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Strengthening the Strategic Cooperation between the EU and Western Balkan Region in the field of ICT Research The ICT environment in the Western Balkans.

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Presentation on theme: "Strengthening the Strategic Cooperation between the EU and Western Balkan Region in the field of ICT Research The ICT environment in the Western Balkans."— Presentation transcript:

1 Strengthening the Strategic Cooperation between the EU and Western Balkan Region in the field of ICT Research The ICT environment in the Western Balkans Prof Đuro KUTLAČA, PhD "Mihajlo Pupin" Institute, Science and Technology Policy Research Centre 11000 Belgrade, Volgina 15, Serbia, dkutlaca@labtel.imp.bg.ac.yu dkutlaca@labtel.imp.bg.ac.yu Conference Towards an Information Society for the Western Balkans, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008

2 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 2 THE ICT environment in the Western Balkans 1.R&D investment in ICT sector – IPTS; 2.WBC in the Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008; 3.WBC in the Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum; 4.ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects

3 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 3 1.R&D investment in ICT sector – IPTS

4 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 4 1.R&D investment in ICT sector – IPTS

5 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 5 1.R&D investment in ICT sector – IPTS

6 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 6 1.R&D investment in ICT sector – IPTS

7 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 7 1.R&D investment in ICT sector – IPTS

8 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 8 1.R&D investment in ICT sector – IPTS

9 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 9 1.R&D investment in ICT sector – IPTS

10 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 10 1.R&D investment in ICT sector – IPTS

11 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 11 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

12 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 12 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

13 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 13 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

14 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 14 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

15 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 15 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

16 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 16 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

17 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 17 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

18 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 18 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

19 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 19 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

20 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 20 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

21 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 21 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

22 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 22 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

23 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 23 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

24 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 24 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

25 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 25 WEF: The Lisbon Review 2008 - Measuring Europes Progress in Reform [Note: score range from 1 to 7] 2.The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum, 2008

26 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 26 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Network Readiness Index 2006-2007 vs. 2005-2006 (out of 122) (out of 115) CountryRank 2006-2007 Rank 2005-2006 Croatia49 57 Serbia and Montenegro74 80 Macedonia, FYR81 82 Bosnia and Herzegovina89 97 Albania107 106 Source: The Global Information Technology Report 2006-2007, World Economic Forum 2007

27 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 27 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Environment Component Index 2006-2007 CountryRank 2006-2007Score Croatia493.57 Macedonia, FYR783.13 Serbia and Montenegro843.09 Bosnia and Herzegovina1022.8 Albania1072.69

28 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 28 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Market environment Index 2006-2007 CountryRank 2006-2007Score Croatia623.59 Macedonia, FYR863.27 Serbia and Montenegro973.12 Bosnia and Herzegovina1033.04 Albania923.14

29 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 29 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Political and regulatory environment Index 2006-2007 CountryRank 2006-2007Score Croatia544.07 Macedonia, FYR963.42 Serbia and Montenegro1023.28 Bosnia and Herzegovina1073.11 Albania1083.08

30 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 30 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Infrastructure environment Index 2006-2007 CountryRank 2006-2007Score Croatia393.05 Macedonia, FYR532.7 Serbia and Montenegro462.89 Bosnia and Herzegovina802.26 Albania1081.84

31 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 31 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Readiness component Index 2006-2007 CountryRank 2006-2007Score Croatia394.65 Serbia and Montenegro694.11 Macedonia, FYR714.05 Bosnia and Herzegovina843.77 Albania973.34

32 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 32 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Individual Readiness Index 2006-2007 CountryRank 2006-2007Score Croatia385.54 Serbia and Montenegro555.24 Macedonia, FYR665.01 Bosnia and Herzegovina684.91 Albania874.3

33 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 33 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Business Readiness Index 2006-2007 CountryRank 2006-2007Score Croatia404.63 Serbia and Montenegro604.04 Macedonia, FYR703.93 Bosnia and Herzegovina943.48 Albania1043.03

34 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 34 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Government Readiness Index 2006-2007 CountryRank 2006-2007Score Croatia503.77 Serbia and Montenegro993.07 Macedonia, FYR913.22 Bosnia and Herzegovina1042.92 Albania1142.69

35 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 35 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Usage Component Index 2006-2007 CountryRank 2006-2007Score Croatia473.79 Serbia and Montenegro773.25 Bosnia and Herzegovina883.04 Macedonia, FYR893.03 Albania1122.58

