The prehistoric ages: - The remains of the Stone age human residence were found in Potok Cave on Mount Olševa in the 1920s and the 1930s which marked the beginning of Paleolithic research in Slovenia - The remains of pile dwellings were found in Ljubljana marshes which are over 4500 years old. Mount Olševa Reconstruction of pile dweling
The Roman period: - In the Iron Age the present-day eastern Slovenia was conquered by Romans and they divided the eastern Slovenian territory into two provinces (Pannonia, Noricum) - What is now called western Slovenia was directly under Roman Ital y as a part of the region Venetia et H istria - The Romans also established posts at Ljubljana (Emona), Ptuj (Poetovio) and Celje (Celeia)
Pannonia Noricum Venetia et Histria
- The era of Carantania and Carniola: Carantania, also known as Carentania was a Slavic principality that emerged in the second half of the 7th century in the territory of present-day southern Austria and north-eastern Slovenia. Carniola was a southeastern state of the Holy Roman Empire in the High Middle Ages. It corresponded roughly to the central Carniolan region of present-day Slovenia.
-from M iddle A ges to early modern period: The counts of Celje, a feudal family from this area who in 1436 acquired the title of state princes, were the most powerful competitors for Habsburg. This large dynasty, important at a European political level, had its seat in Slovene territory but died out in 1456. Its numerous large estates subsequently became the property of the Habsburgs, who retained control of the area right up until the beginning of the 20th century. At the end of the Middle Ages, the Slovene lands suffered a serious economic and demographic setback because of the Turkish raids. In 1515, a peasant revolt spread across nearly the whole Slovene territory. In 1572 there was a huge Slovenian - Croatian peasant revolt, which ended badly for its participants. Death of Matija Gubec, the starter of 1572 revolt
The era of Napoleon : - The Illyrian Provinces was an autonomous province of the Napoleonic French Empire on the north and east coasts of the Adriatic Sea between 1809 and 1816 (in Slovenia till 1813). Its capital was established at Laybach (modern-day Ljubljana in Slovenia). The name "Illyrian" was used to refer to ancient Illyrians who once lived in the area of the Dalmatian coast, which was known as Illyria in antiquity.
The era of Slovenian Nation Building: From 1750 till 1848 was the beginning of Slovenian Spring. Some of the most important people in Slovenian history were active at that time: -Marko Pohlin (first Slovenian grammar) -France Prešeren (first secular poetry) -A.T. Linhart (first secular drama work) -A. Vodnik (First Slovenian newspaper) -Jurij Japelj (modern translation of bible in Slovenian language) -Jožef Blaznik Map of Slovenian lands
Jurij Japelj Valentin Vodnik Marko Pohlin France Prešeren Anton Tomaž Linhart
World war I and world war II : - World War I resulted in heavy casualties for Slovenes, particularly on the twelve Battles of the Isonzo, which took place in what is nowadays Slovenia's western border area. Hundreds of thousands of Slovene conscripts were drafted in the Austro-Hungarian Army, and over 30,000 of them lost their lives - Slovenia began the Second World War with invasion of Axis Power in Yugoslavia on 6 April 1941. -In 1945, Yugoslavia liberated itself and shortly after that became a nominally federal Communist state. Slovenia joined the federation as a socialist republic; its own Communist Party was formed in 1937.
Battles of the Isonzo Invasion of Yugoslavia
The birth of Slovenia: - The first clear demand for Slovene independence was made in 1987 by a group of intellectuals in the 57th edition of the magazine Nova revija. Demands for democratisation and increase of Slovenian independence were sparked off. A mass democratic movement, coordinated by the Committee for the Defense of Human Rights, pushed the Communists in the direction of democratic reforms. - On 23 December 1990, more than 88% of the electorate voted for a sovereign and independent Slovenia - On 25 June, Slovenia became independent