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Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Presented by Northwatch and the Forest Project Team.

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Presentation on theme: "Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Presented by Northwatch and the Forest Project Team."— Presentation transcript:

1 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Presented by Northwatch and the Forest Project Team

2 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning What is The Forest Project? A Northwatch initiative to: increase public involvement in the forest management planning process support the work of Local Citizen Committees develop a network of forest management planning participants across northeastern Ontario

3 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Workshop Outline The northeastern Ontario forest Forest Health Some Environment & Forestry Concerns Forests & Our Economy Forest Management Planning Wrap-up

4 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning The northeastern Ontario forest Forest Health Forest Management Planning Some Environment & Forestry Concerns Forests & Our Economy Wrap-up

5 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning The northeastern Ontario forest

6 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Boreal softwoods: jack pine black and white spruce balsam fir Shade intolerant hardwoods: aspen white birch poplar Boreal Forest Part of a band of forest circling the northern globe, the fire- driven boreal forest is the largest forest region in Ontario. The northeastern Ontario forest

7 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Great Lakes St. Lawrence Forest sugar maple white and red pine red and white oak hemlock ash poplar yellow and white birch Despite two centuries of logging, some remnants of the original Great Lakes St. Lawrence forest remain, showcased by often dramatic topography. The northeastern Ontario forest

8 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning MNR RegionsForest Eco- Regions The northeastern Ontario forest

9 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning

10 The Algoma Forest

11 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning The North Shore Forest Northshore Forest Management Unit is located in Northeastern Ontario. Major communities within the unit are Thessalon, Iron Bridge, Blind River, Elliot Lake, Massey, Webwood and Espanola.

12 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Northshore Forest Approximately 60% of the land base is Crown Land. Northshore Forest is situated primarily within the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence forest region. A transition to Boreal forest conditions can be seen in its northern limits. The forest supports tree species such as Red, White and Jack Pine, Spruce, Poplar, White Birch and Maple. Major firms receiving wood from the Nortshore Forest include St. Marys Paper Ltd., Domtar Forest Inc., Forestply Industries Inc., Midway Lumber Mills Ltd., and Birchland Veneer.

13 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Northshore Forest Management Plan Five year planned harvest area 48,408 ha. Total site preparation area forecast 12,940 ha. Total renewal area forecast 43,645 ha. Total tending area forecast 9,750 ha. No new primary roads are planned. There are 86.7 kms of reclassified secondary roads (reclassified from tertiary roads) and 47.5 kms of newly planned construction for a total of kms new secondary roads.

14 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning The northeastern Ontario forest Forest Health Some Environment & Forestry Concerns Forests & Our Economy Forest Management Planning Wrap-up

15 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Changing Forest Landscape conditions Changing Biodiveristy Changing Atmospheric Environment Factors affecting forest health can include: Forest Health

16 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Healthy forests recreation and tourism opportunities genetic diversity - plants, animals soil stability air and water quality aesthetics local economies habitat for animals outdoor laboratories for scientific study Forest Health

17 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Forests provide many valuable ecosystem or environmental services, including climate stabilization, carbon storage, protection of hydrological function, and biodiversity conservation. Environmental services Forest Health

18 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning The northeastern Ontario forest Forest Health Some Environment & Forestry Concerns Forests & Our Economy Forest Management Planning Wrap-up

19 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Roads Old Growth Forests Clearcutting Forest Fragmentation Herbicide Use Sustainability & Biodiversity Environment and Forestry Concerns

20 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Roads May affect the forests health by: compacting soil altering water flows leading to soil erosion and sedimentation of water bodies acting as entry points for invasive exotic plant species changing wildlife movement and behavior such as breeding and migration routes increasing fishing pressure on some lakes changing predator / prey relationships causing road kills which may impact on the population of some animals fragmenting ecosystems Environment and Forestry Concerns

21 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Some Environment & Forestry Concerns Roads Old Growth Forests Clearcutting Forest Fragmentation Herbicide Use Sustainability & Biodiversity Environment and Forestry Concerns

22 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Old Growth Forests Old Growth Forests maintain biodiversity, provide critical habitat, are valued for tourism (wilderness experiences) Forests store carbon in trees, woody matter, soils and trees. Old growth forests store more carbon than younger, smaller trees. Old Growth Forest contain a diversity of forest species not found in young forests. Old Growth Forests are an important source of scientific and ecological information Environment and Forestry Concerns

