Presentation on theme: "THE OPPORTUNITY From “Brutal Facts” to the Best Schools We’ve Every Had Dr. Mike Schmoker."— Presentation transcript:
1THE OPPORTUNITYFrom “Brutal Facts” to the Best Schools We’ve Every HadDr. Mike Schmoker
2DO WE TRULY WANT THE BEST SCHOOLS WE’VE EVER HAD? Because organizations only improve…“where the truth is told and the brutal facts confronted”Jim Collins“We must overcome the awful inertia of past decades”Michael Fullan
3Brutal FactsOnly about 50% of students who enter college ever graduate – primarily becauseK-12 does not prepare most of them for college.Haycock; ConleyOnly 32% of our college-bound students are adequately prepared for college.“Understanding University Success”Center for Educational Policy ResearchOnly 7% of low-income students will ever earn a college degree.Haycock
4Brutal Facts“The Teacher Effect makes all the other differences pale in comparison.”William SandersFive years of effective teaching can completely close the gap between low-income students and others.Marzano; Kain & Hanushek
5The Real Opportunity…In a 45 minute class only 15 minutes of actual instruction takes place.“Most of us in education are mediocre at what we do.”Tom WagnerHarvard Graduate School of EducationEvery study of classroom practice reveals that most teaching is mediocre—or worseGoodlad; Sizer, Resnick; Powell, Farrar & Cohen; Learning 24/7 Classroom Study
6WHY IS MOST TEACHING MEDIOCRE? The administrative superstructure of schools buffer teaching from outside inspection.Richard ElmoreYou can’t expect what you don’t inspect.Peter Senge
7BRUTAL FACTSDespite hundreds of initiatives, programs and plans, we still DO NOT INSPECT:WHAT is actually taught (essential standards)HOW WELL (effective lessons/units)Gordon; Elmore; Marzano; Tyack & Cuban; Hess; Berlinger
8EFFECTIVE LESSONS HAVE: Checks for understand.A clearly stated standardTeacher examples (modeling)Whole group practicePartner practiceIndividual practiceAssessmentAdjustments based on the assessment resultsAddresses higher level thinking skills
9FIRST THINGS FIRST: IMPROVE INSTRUCTION Replace “IMPROVEMENT PLANNING” with a focus on “IMPROVED TEACHING” through learning communities.VIABLE CURRICULUMStart with high leverage opportunities, literacy instructionCrayola Curriculum
10LEARNING COMMUNITIES: AN ASTONISHING CONCURRENCE “Professionals do not work alone; they work in teams…to accomplish the goal– to heal the patient, win the lawsuit, plan the building.”Authur Wise: Teaching Teams: a 21st – Century Paradigm For Organizing America’s Schools
111. First: Adopt “Simple Plans” to create & sustain LEARNNG COMMUNITIES DATA – driven (academic priorities)GOALS: that are measurable/tied to an assessmentTEAMWORK that produces short-term assessment results…Anchored by a GUARANTEED & VIABLE CURRICULUM
12DATA DRIVEN PRIORITIES SET measurable, annual goalsIDENTIFY lowest –scoring standards from ASSESSMENTSUSE formative assessment data (measurable results from lessons)Teacher teams create tests for non-tested courses.
13AUTHENTIC TEAM-BASED PLC’S: Plan lessons or units teach assess adjust instructionFaculty meetings should focus on teaching, not just announcements. These meetings can be used to build instructional team strategies.
142. GUARANTEED VIABLE CURRICULUM Do schools ensure that a viable curriculum actually gets taught?Often curriculum has no impact on instruction.Curriculum Guide = well-meaning fictionTeaching based on textbooks?
152. GUARANTEED VIABLE CURRICULUM Instructional Dead End CycleThe more worksheets a teacher gives The more worksheets to grade When are these graded? During Instruction time?
16“The heart of instruction is the monitoring of instruction.” 3. LEADERSHIP IN THE PCL“The heart of instruction is the monitoring of instruction.”Dan LortieWe do not monitor instruction.Berliner; Marzano; Smith & Andrews; Elmore; Reeves
17THE LEADERSHIP ILLUSION “Direct involvement in instruction is among the least frequent activities performed by administrators of any kind at any level.”Richard Elmore 200This is not a matter of work ethic;It is a matter of misplaced priorities.
18Monitoring: Instruction and Guaranteed & Viable Curriculum LEADERSHIPMonitoring: Instruction and Guaranteed & Viable CurriculumLEADERS MUST:Conduct Walk-throughs looking for:Clear focus on essential standardsCritical reasoning/higher-order thinkingEssential elements of an effective lesson
19LEADERSHIP – Team Management QUARTERLY CURRICULUM REVIEW:Leaders and Team discuss…Quarterly assessments/resultsLists of standards taughtGrade books reflecting standardsScored student work samples
20“Small wins” to overcome resistance & promote buy-in RECOGNIZE & CELEBRTE“Small wins” to overcome resistance & promote buy-inThe #1 LEVER FOR IMPROVING MORALE AND EFFECTIVE PRACTICEBest leverageLow cost leverage
214. UNPARALELLED OPPORTUNITY: LITERACY INSTRUCTION “Underdeveloped literacy skills are the number one reason why students are retained, assigned to special education, given long-term remedial services and why they fail to graduate from high school.”Ferrandino and Tirozzi: presidents of NAESP and NASSP
22BRUTAL FACTS; GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY 40 minutes a day for writing60 minute a day for actual reading
23WRITING IMPORTANT?Writing is the litmus paper of thought…the very center of schooling. Ted SizerWriting aids in cognitive development to such an extent that the upper reaches of Bloom’s taxonomy could not be reached without the use of some form of writing.Kurt and Farris 1990
24BRUTAL FACTS“For all its unparalleled cognitive benefits, little or no real writing instruction takes place in the regular classrooms.”Kameenui and CarnineWe don’t teach writing…we make writing assignments.
25K-12/COLLEGE SUCCESSAnalytical READINGPersuasive WRITINGOnly 31% of college graduates can read a complex book and extrapolate from it.National Center for Education StatisticsOnly 24% write at the “proficient” level; 4% were rated “high”NAEP study
26FOR SWIFT, DRAMATIC IMPROVEMENT FOCUS ON: TEAM-BASED Professional Learning CommunitiesGUARANTEED and VIABLE CurriculumRADICAL changes to literacy instructionWith CELEBRATION of EVERY “SMALL WIN”
27WHY BOTHER?With an average teacher = percentile gain in 3 years.Marzano, SandersThe question is not, “Is it possible to educate all children well?”But ratherDo we want to do it badly enough?”Deborah Meier