Presentation on theme: "World History Have out your bell work and spiral."— Presentation transcript:
1 World History Have out your bell work and spiral. Test Friday over Enlightenment, American and French Revolutions.
2 Bell Work Week 14: Thursday 04.23.15 Respond to the following in complete sentences in the space for Thursday on your bell work paper.What do you think is the difference between a revolt and revolution? What is the key difference between them?
3 Table of Contents Reading Notes 18.2 Notes Reading Summary 18.3 Unit 8: Age of AbsolutismPop-up notes Absolute MonarchsReading Summary 16.1Reading Summary 16.2Chart of MonarchiesReading Summary 16.3English Civil WarUnit 9: Enlightenment and RevolutionChart of Enlightened ThinkersReading Summary 17.2DefinitionsSummary 17.3TimelineNotesReading Summary 18.1Notes: French RevolutionUnit 9: Enlightenment and RevolutionReading Notes 18.2NotesReading Summary 18.3
4 Essential QuestionHow did enlightened thinkers inspire revolutionaries to push for radical changes in government and society in France?
5 Topical QuestionsSS. 912.W.5.6What were the important causes, events and effects of the French Revolution?Who were some of the important people involved in the French Revolution?
6 ReadingRead the section 18.2 titled: “The French Revolution Unfolds” pp in your textbook.As you read make notes on WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE, and WHY of the French Revolution.
9 Tension MountMounting tension leads to more violence….
10 In 1792, the war abroad was going badly for the French. Many revolutionaries believed that the king was in league with foreign powers to retain his power.Citizens attacked the palace where the king was held. The king and his family escaped to the Legislative Assembly.Citizens also attacked prisons that held nobles and priests.1,000 prisoners killedTensions led to increasing violence.
12 Extended suffrage to all male citizens. Seized nobles’ lands. Radicals took control of the Legislative Assembly and called for the election of a new legislative body—the National Convention.In addition, the monarchy was abolished in favor of the creation of a republic.National ConventionExtended suffrage to all male citizens.Seized nobles’ lands.King put on trial. Convicted by one vote.
13 The National Convention put Louis XVI on trial as a traitor to France The National Convention put Louis XVI on trial as a traitor to France. He was sentenced to death.In January 1793, Louis XVI was beheaded.In October 1793, Marie Antoinette was beheaded.
14 By 1793, France faced external and internal threats. War continued with the Netherlands, Spain, Britain, and Prussia.Royalists and priests led rebellions against the government.The sans-culottes demanded relief from food shortages and inflation.12 members. Charge of trials and executions.Led by Robespierre.The Convention created the Committee of Public Safety to deal with these issues.
15 The National Convention granted the Committee of Public Safety absolute power to save the revolution.At war,French armies overran the Netherlands and invaded Italy.At home,France battled counter-revolutionaries through the use of terror.
16 Maximilien Robespierre became the leader of the Committee of Public Safety. Arrested and tried all those who threatened the revolutionHe was a reformer, but also supported terror as a way to maintain order.Prompt severe, inflexible justice..Liberty cannot be secured unless criminals lose their heads.
17 Nearly 300,000 people were arrested and 17,000 executed by guillotine for opposing the revolution. The Reign of Terror continued until Robespierre himself was executed in 1794.
18 Reaction to Reign of Terror Move to more moderate ideas
19 In reaction to the Reign of Terror, moderates produced the Constitution of 1795. The Constitution created a five-man Directory and a two-house legislature. The Directory:Made peace with Prussia and SpainContinued the war with Austria and Great BritainCreated a constitutional monarchyElected by male citizens of property
20 France Was ChangedThe old social order was gone.The monarchy was gone.The Church was under state control.
21 Independent PracticeRead and answer the questions on the side and at the bottom of Summary 18.3Complete the following questions on a separate sheet of paper as a review for your test.Textbook p. 382 #1-11, p. 418 #1-14TEST TOMORROW!!!