23 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Roads Old Growth Forests Clearcutting Forest Fragmentation Herbicide Use Sustainability & Biodiversity Environment and Forestry Concerns

24 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Clearcutting may cause soil degradation and erosion, changes in water quality, nutrient losses and loss of biodiversity, and may drastically alter forest habitat and wildlife behaviour. Clearcutting has also been shown to change snow accumulation and melt and to increase the fire hazard. Clearcutting is the method of harvesting used in 88% of forestry operations in Ontario. Environment and Forestry Concerns

25 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Clearcutting … is a massive experiment on public lands. Environmental Commissioner of Ontario, 2002 Environment and Forestry Concerns

26 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Roads Old Growth Forests Clearcutting Forest Fragmentation Herbicide Use Sustainability & Biodiversity Environment and Forestry Concerns

27 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Fragments have greater amount of edge for the area of habitat The centre of each habitat fragment is closer to an edge Forest Fragmentation Environment and Forestry Concerns

28 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Corridors are safe passage ways for species to travel between habitat areas in a surrounding area of inhospitability. They are strips of land that link protected areas together. Habitat Corridors Environment and Forestry Concerns

29 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Roads Old Growth Forests Clearcutting Forest Fragmentation Herbicide Use Sustainability & Biodiversity Environment and Forestry Concerns

30 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Herbicide Use Use of herbicides to control competing vegetation is wide spread in forest management in Ontario 70, ,000 hectares are treated with herbicides each year; approximately 140,000 kg. per year of glyphosate and about 8,000 kg. of 2,4-D Public concerns with respect to affects on: –Amphibians –Wildlife –unknown long-term impacts on the environment Environment and Forestry Concerns

31 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Roads Old Growth Forests Clearcutting Forest Fragmentation Herbicide Use Sustainability & Biodiversity Environment and Forestry Concerns

32 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning An important element of forest sustainability is maintaining the forests biodiversity. Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms from all sources including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems. Environment and Forestry Concerns

33 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Aspects of Forest Biodiversity Function: Habitat Eco-services Nutrients StructureCompositionPattern Environment and Forestry Concerns

34 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning The northeastern Ontario forest Forest Health Some Environment & Forestry Concerns Forests & Our Economy Forest Management Planning Wrap-up

35 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Forests contribute significantly to the province's economic and social well-being. The forest product industries, the tourism and recreation sector and the non-timber forest products producers all rely on the forest for their livelihood, and contribute to the local, regional and provincial economies. Forests & Our Economy

36 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Forest Product Industries in Northeastern Ontario Of the 84,000 people employed in the forestry industry in Ontario, 22,500 are located in the North. 10,600 in forestry and logging 30,400 in paper manufacturing 40,200 in wood product manufacturing. Forests & Our Economy

37 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Wood supply issues Great – Lakes St. Lawrence Forest Current shortage of hardwood sawlogs and veneer Current surplus of low- grade hardwoods Long term trend toward declining poplar supplies Unregenerated white pine backlog Boreal Forest Future wood supply drops below current demand Quality of wood supply information Forests & Our Economy

38 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Non Timber Forest Products Non-timber forest products (NTFP) are botanical products harvested or originating from forest plants. NTFPs include: foods (eg. mushrooms, wild rice, blueberries, maple syrup) health and personal care products (eg. pharmaceuticals) materials and manufacturing products landscape and garden products decorative and aesthetic products Forests & Our Economy

39 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Northern Ontario is enjoying strong growth in its tourism sector and has the potential to substantially increase its share of the global tourism market. Resource-based tourism is a key growth area in the North, including eco-tourism, adventure travel and Aboriginal tourism. Tourism in northern Ontario Forests & Our Economy

40 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Recreation in northern Ontario... Ontario resident recreation related annual expenditures… Wildlife viewing $410 Million Recreational Fishing $762 Million Hunting $200 Million Forests & Our Economy

41 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning The northeastern Ontario forest Forest Health Some Environment & Forestry Concerns Forests & Our Economy Forest Management Planning Wrap-up

42 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Forest management planning is... Ecological health Economic needs Social responsibility A balancing act… Are we managing the forest sustainably? Forest management planning