36 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 36 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Individual Usage Index 2006-2007 CountryRank 2006-2007Score Croatia452.33 Serbia and Montenegro522.02 Bosnia and Herzegovina651.77 Macedonia, FYR561.89 Albania681.66

37 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 37 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Business Usage Index 2006-2007 CountryRank 2006-2007Score Croatia484.85 Serbia and Montenegro993.87 Bosnia and Herzegovina894.09 Macedonia, FYR924.06 Albania1173.45

38 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 38 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum Government Usage Index 2006-2007 CountryRank 2006-2007Score Croatia514.21 Serbia and Montenegro743.84 Bosnia and Herzegovina973.27 Macedonia, FYR1033.15 Albania1192.63

39 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 39 3.The Global Information Technology Report, World Economic Forum

40 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 40 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects 4.1. Albania The Albanian National ICT Strategy was created from a project co- financed by the Open Society Institute, the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, and UNDP Albania in 2006. Besides all efforts, Albania still lacks an official organizational structure for the implementation of the ICT strategy. One of the measures taken recently from the Albanian Council of Ministers is the creation of the "National Agency of Information Society and Electronic Government" (AKSHI), which will prepare a strategic policy, coordinate and supervise the implementation of the programs and projects for Information Society. Its structure and organics will be approved by the Prime Minister.

41 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 41 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Main tasks of the Agency are: Compilation and implementation of the policies, strategies, official law acts for the development of the Information Society sector. Coordination of the policies and programs in the Information Society field. Promotion of investment in the field of Information Society. Promotion of new technologies in the field of Information Society. Education and fostering ICT use from the public.

42 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 42 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

43 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 43 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

44 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 44 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

45 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 45 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key competencies in ICT research fields:

46 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 46 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key Drivers of ICT research:

47 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 47 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects 4.2. Bosnia and Herzegovina The Council of Ministers of BiH adopted the Policy, Strategy and Action Plan for Information Society Development in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Strategy covers the period 2004-2010, with a focus on the key period between 2004-2007. The owner of the document is the Council of Ministers BiH. Final document was delivered 24 September 2004. The final draft of the BiH Policy for Development of Information Society was produced 05 January 2004 and the document has been accepted by the Steering Committee 22 June 2004. The aforementioned documents have been prepared by working groups made of experts from different fields coordinated by UNDP mission in BiH.

48 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 48 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects However, although the above-mentioned documents precisely define the project which should be implemented, not much was realised up to day. This especially refers to the aforementioned key period (2004 - 2007) – a number of important projects were planned, but most of them did not start or do not have funding secured.

49 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 49 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

50 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 50 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

51 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 51 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key competencies in ICT research fields:

52 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 52 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key Drivers of ICT research:

53 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 53 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects 4.3. FYR of Macedonia Implementation of ICT in the FYR of Macedonia has been discussed and supported through three main documents: e- Declaration. The National Strategy for Information Society and the National strategy for development of electronic communications with the information technologies. An additional relevant document is the Program of the Government of Republic of Macedonia for 2006 -2010 period. The e-Declaration was brought in 2002 and its goal was to give recommendations for rapid development of an information society and digital economy in the FYR of Macedonia as a national priority. Recommendations are given to the following stakeholders: the Government of the FYR of Macedonia, all business entities, the IT companies, the Universities, the units of local self-government and the government.

54 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 54 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects As a result of this declaration in 2005 the National strategy for Information Society and the National policy for Information society were developed. The strategy was accepted by the Assembly of FYR of Macedonia on the 21st of September 2005. The mission of these documents is to create a supportive environment for the Information Society in the FYR of Macedonia.

55 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 55 The strategic objectives envisaged to be achieved by 2007 are: o Fully liberalized market of the electronic communication services; o Significantly increased number of Internet users; o Established electronic public services: o Implemented priorities for sustainability of the strategy and the action plans related to the Information Society. These objectives will be achieved through seven pillars: infrastructure, e-business, e-government, e-education, e- health, e-citizens and legislation.

56 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 56 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

57 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 57 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key competencies in ICT research fields:

58 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 58 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key competencies in ICT research fields:

59 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 59 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key Drivers of ICT research:

60 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 60 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key (technological) in progress activities of the ICT sector: Center of Excellence (CoE ) An initiation of MASIT. In the moment a Business Plan of the idea is in a phase of construction and over 20 ICT companies are involved, 2 MNCs, over 4 stakeholders, Academia and Financial Institutions. The CoE is foreseen to function as a tool for promoting and implementing the transfer of knowledge and technologies generated by individuals, Universities and also by existing enterprises to the business sector, by establishing innovative and high-tech Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs); this, in order to create business opportunities for skilled professionals and also graduated students to personally advance and succeed in the country, and an environment for attempting to revert the ongoing brain-drain situation.

