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Five Types Forests. Forests Smokies are made up of many short peaks and ridges that are diversely forested. Unlike the Himalayas that are treeless, relatively.

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Presentation on theme: "Five Types Forests. Forests Smokies are made up of many short peaks and ridges that are diversely forested. Unlike the Himalayas that are treeless, relatively."— Presentation transcript:

1 Five Types Forests

2 Forests Smokies are made up of many short peaks and ridges that are diversely forested. Unlike the Himalayas that are treeless, relatively young, and have 14 of the worlds highest peaks.

3 5 types of forests 1.Spruce Fir-above 4,500 ft (esp 5,500). Trees- red spruce, Frasier fir, yellow birch, mountain ash, hobblebush, blackberries. Balsam wooly Adelgid has killed up to 95% of f. firs. Canada

4 Spruce Fir

5 5 forests 2. Northern Hardwood-middle to upper elevations(3,500- 5,000 ft) New England type forest. Sugar Maple, American Beech, Yellow Birch. Great colors. Every 1000 ft elev.=250 miles N.

6 Northern Hardwood

7 Weather/elevation/altitude/ –Sugarlands-1600ft-H67-L37-P 0.23in Newfound Gap-5000-H54-L26-P 0.07 Cades Cove-1900-H64-L35-P 0.2 Oconaluftee-2040-H67-L38-P 0.0 Mt. Leconte-6400-H49-L20-P T

8 5 forests 3. Pine Oak-drier slopes, well drained, fire is important. Red, scarlet, black and chestnut oaks, along with pines-mostly white.

9 Pine Oak Forest

10 5 forests 4. Cove Hardwood- sheltered coves up to 4,500 ft. Rich, deep soil. Y. birch, beech, maples, magnolia, very large trees.

11 Cove Hardwood

12 5 forests 5. Hemlock-moist slopes of streams at lower elevations. Heavily affected by logging. Hemlock Wooly Adelgid.

13 Hemlock Forest

14 Hemlock

15

16 5 forests 130 tree species and 4,000 other plants. All 5 forest viewable from Campbell overlook 2m S. of Sugarlands on US 441 on Newfound Gap Rd.

17 Forest assignment List 5 Forests include elevations, Rainfall, 5 plants, 5 animals that depend on it,1 fact for each, and any threats.


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