43 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Managing Forests for Timber and Non-Timber values Ontarios Crown forests provide opportunities for recreation, tourism, wildlife, trapping, hunting and plant harvesting. Forest management planning

44 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning The Forest Management Planning Manual (FMPM) FMPM provides direction for all aspects of forest management planning for management units designated under the Crown Forest Sustainability Act (CFSA) in the Area of the Undertaking (AOU). Forest Management Planning

45 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning A Forest Management Plan deals with three main categories of forestry activities: A Forest Management Plan (FMP) access (road construction, maintenance) harvest (cutting methods) regeneration (planting and tending) Forest Management Planning

46 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning ACCESS Types of Road Corridors Primary road the main road system which provides access for the management unit normally permanent part of road system regularly maintained Branch roads branch off of primary roads to provide access to, through or between areas of operation Operational roads provide short-term access within areas of operation for harvest, renewal and tending normally not maintained after they are no longer required for forest management purposes Often site prepared and regenerated Forest Management Planning

47 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Three types of harvesting systems common in Ontario: 1. clear cut - most or all trees of merchantable value are usually removed from the site. 2. shelterwood - trees are harvested in a series of two or more operations. 3. selection - individual trees or small groups of trees are cut. HARVEST Forest Management Planning

48 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning In a clearcut harvest operation, most trees of commercial value are usually removed from the site. Forest Management Planning

49 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning In the shelterwood system, mature trees are harvested in a series of two or more cuts. Forest Management Planning

50 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning In the selection system, individual trees or small groups of trees are cut. Forest Management Planning

51 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning REGENERATION Regeneration: The renewal of a tree crop by natural means such as self seeding or by operations such as planting seedlings or seeding. Regeneration is a component of forest renewal. Forest Renewal: silvicultural work such as tree marking, site preparation, cone collection, stock production, tree planting, tending, protection and regeneration assessments Forest Management Planning

52 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Forest Management Planning Natural regeneration is the most common method of regeneration in Ontario, followed by site preparation.

53 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Forest Management Planning Release treatments – including herbicide application and manual tending – is the most common tending treatment.

54 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Government - Ministry of Natural Resources - Ministry of the Environment Forest Industry - Sustainable Forest License Holders - SFL Shareholders, Independent Operators First Nations General public - Local Citizens Committees - Participants in Information Sessions & Tours - Written Comments and Phone calls - Groups & Organizations Meetings with MNR / SFL / LCC Key Forest Management Planning Participants: Forest Management Planning

55 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning The Forest Industry Forest Licensee Sustainable Forest Licences (SFLs) Long term (up to 20 yrs) Reviewed every 5 years Require the licensee to carry out renewal and maintenance activities The Crown Forest Sustainability Act requires that all mills consuming > 1,000 m 3 of timber must have a licence. Forest Resource Licences (FRLs) Short term (up to 5 yrs) typically cover portions of management units and overlap with an area covered by an SFL FRL holders must also must comply with the CFSA Forest Management Planning

56 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Northshore Forest Inc. Sustainable Forest License is held by the Northshore Forest Inc. (NFI) Co-operative licence was granted in 1998 NFI is comprised of four shareholders (St. Mary's Paper Ltd., Midway Lumber Mills Ltd., Domtar Inc.,and the North Shore Independent Forestry Association Inc. (NSIFAI)) Domtar Inc. has been retained under contract to design and deliver the forest management program for the SFL holder. Twenty-nine overlapping licence fees operate on the forest. NSIFAI represents twenty-one of these licensees.

57 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Provide advice to the MNR District Manager, as well as providing input on the forest management plan as it is developed, and then monitoring its implementation. Membership of LCCs represent a range and balance of interests. Local Citizens Committees Forest Management Planning

58 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Aboriginal Peoples MNR is required to negotiate with Aboriginal peoples to identify and implement ways for achieving more equal participation by Aboriginal people in the benefits of forest management Opportunities are to be provided for participation of Aboriginal communities in the forest management planning process, including through participation in the planning team and the preparation of a detailed Native Background Information Report and Native Values maps. Forest Management Planning