61 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 61 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects According to an OECD study presented in The Economist, July 27, 2005, FYR of Macedonia was, already in 2003, one of the five markets with fastest growth of IT in a global scale. Vardar Silicone Valley is an initiation of the Government for the creation of a place where incentives for investments will be raised, all connected and devoted to ICT development. One of the first initiations, that can become part of the Silicone Valley is the Center of Excellence, which will certainly need the facilities provided by the Vardar Silicone Valley, such as free trade zone, VAT free zone etc. The new Government has already created similar free trade zones for other industries, which implies that soon the Vardar Silicone Valley will be created as well.

62 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 62 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects The following are the objectives of the Silicone valley: Assisted by foreign consulting offices, Government will offer the biggest companies in the field of software development, digital techniques, and research (Microsoft, Oracle, Cisco) to establish, free of charge, their own laboratories in Vardar Silicone Valley or to outsource part of their operations. The Government will provide the infrastructure and significant tax privileges for the companies located in the Vardar Silicone Valley. Vardar Silicone Valley is a Governmental Action plan (2006 – 2010) activity. However the Centre of Excellence is planned to become one of the first initiatives in the Vardar Silicone Valley. Additionally, it should be clear that this valley will contain special conditions attractive for investments, conditions such as free economic zone, tax – free, etc.

63 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 63 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Moreover, in order to enhance the skills of IT professionals, a new project for the re-qualification of IT resources is being implemented by the Agency for Employment and MASIT. This project is in the interest of development of the IT sector and was performed based on the results of IT Workforce Demand Survey, where it has been confirmed, that there is lack of IT professionals and that there is a need for professionals with technical skills to be educated in order to become IT professionals. During the next year (2008), the project will organise the re-qualification of 120 individuals. It is planned that this project is one of the first projects within the ICT Centre of Excellence.

64 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 64 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects 4.4. Serbia The main document which defines the ICT policy framework is the Strategy for Development of an Information Society of the Republic of Serbia. The Strategy was adopted by the Government of Serbia in October 2006 (Official Gazette of Serbia, no. 87/2006). The process of defining and writing the Strategy started in April 2005. Many interested parties (local and international, e.g. UNDP) and stakeholders took part in broad public discussion. The Strategy for Development of an Information Society of Serbia is a framework document which gives developmental directions and identifies key areas and activities in the Information Society domain reflecting a vision and linking local/ national developmental aspirations and global IS streams.

65 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 65 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects To re-orient the national innovation system to meet the substantial and cumulative technological learning requirements of ICT (as a general-purpose technology) To address coordination failures, exploit network effects, and secure complementary investments to use ICT as empowerment and service delivery infrastructure.

66 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 66 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects The main objectives of the Strategy for Development of an Information Society of Serbia are: To improve the situation in the broad field of Information and Communication technologies To clarify roles, build public-private partnerships, and facilitate participation by all stakeholders, including NGOs To focus scarce resources on exploiting ICT for national priorities, help sequence, and phase complementary investments To address the special needs and dynamics of promising segments of the ICT industry for export and economy-wide competitiveness

67 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 67 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

68 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 68 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

69 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 69 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

70 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 70 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key competencies in ICT research fields:

71 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 71 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key competencies in ICT research fields:

72 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 72 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key Drivers of ICT research: According to the Serbian Investment and Export Promotion Agency, there are 1,408 IT companies. Main segments of ICT sector are: Telecommunication companies, software and hardware development companies and media companies.

73 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 73 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Telecom segment: In Serbia, there are currently 3 major mobile providers and one fixed service provider. The greatest investment has been made, over the last 5 years in the telecommunication sector and sums up to over 1 billion Euro. Telekom Srbija (fixed service provider) itself, invested over 800 million Euros in its infrastructure. Optical infrastructure has been built and it covers all major cities in Serbia. The Republic Agency for Telecommunications has been formed and is expected to contribute to the regulation and development of this sector.

74 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 74 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Software technology segment: This industry had significant improvement during the last 3 years. Microsoft Regional development centre had been opened (one of 6 of such kind in the world), CISCOs regional development centre has also been opened in Belgrade. In the software sector, most dominant are corporative applicative solutions (applications), especially software for banking services, which are implemented in over 40 banks. There are also numerous domestic software solutions in the field of e-Government and Municipality IS which are implemented in more than 100 Municipalities and several Ministries.

