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Quiz, Quiz, Trade Cards Important People in American History.

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Presentation on theme: "Quiz, Quiz, Trade Cards Important People in American History."— Presentation transcript:

1 Quiz, Quiz, Trade Cards Important People in American History

2 Important People in United States History Principal author of the Declaration of Independence US Ambassador to France Washingtons Secretary of State 3 rd President Authorized Louisiana Purchase Thomas Jefferson

3 Important People in United States History Delegate to 1 st and 2 nd Continental Congresses Commander-in-chief of the Continental Army Chairman of the Constitutional Convention 1 st President of the USA-served two terms George Washington

4 Important People in United States History 16 th President of USA Helped build the Republican Party Administration –Civil War –Gettysburg Address –Emancipation Proclamation Assassinated before he could implement Reconstruction Plans Abraham Lincoln

5 Important People in United States History Rough Rider during the Spanish American War Vice-Pres. For McKinley; succeeded to presidency after the assassination Supported expansionism, Panama Canal, powerful navy, national parks, prosecuted trusts Theodore Roosevelt

6 Important People in United States History Most renowned defense attorney of his time Argued criminal conspiracy cases, union violence, and labor union cases Most famous case: defense of John T. Scopes in Tennessee case of teaching evolution Clarence Darrow

7 Important People in United States History Noted politician and orator Supported reforms benefiting ordinary people Ran unsuccessfully for president three times Famous Speech: Cross of Gold William Jennings Bryan

8 Important People in United States History Mass produced the Model T automobile Reduced the price of the Model T by refining the assembly line World-wide influence on the development of the automobile industry Henry Ford

9 Important People in United States History Set a record flying The Spirit of St. Louis non-stop from St. Louis to Paris on May 20-21, 1927 Served as a technical advisor to commercial airlines and to the US military following the attack on Pearl Harbor Charles A. Lindbergh

10 Important People in United States History Social Reformer; partnered with Elizabeth Cady Stanton Organized the Womens State Temperance Society Outspoken proponent of Womens Suffrage and equal rights for women Susan B. Anthony

11 Important People in United States History 1888 first African American to earn Ph.D. at Harvard Called for immediate extension of rights to blacks, opportunities for education, and equal access to public facilities Believed in the Talented Tenth Active in NAACP W.E.B. DuBois

12 Important People in United States History Montgomery, Alabama minister rose to prominence in Civil Rights Movement 1957 Organized the Southern Christian Leadership Conference Organized sit-ins, boycotts, and protest marches I Have a Dream Speech during march on Washington Assassinated 1968 Martin Luther King, Jr.

13 Important People in United States History U.S. Army General during WWII –Eisenhowers eyes and ears in North Africa –Commanded the First Army on D-Day U.S. Army Chief of Staff in 1948 First Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Omar Bradley

14 Important People in United States History Scottish immigrant to US Fortune made in production of steel using the Bessemer Process Shared wealth through a range of philanthropic causes, granting more than $350,000,000 to worthy causes such as libraries, research, and education Andrew Carnegie

15 Important People in United States History 1964 elected to New York Legislature without support of New York political machines 1968 First African-American woman elected to the U.S. Congress Ran unsuccessfully for president in 1972 Shirley Chisholm

16 Important People in United States History Supported unionization and labor reform, opposed strikes, and favored negotiations as a means to improve labor Founded the American Railway Union in 1893, its failure convinced him to call for a socialist economy Joined the Socialist Democratic Party Ran unsuccessfully for president five times Eugene V. Debs

17 Important People in United States History U.S. Military General –Commanded Allied forces in Europe during WWII –Commanded Allied forces on D-Day 34 th President of the United States (two terms) Negotiated peace in the Korean Conflict Cold War grew between the USA and the USSR during his administration Dwight D. Eisenhower

18 Important People in United States History Senator from Massachusetts Supported American expansionism to gain world power Helped Theodore Roosevelt craft the large policy –American canal through Central America –Coaling stations on Pacific Islands –Strong Navy to protect the Merchant Marines Henry Cabot Lodge

19 Important People in United States History U.S. Military General –Commander of U.S. Forces in the Far East WWII –Presided over the surrender of Japan –Military Governor of Japan 1945-50 –United Nations commander in Korea –Relieved from command by President Truman in conflict over tactics Douglas MacArthur

20 Important People in United States History WWI Veteran Organized the Civil Conservation Corp during the New Deal U.S. Army Chief of Staff during WWII Secretary of State under the Truman Administration Developed the plan to rebuild the European economy following WWII Nobel Peace Prize 1953 George Marshall

21 Important People in United States History Most noted representational expressionist painter in America Famous for painting of the desert Southwest Georgia OKeefe

22 Important People in United States History Considered one of the most successful American field commanders WWI-learned tank tactics WWII –Directed amphibious attacks in North Africa –Commanded Third Army on march into Germany Strong opponent to communists George Patton, Jr.

23 Important People in United States History Elected to four terms as President of the United States New Deal reforms were proposed to counter the Great Depression in four areas: finance, industry, agriculture, and welfare relief Supported allies in WWII 22 nd amendment limited presidential terms to two Franklin D. Roosevelt

24 Important People in United States History Vice-President of USA Succeeded to Presidency following FDRs death Authorized the use of the atomic bomb in Japan Truman Doctrine: pledged U.S. support to nations opposing Communism Cold War began during his administration Korean Conflict began during his administration Harry S. Truman

25 Important People in United States History Mexican American labor activist Organized the United Farm Workers of America Nonviolent protests: strikes, fasts, and boycotts to draw attention to the needs of migrant farm labor Negotiated first industry wide labor contracts Cesar Chavez

26 Important People in United States History President of Princeton University; Governor of NJ 20 th President of the United States Federal Reserve Act and the Federal Trade Commission began during his administration WWI Peace Plan known as 14 Points Dream of League of Nations not approved by Congress Woodrow Wilson

27 Important People in United States History Massachusetts Congressman Pulitzer Prize for Profiles in Courage 1 st televised presidential debate vs. Richard Nixon Administration –Peace Corp –Bay of Pigs –Cuban Missile Crisis –Civil Rights emphasis Assassinated Nov. 22, 1963 Ask not what your country can do for youask what you can do for your country. John F. Kennedy

28 Important People in United States History 12/11/1955 she was arrested for not giving up her bus seat to a white man Prompted the Montgomery Bus Boycott Led to Supreme Court ruling that segregated public transportation was illegal Civil Rights advocate Rosa Parks

29 Important People in United States History Senator that contributed to the Red Scare by accusing prominent Americans of being communists in the 1950s In 1954 televised hearings, he bullied, harassed, and accused witnesses of un- American activities with little or no evidence Senate censured him in December 1954 Joseph McCarthy


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