59 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Resource Stewardship Agreements (RSAs) are developed in a parallel process which is already underway by Stage One. Sustainable Forest Licensees and Resource Based Tourism operators discuss their respective concerns and agree on certain things like tourism values, forest management prescriptions and road use management strategies, and a Resource Stewardship Agreement is developed. Tourism Industry Forest Management Planning

60 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Forest Management Planning

61 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning An overview of the ten year forest management planning process: Phase IInvitation to Participate Long Term Management Direction Proposed Operations Draft Plan Final Plan Inspection/Approval FOREST MANAGEMENT PLAN IMPLEMENTATION Phase IIProposed Operations Draft Plan Final Inspection / Approval FOREST MANAGEMENT PLAN IMPLEMENTATION Forest Management Planning

62 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Forest Management Planning

63 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Invitation to Participate and Setting Long Term Management Directions: important first steps in the forest management planning process Phase I Invitation to Participate Long Term Management Direction Proposed Operations Draft Plan Final Plan Inspection/Approval Forest Management Planning

64 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Invitation to Participate A public notice is issued, inviting the public to: identify their interest in the local forest and forest management planning process provide any background information related to the local forest, and share their views on the desired future forest and benefits. Forest Management Planning

65 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Long Term Management Directions …what steps or topics are included? The Long Term Management Direction is developed through a number of steps, each one building on the previous The process is an iterative one; for example, an earlier step will be reviewed for consistency with a later step Forest Management Planning

66 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Long Term Management Directions …what steps or topics are included? Describing the forest developing a base (computer) model doing a computer based scoping analysis to evaluate whether the forest is able to meet current wood supply demand determining the desired forest and benefits, developing objectives and indicators, developing a management strategy, which includes harvest levels Forest Management Planning

67 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Long Term Management Directions …what steps or topics are included? assessing how well the identified objectives have been achieved, making a preliminary determination about whether the forest will be sustainable, identifying primary road corridors producing a summary of the long term management direction for public review Forest Management Planning

68 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Long Term Management Directions …why are they important? They set directions and priorities for the ten year forest management plan (two 5 year operational phases) They include the objectives and targets for the forest management plan Forest Management Planning

69 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Long Term Management Directions …why are they important? They include the harvest levels and renewal targets There is a sign-off after the public review of the Long Term Management Directions which means it will be hard to make changes later in the planning process Forest Management Planning

70 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning The Long Term Management Directions provide the strategic direction for operational planning in Stages 3 and 4 of the forest management plans development. Phase I Invitation to Participate Long Term Management Direction Proposed Operations Draft Plan Final Plan Inspection/Approval Forest Management Planning

71 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Issue Resolution Procedure If concerns have not been resolved informally, through meetings and discussions with the planning team or plan author, a formal process is available to assist in resolving conflicts. Steps include: writing to the plan author and meeting between the plan author and the concerned person or group; If not resolved then, May be referred to LCC to advise the District Manager refer the matter to the District Manager(DM) of the local Ministry of Natural Resources the final stage is discussing the matter with the MNR Regional Director. Forest Management Planning

72 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Bump-Up Request Individual Environmental Assessment Request Minister of the Environment decides on outcome Forest Management Planning

73 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning The northeastern Ontario forest Forest Health Forest Management Planning Some Environment & Forestry Concerns Forests & Our Economy Wrap-up

74 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Workshop Wrap Up Forest health and forest management are inextricably linked Forest management planning process is built on public participation Early participation is effective participation Forest Management Plan for Northshore Forest is in the early stages of planning –information collection this fall –invitation to participate to be issued early 2008 Workshop Wrap-up

75 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Contacts Northwatch Forest Project Brennain Lloyd, Ministry of Natural Resources Gord Campbell, Area Forester MNR Blind River Area Office, 62 Queen St, Blind River P0R 1B0 Phone: (705) Fax: (705) Northshore Forest Inc. Norm Iles, Plan Author, (705) Bill Moryto, Management Forester, (705) Ext. 265 Workshop Wrap-up

76 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Thank you and good night ….

77 Getting Started: An Introduction to Forest Management Planning Photography credits Things Great and Small Larry and Ute Kissau, Limberlost Lodge And... Vijanti Ramlogan Murphy Brennain Lloyd Georgena MacDonald Tim Gray Ministry of Natural Resources Sierra Legal Defence Fund


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