75 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 75 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects 835 Serbian IT companies are engaged in software development. They have highly-skilled engineers which are competent in a broad range of methodologies, technologies and tools supporting efficient development of high quality software and systems integration. They have expertise in developing front- end, back-end and middle-ware components but also are very proficient at understanding client requirements due to their extensive business knowledge and creating tailored software and systems.

76 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 76 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Hardware technology segment: In this segment numerous development activities have been realized in the field of high speed data transfer as well as great number of systems with specific needs in various industries. Development activities as well as basic technology research in this sector are being carried out mainly in institutes and at Universities. During past 2-3 years, infrastructure in education and research institution has been developed (national academic network). This network currently has 1500 km of optical fibber which connects all key R&D institutions.

77 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 77 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Also, In Serbia, there are 573 hardware manufacturers. The industry focus to date has been on the development of customized products for specific industry applications for the local market with the larger companies offering a wider systems integration and full technical service approach. Nowadays, modern hardware (LCD monitors, memory modules, toners cartridges for printers, etc) are made in Serbia.

78 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 78 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Media segment: Media companies have developed a great number of web portals and TV signal distribution. Republic agency for radio diffusion has been formed and is expected to contribute to the regulation and development of this sector. Key ICT sector developments have been achieved especially in Telecommunication infrastructure and the national academic network. Over last 5 years investments in telecommunication sector adds up to over 1 billion euro. Two more mobile service providers entered Serbian market and their investments are yet to be determined.

79 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 79 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key technological needs of the ICT sector are: Investment in ICT sector, significant investments in SW development Greater level of cooperation between international environment and domestic companies Joint projects of research sector and industry With excess budget money from privatization, Serbia created NIP (National Investment Plan) to be spent on industry development projects and support to local economy. Over 40 million Euros are intended for e-Government. Finally, the trends of ICT usage have been improving in the past years. The following table reveals some recent statistics.

80 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 80 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key Drivers of ICT research:

81 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 81 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects 4.5. Croatia In 2002 Croatian government adopted a national ICT strategy Information and Communication Technology – Croatia in the 21st Century. The strategy was based on wide consultation process involving all the stakeholders. It identified 17 recommendations encompassing research in and application of ICTs. In 2004 Programme e-Croatia 2007 was adopted. Building on the implementation of the 2002 Strategy, this programme further aligned activities of the Croatian government with the EU eEurope Initiative, focusing on e-Government, e-Justice, e- Health, e-Learning and e-Business. Within the framework of the e-Croatia Programme several sectoral programmes and strategies were adopted.

82 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 82 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects In 2004 One Stop Shop (HITRO.hr) Strategy was adopted. It aimed to provide common architectural and interoperability guidelines for information systems of central administration and establish a network of offices where citizens and business can obtain information and services of public administration in one place. As a result of these initiatives, the on-line availability of government services in Croatia raised from less than 3% in 2003 to above 50% in 2006. In 2007 the Central State Administrative Office for e-Croatia launched a central portal of e-government services Moja uprava (in engl. My administration at Mojauprava.hr)

83 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 83 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects In 2005 National Programme on Information Security in the Republic of Croatia was adopted. The programme identified legislative, organizational, educational and awareness raising measures needed to establish information security management procedures based on the international best practices and standards in Croatian public administration and public institutions. In 2007 a new Law on information security (Official Gazette 79/2007) was adopted, Information Systems Security Bureau (www.zsis.hr) was established as a INFOSEC, and the Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT – www.cert.hr) of the Croatian Academic and Research Network CARNet expanded its scope from academic community to the national level. Following the Programme the Joint Technical Committee J1 of the Croatian Standards Institute adopted 13 international standards in the area of information security techniques and management of IT security.

84 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 84 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects In 2006 Croatian Government adopted the Open Source Policy. Standard ISO/IEC 263000:2006 Information technology -- Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.0 was adopted as Croatian national standard HRN ISO/IEC 26300:2008. In 2006 Broadband Development Strategy in the Republic of Croatia until the year 2008 was adopted. At the end of 2005 there were 116,000 broadband users in Croatia and by June 2008 their number increased to 451,7501. These numbers correspond to 7.9% of households in December 2005 and 30.6% of households in June 2008. In June 2008 the total number of internet users in Croatia was 2,074,050, or 47.0% of population.

