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Changing Verbs From Present to Past and Future Second Grade Grammar.

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Presentation on theme: "Changing Verbs From Present to Past and Future Second Grade Grammar."— Presentation transcript:

1 Changing Verbs From Present to Past and Future Second Grade Grammar

2 Three Tenses of Verbs Verb Tense pastpresentfuture

3 Past Tense Verbs Most past tense verbs end in ed, but there are several rules to use while changing the present to past tense. Most past tense verbs end in ed, but there are several rules to use while changing the present to past tense. Past tense verbs tell action that has already happened. Past tense verbs tell action that has already happened. Some words change spelling to show past tense. Some words change spelling to show past tense.Examples: Beg = begged grow = grew Feed = fed like = liked Run = ran play = played

4 Present Tense Verbs Actions that happen now or today Actions that happen now or today Some present tense verbs have ing, s, or es on the end of them. Some present tense verbs have ing, s, or es on the end of them. Clue words: now, today Clue words: now, today Examples: Examples: Stays plays hikes drives Flies juggles fusses dresses Floats jogs runs carries

5 Future tense verbs Many verbs have the helping verb will in front of them to show they will be happening. Many verbs have the helping verb will in front of them to show they will be happening. Clue words to look for are: tomorrow, some day, next time, or next week. Clue words to look for are: tomorrow, some day, next time, or next week.Examples: Will play will lead will be happy Will have will eat will like

6 From Present to Past There are five ways to change a verb from present tense to past tense. There are five ways to change a verb from present tense to past tense. 1. Just add –ed. 2. Double the final consonant and add –ed. 3. Drop the final e and add –ed. 4. Change the y to i and add –ed. 5. Change the spelling. We did this when we changed a singular noun to a plural noun and with verb agreement too. We did this when we changed a singular noun to a plural noun and with verb agreement too.

7 Just add -ed Most verbs can change from the present to the past by just adding –ed. Most verbs can change from the present to the past by just adding –ed. Today I walk home. Yesterday I walked home. Did it rain today? It rained yesterday.

8 Doubling the Final Consonant When a present tense verb ends with one vowel and one consonant, double the final consonant and add –ed to make the verb change to past tense. Drop the ball. He dropped the ball. Hop on one foot. She hopped on one foot.

9 Dropping the Final e When a present tense verb ends with a sneaky/silent e, drop the e and add –ed to make the verb change to past tense. When a present tense verb ends with a sneaky/silent e, drop the e and add –ed to make the verb change to past tense. Skate with me. We skated together at the rink. I like to shop. I liked shopping with you.

10 Changing y to i When a present tense verb ends with a y, change the y to i and add –ed to make the verb change to past tense. When a present tense verb ends with a y, change the y to i and add –ed to make the verb change to past tense. Will you help me carry the groceries? We carried them to the kitchen. Eric asked me to marry him on New Years Day. We got married on August 2, 1997.

11 Changing the Spelling Sometimes a present tense verb changes its entire spelling to make the verb change to past tense. If it helps say, Yesterday I ______, to help find the right word to use in the past tense. Sometimes a present tense verb changes its entire spelling to make the verb change to past tense. If it helps say, Yesterday I ______, to help find the right word to use in the past tense. We eat lunch at 11:30. We ate lunch at 11:30 yesterday. Stand straight in line. We stood straight in line.

12 Now its your turn! How can you make these present tense verbs past tense verbs? like A. liked B. likeed C. likked take A. takedB. tookC. takeed

13 Try Some More bury A. buriedB. buryedC. buryyed mop A. mopped B. mopedC. mopeed go A. goedB. goneC. went

14 Future Tense The future has not yet happened, but we know it will. The future has not yet happened, but we know it will. Add will to the present tense verb to make the future tense. Add will to the present tense verb to make the future tense. Present - Today I go. Present - Today I go. Past - Yesterday I went. Past - Yesterday I went. Future - Tomorrow I will go. Future - Tomorrow I will go.

15 Adding –ing to a present tense verb All the rules used for changing the present tense verb to a past tense verb can also be used when adding –ing to the verb except for changing the spelling and do not drop the y when adding –ing. All the rules used for changing the present tense verb to a past tense verb can also be used when adding –ing to the verb except for changing the spelling and do not drop the y when adding –ing. PresentPast with-ed Present with -ing carrycarriedcarrying eatateeating walkwalkedwalking likelikedliking dropdroppeddropping


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