7 Amazed and astonished, they asked, "Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? 8 And how is it that we hear, each of us, in our own native language? 9 Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, 11 Cretans and Arabs--in our own languages we hear them speaking about God's deeds of power."12 All were amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, "What does this mean?"13 But others sneered and said, "They are filled with new wine."
44Holy Spirit in ACTS (cont.) The apostles are "full of" or "filled with" the Holy Spirit, esp. when they preach1:8; 2:4; 4:8, 31; 11:24; 13:9, 52The Spirit "speaks to" the apostles and prophets8:29; 10:19; 11:12; 13:1-4; 21:11Deacons/ministers must also be "full of the Spirit" (6:1-6), esp. when they prophesy6:10; 7:55-59; 11:28; 21:4Just as H.S. spoke through King David and the prophets in ancient Israel (1:16; 4:25; 28:25).
45Holy Spirit in ACTS (cont.) God "will pour out" his Spirit on all people and all nations in the last days2:17-18, 33; 10:45Believers, including Gentiles, receive the Holy Spirit when they repent and are baptized2:38; 15:8; 19:5-6Sometimes the reception of the Holy Spirit even precedes baptism (see 10:44-48)
47Holy Spirit in ACTS 10Peter in the Household of Cornelius (Roman Centurion)44 While Peter was still speaking, the Holy Spirit fell upon all who heard the word. 45 The circumcised believers who had come with Peter were astounded that the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out even on the Gentiles, 46 for they heard them speaking in tongues and extolling God. Then Peter said, 47 "Can anyone withhold the water for baptizing these people who have received the Holy Spirit just as we have?" 48 So he ordered them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. Then they invited him to stay for several days.
48Holy Spirit in ACTS (cont.) Some people "test" or "lie to" or "oppose" the Holy Spirit, with dire consequences5:1-11; 7:51Spirit is conferred through the "laying on of hands"8:17-19; 9:17; 19:6The Spirit leads and guides the decisions and actions of the Christian leaders15:28; 16:6-7; 19:21; 20:22-23
49Holy Spirit in US Today? Is the Holy Spirit present within us? How? Just like in the Apostles, as depicted in Acts?In our Preaching, Teaching, Healing, etc.?In the Charismatic Movement?Evidence of God’s Spirit within us:Not just from Luke or Acts, but also from Paul
51Holy Spirit / God’s Spirit in Paul God’s Spirit dwells in us, making us Children of God1 Thess 1:4-7 & Romans 5:3-5 – (handout)Galatians 4:4-7 – "But when the fullness of time had come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, / in order to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as children. / And because you are children, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, "Abba! Father!" / So you are no longer a slave but a child, and if a child then also an heir, through God." [Cf. Romans 8:1-17]
52Holy Spirit in Paul (cont.) God’s Spirit helps us pray & know God’s ways:Rom 8:26-28 – "Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness; for we do not know how to pray as we ought, but that very Spirit intercedes with sighs too deep for words. / And God, who searches the heart, knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God. / We know that all things work together for good for those who love God, who are called according to his purpose."1 Cor 2:10-16 – (handout)
53Holy Spirit in Paul (cont.) We are the "Temple" of God’s Spirit:1 Cor 3:16-17 – "Do you not know that you are God's temple and that God's Spirit dwells in you? / If anyone destroys God's temple, God will destroy that person. For God's temple is holy, and you are that temple."1 Cor 6:19-20 – "Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, which you have from God, and that you are not your own? / For you were bought with a price; therefore glorify God in your body."
54Holy Spirit in Paul (cont.) God’s Spirit provides a diversity of gifts, but unity in the community, the Body of Christ:1 Cor 12:4-7, – "Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; / and there are varieties of services, but the same Lord; / and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who activates all of them in everyone. / To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good... / All these are activated by one and the same Spirit, who allots to each one individually just as the Spirit chooses. / For just as the body is one and has many members, and all the members of the body, though many, are one body, so it is with Christ. / For in the one Spirit we were all made to drink of one Spirit."
55Holy Spirit in Paul (cont.) 1 Cor 12: "Gifts of the Spirit" (seven or eight?)wisdom, knowledge, faith, healing, working miracles, prophecy, discerning spirits, speaking & interpreting tongues (1 Cor 12:8-10)wisdom, understanding, knowledge, counsel, piety, fortitude, fear of the Lord (Isaiah 11:1-3)1 Cor 13: Greatest Gifts: Faith, Hope, Love1 Cor 14: More on Spiritual Gifts & Worship
56Holy Spirit in Paul (cont.) "Works of the Flesh" vs. "Fruit of the Spirit"Gal 5:16-26 – "Live by the Spirit, I say, and do not gratify the desires of the flesh. / For what the flesh desires is opposed to the Spirit, and what the Spirit desires is opposed to the flesh… / Now the works of the flesh are obvious… / By contrast, the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. There is no law against such things…"Nine or twelve "fruits" in Gal 5:22-23?Vulgate Bible adds goodness, modesty, and chastity, for a total of twelve; see also Rom 13:8-14.
57"Holy Spirit" in the Creeds Apostles’ Creed (10th Century):I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.Nicene Creed (Council of Nicea (AD online)We believe in one God the Father Almighty…and in one Lord Jesus Christ (ca. 10 more lines)and in the Holy Spirit. (end; nothing more!)
58Creed of Nicea/Constantinople Council of Constantinople (AD 381):And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and Giver of life, who proceeds from the Father [and the Son], who together with the Father and the Son is to be adored and glorified, who spoke by the Prophets. And one holy, catholic, and apostolic Church. We confess one baptism for the remission of sins. And we look for the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come. Amen.
59Catechism of the Catholic Church Part I, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 8 (In Brief) CCC ( online): Part I, Section 2, Chapter 3:Article 8 (par ); Articles 9-12 (par )742 "Because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, 'Abba! Father!"' (Gal 4:6).743 From the beginning to the end of time, whenever God sends his Son, he always sends his Spirit: their mission is conjoined and inseparable.744 In the fullness of time the Holy Spirit completes in Mary all the preparations for Christ's coming among the People of God. By the action of the Holy Spirit in her, the Father gives the world Emmanuel "God-with-us" (Matt 1:23).
60Catechism of the Catholic Church Part I, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 8 (In Brief) 745 The Son of God was consecrated as Christ (Messiah) by the anointing of the Holy Spirit at his Incarnation (cf. Ps 2:6-7).746 By his Death and his Resurrection, Jesus is constituted in glory as Lord and Christ (cf. Acts 2:36). From his fullness, he poured out the Holy Spirit on the apostles and the Church.747 The Holy Spirit, whom Christ the head pours out on his members, builds, animates, and sanctifies the Church. She is the sacrament of the Holy Trinity's communion with men.
61The Spirit Sends Us Forth Song by Dolores Dufner, OSBPublished by Oregon Catholic Press (OCP)Removed here for copyright reasons, but available in many OCP Hymnals
62Additional Resources: Fr. Just’s "Catholic Resources" Website:Several pages on the "Holy Spirit" in the NTLoyola Institute for SpiritualitySt. Joseph Center, Orange, CAExhibit Hall, Booth #
63Audio CD Program "The New Testament: A Guided Tour" CD "Signing" Produced by "Now You Know Media"Just released: January 2010!Available in Exhibit Hall, Booth # 282CD "Signing"In Exhibit Hall, right after this session
64Your Comments / Questions? God’s Spirit / Holy Spirit in Luke and Acts?Presence of God’s Holy Spirit today?In our individual lives?In our families and communities?In our Church, local and worldwide?In our nation and the whole world?Thanks for coming today! God bless you!