85 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 85 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects In 2006 National Programme for the Digitisation of Archival, Library and Museum Holdings was adopted. The Croatian Cultural Heritage portal (www.kultura.net/eng) was established in 2007 as a central access point for collecting and presenting digital collections of Croatian cultural heritage. In 2007 Strategy for the Development of Electronic Business in the Republic of Croatia for the Period 2007 – 2010 was adopted. It aims at removing the remaining legal and institutional obstacles to more rapid implementation of e-Business in Croatia, establishing a favourable environment for e-Business and initiating projects of national e-Business infrastructure. In 2008 Strategy for Digital TV Switchover in the Republic of Croatia was adopted. By the end of 2010 Croatia intends to finalize digital TV switchover. Digital broadcasting will enable better service quality, access to wider variety of content and new interactive services.

86 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 86 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Fund allocations from the national budget for 2008 for overall research and specific national ICT projects:

87 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 87 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects: In 2008 Ministry of Science, Education and Sports funds more than 100 research projects in ICT. More than 70% of these projects are carried on in top 8 institutions: Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing (www.fer.hr), Faculty of Organization and Informatics (www.foi.hr) and Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (www.ffzg.hr) of the University of Zagreb, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture of the University of Split (www.fesb.hr), Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture of the University of Zagreb (www.fsb.hr), Faculty of Electrical Engineering of the University Josip Juraj Strossmayer in Osijek (www.etfos.hr), Faculty of Arts and Sciences University of Rijeka (www.ffri.hr) and Institute Ruđer Bošković Zagreb (www.irb.hr).

88 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 88 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Croatian researchers participated in 23 projects within FP6 IST. In addition to the institutions listed above, Faculty of Maritime Studies of the University of Rijeka (www.pfri.hr), Faculty of Sciences of the University of Split (www.pmfst.hr) and University Computing Centre of the University of Zagreb (www.srce.hr), among the Croatian institutions of higher educations, took part in these projects. An NGO ZaMirNet (www.zamirnet.hr), and private companies Infodom (www.infodom.hr), Ericsson Nikola Tesla (www.ericsson.com/hr) and Končar (www.koncar.hr) also participated in FP6.

89 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 89 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects SWOT analysis of the ICT research capacity in Croatia:

90 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 90 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key Drivers of ICT research:

91 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 91 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research priorities for Croatia:

92 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 92 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects 4.6. Montenegro Reform in ICT sector started in 2000. From that period Montenegro adopted and implemented all important regulations which now present a solid base for liberalization of telecommunication sector and open market economy in this particular area. In 2001 Montenegro introduced Telecommunication Law which is the most important legislation in this area. This law was innovated in 2008 and adjusted to EU directives as well as changed its name into the Electronic Communications Law.

93 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 93 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects After 2001 Montenegro adopted several legislations and important legal documents in area of ICT like: E-commerce Law; Intellectual protection Law; Central Register Law as well as Electronic documents Law. All of these regulations are prepared according to EU Directives and international legislation in area of ICT. On that way, Montenegro has created a solid framework for open market, competition in this area and future information society development. In order to achieve these goals two regulatory bodies are established: Agency for telecommunications and postal services and Agency for radio-diffusion which has positively influenced on ICT market in Montenegro.

94 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 94 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Strategy for information society development in Montenegro was adopted in 2004 and contains all important goals and planned activities that need to be implemented on the way to highly developed information society. Some of the most important goals presented in the Strategy are: Dynamic economic development; Reform, adoption of standards and democracy; Establishing better, more transparent public administration; Removing of business barriers; The same opportunities for individuals in area of education and access to Internet; Better safety for citizens and human rights issue.

95 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 95 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects The key elements/goals proposed in the newly innovated Strategy for information society developing are specially focused on: ICT infrastructure; E-education; Registers of the population; E-business and E-banking; E-government; Institutional and regulatory framework; European goals and standards; E-health.

96 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 96 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

97 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 97 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

98 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 98 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

99 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 99 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

100 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 100 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects ICT research projects:

101 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 101 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key competencies in ICT research fields:

102 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 102 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects Key Drivers of ICT research:

103 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 103 4. ICT research environment in WBC – Results of the SCORE and WBC-INCO.NET projects SWOT analysis of the ICT research capacity in Croatia:

104 Conference, Belgrade, 11-12 December 2008 104 Q&A The ICT environment in the Western Balkans The ICT environment in the Western Balkans Towards an Information Society for the Western Balkans WP 2: Priority Setting to Structure Participation in FP T2.4: Organisation of consultation process December 11-12., 2008; Belgrade, Serbia


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