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Dr Velimir Petrović, Institute IMR dr Stana Petović, dr Velimir Petrović, Institute IMR dr Stana Petović, Ministry of Science and Technological Development.

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Presentation on theme: "Dr Velimir Petrović, Institute IMR dr Stana Petović, dr Velimir Petrović, Institute IMR dr Stana Petović, Ministry of Science and Technological Development."— Presentation transcript:

1 dr Velimir Petrović, Institute IMR dr Stana Petović, dr Velimir Petrović, Institute IMR dr Stana Petović, Ministry of Science and Technological Development Science and Economy Profile in Republic Serbia ERA INDICATORS AND WBC 02-03 October 2008.

2 Profile of west Balkan countries Albania BH Montenegro Croatia FRY Macedona Serbia Ministry of Science and Technological Development Republic Serbia

3 Profile of Western Balkan countries Serbia Population: 10.16 million with AP Kosmet GDP (PPP): 77.28 bil. USD GDP (current): 41.685 bil. USD GDP groth rate: 7.3% GDP (PPP) per capita: 10.400 USD GDP by sector: agriculture 12.3% industry24.2% services 63.5% Unemployment: 18.8% Bellow poverty limit: 6.5% Inflation rate:6.8% Investments (gross):20.1% od GDP Public debt: 37% od GDP Balance: -6.89 miliona. USD Export: 8.24 bil. USD Import: 18.35 bil. USD External debt:26.94 bil. USD /2008/ Izvor: CIA the World Factbook 2008

4 GDP (PPP) billion USD GDP (official exchange rate) USD GDP real growth rate % GDP (PPP) USD per capitaAlbania 19.92 10.6266.300 Bosnia and Hercegovina 27.7314.735.87000 Montenegro5.922.957.53800 Croatia68.9851.365.815.500 FRYMacedonija17.357.558.500 Serbia77.2841.697.310.400 Economic Indicators

5 Agriculture IndustryServicesAlbanija 21.220.158.7 Bosna and hercegovina10.223.366.1 Montenegro>80 Croatia7.231.661 FRYMacedonia11.928.259 Serbia12.324.263.5 GDP composition by sector (%) Economy Indicators

6 Agriculture industriServicesAlbania 581527 Bosna and Hercegovina--- Montenegro23068 Croatia2.732.864.5 FRYMacedonia19.630.450 SERBIA304624 Economic Indicators Labor force – by occupation (%):

7 UnemploymentPopulation below powerty line Inflation rateAlbanija 13/official rate 30 % 252.7 Bosna i hercegovina45.5251.3 Montenego14.773.4 Croatia11.8112.9 FRYMacedonia3529.82.3 SERBIA18.86.56.8 Economic Indicators Black Indicators (%)

8 INVESTMENT % GDP Public dept % GDP Current account balance Million USDAlbania 23.352.5 - 877 Bosnia and Hercegovina23.3n.a. - 1.920 Montenegro30.538n.a. Croatia30.947.3 - 4.385 FRYMacedonia17.730.8 - 202 Serbia20.137 - 6.890 Indicators of economy I Economic Indicators

9 Exsports bilion USD Imports bilion USD Debt external bilion USDAlbania 1.093.891.55 Bosnia and Hercegovina4.249.956.70 Montenegro0.170.610.650 Croatia12.0226.5445.29 FRYMacedonia3.354.983.97 Serbia8.2418.3526.24 Economic Indicators Indicators of economy II

10 Electricity billion kWh Oil billion bbl/day Natural gas million cub. mAlbania 5.397 06629 Bosnia and Hercegovina12.22-- Montenegro2.86-- Croatia11.99 27 190 1 447 FRYMacedonia6.05-- Serbia33.87 14 660 650 Energy production: Economic Indicators

11 Telephone thousends Radio km TV km Internet thousends usersAlbania 354603+62471 Bosnia and Hercegovina9892633950 Montenegro3543113266 Croatia 1 832 11736 1 586 FRYMacedonija4918252268 Serbia 2 719 15347 1 400 Communications Economic Indicators

12 SCIENCE AND TECHOLOGY POLICY IN REPUBLIC SERBIA Situacion 2000. Recent R&D have no impact onto economy and society in Serbia. Recent R&D have no impact onto economy and society in Serbia. There has not been stable public funding of research institutes. There has not been stable public funding of research institutes. There has not been world-class research by a large portion of researchers and institutions. There has not been world-class research by a large portion of researchers and institutions. There has not been continuous and stable S&T policy. There has not been continuous and stable S&T policy. There have not been research focus and priorities between different scientific disciplines. There have not been research focus and priorities between different scientific disciplines. Funding of R&D has been low and research conditions are inappropriate. Funding of R&D has been low and research conditions are inappropriate. The brain drain problem has been very high. The brain drain problem has been very high. International research collaboration almost does not exist. International research collaboration almost does not exist.

