Presentation on theme: "FAO NAMA learning tool to support NAMA preparation in agriculture"— Presentation transcript:
1 FAO NAMA learning tool to support NAMA preparation in agriculture Janie RiouxFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)UNFCCC Africa Regional Workshop on NAMAs17th August 2015, Kigali
2 Impact of climate change on agriculture Climate 2090 vs. 1990(Christensen et al IPCC AR4 2007)Affect crop and livestock productionLength of growing periodYield and yield stabilityCropping and grazing areasCost of food productionIncome from agricultureImpact all dimensions of food securityfood availabilityfood accessibilityfood supply stabilityfood utilization (food safety and nutrition)increasing temperatures,changing precipitation patterns andmore frequent and intense extreme weather events
3 Contribution of agriculture to climate change 24 % of global GHG emissions from AFOLU (2nd largest after energy, IPCC 2014)10-12 % of global GHG emissions from agriculture (IPCC 2014)In Africa the largest emitters in agriculture are:In Africa emissions from agriculture increased by 243 % in the last 50 years (FAOSTAT).Growing population and changes in food consumption patterns (i.e. increased protein-rich diet) will lead to additional increase in GHG emissions.(FAO Infographic)
4 Role of agriculture in GHG reduction and other benefits Many agricultural practices that reduce and remove GHG emissions can also deliver many other important benefits:Promoting sustainable intensification and higher yieldImproving farm efficiencysupporting climate change adaptationaddressing agriculture as a driver of deforestation and other land use changesreducing pollution from agricultureincreasing the potential for scaling up climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practicespromoting access to energy in rural areasWith appropriate mitigation actions it is possible to not only reduce GHG emissions but also to strengthen food security and rural livelihoods.
5 Rational for the FAO NAMA learning tool for AFOLU sector Objectives of the FAO NAMA tool:help agriculture stakeholders overcome knowledge barriers and get started with NAMA identification and planning.provide information on the type and quantity of resources (technical, human and financial) needed to develop and implement NAMAs.advice on how to achieve reductions in net GHG emissions in the AFOLU sector while supporting other sustainable development goals, such as food security.Available NAMA guides do not address specific questions related to AFOLU.(Avagyan, Karttunen, De Vit, and Rioux, FAO, 2015)
6 Format of the learning tool Structure of the toolWeb-based training package for individual learningAvailable online on the MICCA FAO websiteCan be adapted for face to face trainingThe tool includes:3-4 learning outcomes by module1-2 quizzes and exercises by module> 30 case studies on country examples and mitigation options> 50 references including 20 on methods for MRV and 10 on financing sourcesModule 1Climate change and agricultureModule 2Background on NAMAsModule 3Step by Step NAMA developmentModule 4Monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV)Module 5NAMA financing
7 Module 3: Step by step NAMA development 1- Identify options2- Evaluate and prioritize optionsIdentify stakeholders3- Engage key stakeholdersAgree on responsibilities4- Identify financing sources5- Develop a concept note6- Design NAMA7- ImplementCollect data for monitoringEvaluate, report and verifyInvolve all stakeholdersIdentify financing optionsApply for proposal development fundsApply for implementation fundsApply for capacity development
8 FAO’s support for NAMA development FAO’s technical support to countriesdefine baseline scenario and identify and set prioritiesmeasure impacts of mitigation actionsquantify sustainable development benefitsKnowledge sharingPublications, workshops, trainings, webinars and online communitiesof practicesToolsData development: FAOSTAT, GLEAMGHG monitoring and scenarios comparison: FAO EX-ACT toolLand use change monitoring: FAO Collect Earth
9 Step 1: Identifying NAMA options Step 1.4: Identifying GHG emissions caused by the AFOLU sectorFAOSTAT Emissions Database :Calculate GHG emissions estimates based on activity data from countries and Tier 1 IPCC default valuesProvide baselines based on FAO projections to 2030 and for agriculture categoriesGlobal Livestock Environmental Assessment Model (GLEAM):Support countries to identify and set priorities for the livestock sectorDefine baseline scenario and measure impacts of mitigation actions for the livestock sectorQuantify sustainable development benefits e.g. productivity gains
10 Thank you for your attention For further information on the NAMA learning tool and FAO support please contact:
12 Content of the tool Module 1 Module 2 Module 3 Module 4 Module 5 Climate change and agriculture: Module 1 provides an overview of the impacts of climate on agriculture and the AFOLU sector’s contribution to the total global net GHG emissions. The module also indicates the synergies between climate change mitigation, food security, rural development and climate change adaptation.Module 2Overview of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs): Module 2 introduces the concept of NAMA and situates NAMAs in the context of global climate change negotiations. Examples of NAMA initiatives in the agriculture sector are also given.Module 3Step-by-step NAMA development: Module 3 describes the step-by-step processes for developing NAMAs. It covers the preparations for concept notes and proposals. It also addresses topics such as feasibility, technological choices and the differences between a fast-track NAMA development and a more thorough NAMA preparation process.Module 4Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) for an AFOLU NAMA: Module 4 looks at different aspects of monitoring systems and MRV processes for NAMAs. It reviews how MRV systems assess a NAMA’s impact on the GHG emissions and the sustainable development benefits it delivers.Module 5Financing mechanisms and sources: Module 5 focuses on NAMA financing questions. It covers domestic, international, public and private financing and elaborates different criteria attached to NAMA financing by donors, climate funds and financing institutions.
13 Module 3: Step by Step NAMA development NAMA ideas, concept notes and proposal preparation Initiating NAMA developmentSteps in NAMA developmentstep 1: identifying NAMA optionsstep 2: evaluation and prioritization of NAMA optionsstep 3: stakeholder identification and mappingstep 4: processes for involving stakeholdersstep 5: identification of potential financing sourcesstep 6: concept note developmentstep 7: designing NAMA activitiesstep 8: implementation - putting a NAMA into actionList of guidebooks for NAMA developmentQuiz and exercisesquiz: step-by-step NAMA developmentexercise: prioritization matrixexercise: NAMA idea for a concept note developmentNot sure whether you need module by module description, check the next slide