Presentation on theme: "By Laura Ingalls Wilder Illustrations by Garth Williams"— Presentation transcript:
1 By Laura Ingalls Wilder Illustrations by Garth Williams The Swimming HoleGenre: Classic Historical FictionAuthor’s Purpose: Inform, EntertainReading Skill: ThemeBy Laura Ingalls WilderIllustrations by Garth Williams
2 Summary Laura loves wading in the creek of her prairie home. But when Ma and Pa take her to the swimming hole, she realizes that she loves swimming even more. Laura knows that she is never supposed to go to the swimming hole without a grownup to take her. One hot day, though, she just can't resist heading for the swimming hole's cool water. One thing that stops her from going in the water is a fierce badger that snarls at her and frightens her into returning home.
3 Genre: Historical Fiction Historical Fiction is fiction that takes place in the past.The author makes up the characters and events, but the characters and events seem real.The setting is important, and the problems and events are based on things that really did or could have happened during the time period.
4 Comprehension Skill - Theme Theme is the underlyingmeaning or “big idea” ofa story.Sometimes an author states the theme directly.Sometimes readers have to figure out the theme on their own, using evidence from the text to support their big idea.
5 Vocabulary Skill – Antonyms Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings.Many writers create sentences in which a known word may be used as a clue to the meaning of an antonym.Examples :I’m not happy, I’m distraught.She waded through the shallow creed because it wasn’t too deep to cross.
6 Comprehension Review – Cause and Effect An effect is something that happenAsk yourself the question What happens?A cause is something that makes an effect happenAsk yourself Why did it happen?Click on the words “Cause and Effect” to practice the skill.
7 More Good Stuff Vocabulary Matching Internet Workshop Vocabulary Word SearchVocabulary Hang ManVocabulary MatchingInternet WorkshopLearn About Laura Ingalls WilderLaura Ingalls Wilder Scavenger Hunt
8 More on Fables Listen to Fables Aesop's Fables More Aesop’s Fables Webquest
9 Writing AssignmentWrite a paragraph telling whether you are more like Mary or more like Laura. Give specific reasons for your answer. Be sure to proofread for punctuation and grammar.
10 Weekly Fluency Check - Read with Expression Students should match the tone of voice to the tone of the piece. In this passage the tone of the story is light and cheery. But soon the tone becomes more serious when Laura gets dunked. This change should reflect in the readers voice.Go to pages , beginning with “Everything was watery. . .”
11 Say It!bristleddugoutjointednaughtypunishrushesshallow
37 That was a frightful experience when I heard that awful sound.
38 That was a frightful experience when I heard that awful sound.
39 I waded out into the water where the rushes grew.
40 I waded out into the water where the rushes grew.
41 Review QuestionsWhy do you think Laura and Mary are told never to go near the hole?How does Laura act at the swimming hole?What does this say about her character?Do you think Laura really understands why “being good could never be as hard as being watched”? Why or why not?Why do you think Mrs. Wilder chose the prairie as the setting of her books?
42 Review Questions 2 What part does the badger play in the story? Why do Ma and Pa not want the girls to go to the swimming hole?What is the theme (big idea) of this story?What troubled Laura the most after returning home after going near the swimming hole?How does Laura probably feel about her parents?
43 Spelling Words Homophones theirtherethey’reyouryou’rewoodwouldtootwoto
44 Spelling Words Homophones closepiecepeacethrownthronebeatbeetbreakbrakeclothes
45 Let’s review our words. Watch carefully because they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We will clap as we spell the word. Don’t be fooled this week. You have to get the correct homophone in the sentence!