13 2006.:- GERD as % of GDP: 0,46% - GOVERD as % GDP: 0,36% Current situation in funding system Sources: Republublical Office of Statistic, 2006. Structure of S&T expenditures: by the business sector: 0.06 % GDP by the public sector :0.36 % GDP other:0.03 % GDP Government sector (GOV: MS,MHE,Other ministries) Business sector(BES) Private non profit sector(PNP) Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science and Technologcal Development

14 Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science GERD as % of GDP R&D Intensity, 2007. R&D policy – main objectives to increase investments in R&D to 1.10% GDP...... by 2012 Mill. Mill. % GDP 2007.101.40.34 2008.107.00.31 2009.231.00.60 2010.343.00.80 2011.476.01.00 2012.578.01.10 Budget for R&D (GOVERD) Plan

15 Researchers in Serbia 2006.: No of R&D organizations No of researchers Faculties (at 6 universities) 76 (47%) 8.902 (73,70%) Research institutes 57 (34%) 2.720 (22.52%) Industrial institutes and R&D units 30 (19%) 457 (3.78%) Total 16312.079 Sources: Republublical Office of Statistic, 2007. Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science and Technologcal Development

16 The staticalal S&RD Indicators for 2006. Sources: Republublical Office of Statistic, 2007. No. of institutions No. of researchers Share (%) Natural science 232.11717.52 Engineering and technology 493.36227.83 Agricultural science 219808.11 Medical science 132.30019.41 Social science 351.97116.32 Humanities171.25010.35 Multidisciplinar5570.47 TOTAL16312.079100 Institutions and researchers by field of science Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science and Technologcal Development

17 SCIENCE AND TECHOLOGY POLICY IN REPUBLIC SERBIA SCIENCE AND TECHOLOGY POLICY IN REPUBLIC SERBIA New S&T policy Science Law was change to enable formation of new programs devoted at economic and technologic development of the country These programs are: program of fundamental researches program of technologic development national program for biotechnology national program on energy efficiency New regulations and criteria are adopted for research funding from public source, as well as new system of financial support. External evaluation of proposed research program was introduced.

18 SCIENCE AND TECHOLOGY POLICY IN REPUBLIC SERBIA The new S&T policy has the following basic components: 1.Scientific basic research that generates new knowledge and develop new scientists and knowledge workers. 2.Applied research and development that generates new technology and prototypes of innovative products and develops innovators and inventors. 3.Transfer of knowledge and technology into market. 4.Innovative products supported by efficient and productive production processes or services. 5.A global business and product development collaboration, as well as the competitiveness of global collaboration.

19 Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science and Technologcal Development Financial support to the projects in basic researches – 2008.

20 Technology Development Program: This programs aims to support local companies to develop or implement new technologies in order to improve their competitiveness on the global market. This program provides grants and loans to companies to engage experts from universities and institutes in their development projects. The areas covered are: information technology, electronics and electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, construction industry and civil engineering, biotechnology etc. Priority topics are specified, but one of the most relevant selection criteria is the financial participation of companies in their projects. This programs aims to support local companies to develop or implement new technologies in order to improve their competitiveness on the global market. This program provides grants and loans to companies to engage experts from universities and institutes in their development projects. The areas covered are: information technology, electronics and electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, construction industry and civil engineering, biotechnology etc. Priority topics are specified, but one of the most relevant selection criteria is the financial participation of companies in their projects. There are few specific programs or sub-programs that are addressing specific problems: National programs comprise research and other types of projects and activities aiming to solve important national problems. Currently, the following national programs have been launched: National programs comprise research and other types of projects and activities aiming to solve important national problems. Currently, the following national programs have been launched: –Energy Efficiency National Program, aiming to significantly reduce energy losses everywhere and to substitute electric energy for heating with other energy sources (such as biomasses, gas). –Biotechnology and Agro Industry National Program, aiming to produce a group of food products for global markets and build their bread names. Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science and Technologcal Development

21 Public expenditure for technological development by field of science in 2007 Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science and Technologcal Development

22 Financial support to technological development -2008. Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science and Technologcal Development

23 International Research Collaboration Program: This program provides grants to local research organizations having projects that are parts of international bilateral or multilateral collaboration projects. International Research Collaboration Program: This program provides grants to local research organizations having projects that are parts of international bilateral or multilateral collaboration projects. Knowledge and Technology Transfer Program: The program supports development of science and technology parks, incubators and innovation centers for knowledge- based and technology-oriented companies in order to provide stimulating environments for local and foreign companies. Knowledge and Technology Transfer Program: The program supports development of science and technology parks, incubators and innovation centers for knowledge- based and technology-oriented companies in order to provide stimulating environments for local and foreign companies. R&D Facility and Infrastructure Upgrade Program: This program provides grants to universities and research institutes to upgrade their laboratory equipment. R&D Facility and Infrastructure Upgrade Program: This program provides grants to universities and research institutes to upgrade their laboratory equipment. Communication Network and Computers Upgrade Program: The program aims to build and maintain the Academic Internet Network and LANs that connect all R&D institutions in Serbia and provide international links to Internet. Communication Network and Computers Upgrade Program: The program aims to build and maintain the Academic Internet Network and LANs that connect all R&D institutions in Serbia and provide international links to Internet. Development of Researchers Program: Provides support for participation to international conferences, study trips, and scholarships for postdoc fellows, PhD and MSc students. Development of Researchers Program: Provides support for participation to international conferences, study trips, and scholarships for postdoc fellows, PhD and MSc students. Purchasing of Research Journals and Books for Libraries. Purchasing of Research Journals and Books for Libraries. Support of Local Scientific Conferences and Journals. Support of Local Scientific Conferences and Journals. Science and Technology Information Sourcing Program. Science and Technology Information Sourcing Program. Support of the Serbian Academy of Science and Art and Program Matice Serbian Support of the Serbian Academy of Science and Art and Program Matice Serbian Support of science and technology oriented organizations. Support of science and technology oriented organizations. Other programs: Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science and Technologcal Development

24 Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science Public expenditure by programs: The budzet for R&D in 2004.: 44.94 millions Euro

25 International Research Collaboration Program International cooperation in R&D: International R&D collaboration is one of priorities of our RTD policy. Serbia participates in the FP5, FP6 and FP7 programs of the EU as a West Balkan (INCO) country. Serbian researchers are also included in COST and EUREKA! activities. These programs allow Serbian researchers to have direct access to other research centers and their research standards, which has a positive feedback to the quality of research in Serbia. International R&D collaboration is one of priorities of our RTD policy. Serbia participates in the FP5, FP6 and FP7 programs of the EU as a West Balkan (INCO) country. Serbian researchers are also included in COST and EUREKA! activities. These programs allow Serbian researchers to have direct access to other research centers and their research standards, which has a positive feedback to the quality of research in Serbia. 2001. 2002. 2003. 2004. 2005. 2006. 2007. 2008.* Budget for R&D Programms (mill.Din) mill. *) 1142 19.12 1853 30.13 3132 45.85 3545 44.94464356.0625874.9 8314 101.40 9051 116.04 Budget for Iinternational cooperation Programme (%) 1.881.420.981.212.723.893.1811.01 * For 8 months in 2008. Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science and Technologcal Development

26 SCIENCE AND TECHOLOGY POLICY IN REPUBLIC SERBIA Number of Patents Total number of valid Patents is: - From the Republic of Serbia- 388 Patents; - Foreign representatives - 600 Patents. 1994199519961997199819992000200120022003 Domestic1561619670112593317386 Foreign51835018613313749-115893 Total674511282203249108342131179 Patent activity Number of Little Patents 19961997199819992000200120022003 Domestic54889265511186100 Foreign02120130 Total54909367511289100

27 Number of scientific publications 2001- 2008 Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science and Technologcal Development

28 Conclusions: Statistical presentation of the indicators in the field of economy and science is very important for creation of future policy and development of science in Serbia. Statistical presentation of the indicators in the field of economy and science is very important for creation of future policy and development of science in Serbia. Unfortunately, existing data on financial support of science in Serbia, are not reliable enough and frequently very contradictory. Unfortunately, existing data on financial support of science in Serbia, are not reliable enough and frequently very contradictory. Science funding in Serbia is mainly from public support and participation of business sector is marginal and practically unknown. Science funding in Serbia is mainly from public support and participation of business sector is marginal and practically unknown. Ministry of science and technological development of republic Serbia intend to icrease financial support to the science and applied research with the main aim to reach the level of this support to over 1% from GDP after 2010. Ministry of science and technological development of republic Serbia intend to icrease financial support to the science and applied research with the main aim to reach the level of this support to over 1% from GDP after 2010.

29 Thank you for your attention!!! Ministry of Science and technological development http://www.mntr.sr.gov.yu e-mail: stana.petrovic@mntr.sr.gov.yu


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