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Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (Cold Fusion) Jean-Paul Biberian Maître de Conférence, Faculté des Sciences de Luminy, CNRS / CRMC-N / Université dAix-Marseille.

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Presentation on theme: "Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (Cold Fusion) Jean-Paul Biberian Maître de Conférence, Faculté des Sciences de Luminy, CNRS / CRMC-N / Université dAix-Marseille."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (Cold Fusion) Jean-Paul Biberian Maître de Conférence, Faculté des Sciences de Luminy, CNRS / CRMC-N / Université dAix-Marseille II Tél:

3 Budapest November 15, Overview A brief history of Cold Fusion The original Pons & Fleischmann experiment Excess Heat Helium detection Particles Transmutation Theory Conferences Laboratories Conclusion

4 Brief history of Cold Fusion Discovered by Professors Stan Pons and Martin Fleischman in Announced at a press conference on March 23, Immediately after the scientific community split in two: a large majority disbelieved the reality of Cold Fusion, and a small minority either believed in the results, or managed to duplicate the results.

5 The original Pons & Fleishmann experiment

6 CRMC-N 29 janvier Experimental set up LiOD Silver coating Thermistor cathode anode Constant temperature bath

7 CRMC-N 29 janvier Experimental set up

8 CRMC-N 29 janvier Reactions D + D T + p4.0 MeV 50% D + D He-3 + n3.3 MeV 50% D + D He-4 + gamma24 MeV 10 -7

9 CRMC-N 29 janvier Miracles 1- The Coulomb barrier 2- No neutrons (where is the dead graduate student?) 3- No gamma rays

10 Excess Heat measurements

11 CRMC-N 29 janvier Double cathode : Arata

12 CRMC-N 29 janvier Experimental set up : Arata

13 CRMC-N 29 janvier Excess Heat D 2 O vs H 2 O : Arata

14 CRMC-N 29 janvier Co-deposition Pd/D : Miles et al.

15 CRMC-N 29 janvier Co-deposition Pd/D : Biberian Dewar Palladium Platinum Thermistor in Thermistor out 100 ml/min distilled water at constant temperature Pump

16 CRMC-N 29 janvier Experiments with D 2 O- P out vs time

17 CRMC-N 29 janvier Experiments with H 2 O- P out vs time

18 CRMC-N 29 janvier Comparison D 2 O/H 2 O

19 CRMC-N 29 janvier Energy produced Total energy produced, without correction for heat conduction losses: 0.33 MJ Assuming 100 kJ/mole : 3.3 moles Palladium electrode :1g, i.e. : 0.01 mole If D+D He-4 : atoms He-4 produced in 21 days, seconds, He-4/sec.

20 CRMC-N 29 janvier Gold layer on palladium : Biberian days Gold plated Pd XSH (W)

21 CRMC-N 29 janvier Laser stimulation : Letts-Cravens Laser on Laser Polar. change

22 Particles detection Helium Tritium Neutrons Protons X-rays

23 CRMC-N 29 janvier Arata : Helium-4

24 CRMC-N 29 janvier Claytor : Tritium

25 CRMC-N 29 janvier Experimental set up : Jones

26 CRMC-N 29 janvier Jones : Neutrons

27 CRMC-N 29 janvier Experimental set up : Violante

28 CRMC-N 29 janvier X rays : Violante

29 Transmutation

30 CRMC-N 29 janvier Transmutations : Iwamura

31 CRMC-N 29 janvier Experimental set up : Iwamura

32 CRMC-N 29 janvier Cs Pr : Iwamura

33 CRMC-N 29 janvier Sr Mo : Iwamura

34 CRMC-N 29 janvier Anomalous Mo : Iwamura

35 CRMC-N 29 janvier Transmutation reactions : Iwamura Sr + 4 D Mo Cs + 4 D Pr

36 CRMC-N 29 janvier Anomalous Copper : Violante

37 CRMC-N 29 janvier Theories Phonon interaction. Plasmon interaction Bose Einstein type condensation. Electron screening. Hydrinos, Hydrex. Neutrinos.

38 CRMC-N 29 janvier Conditions for CMNS High loading of deuterium in metals: palladium, titanium…. Metals must have an appropriate metallurgical structure: grain size, thin film… Dynamic state through pressure change, current variations, laser stimulation…

39 CRMC-N 29 janvier Conferences ICCFs: ICCF10, in Boston in August 2003, ICCF11 in Marseilles, October 31- November 5, Italy regular meetings in Asti. Next one in March Russia: a meeting every year. Japan : A « Cold Fusion » Society has been created.

40 CRMC-N 29 janvier Journals and Web sites : with downloads in a yearwww.Lenr-canr.org : New electronic journal with refereeswww.cmns.org

41 CRMC-N 29 janvier Laboratories working in the field of CMNS USA: MIT, SRI International, University of Illinois, Naval Research Laboratory,Portland State University, National Institute of Standard and Technology, Space and Naval Warfare Center San Diego, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Brigham Young University, Northwestern University Russia: 29 laboratories Japan: Tokyo University,Osaka University, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries,Yokohama National University, Hokkaido University, Kobe University, Iwate State University, Sapporo University, Hanazono University, Nippon Bunri University China: Tsinghua University, Southwestern Institute of Physics, Sichuan University, China Institute of Atomic Energy, Chinese Academy of Sciences France: Marseilles University, CNAM (Paris), EDF. Italy: ENEA, INFN, Pirelli labs, University of Catania, University of Rome, University of Lecce.

42 Conclusion Condensed Matter Nuclear Science is a genuine scientific field. Hydrogen isotopes are involved, mostly at high loading. Excess heat has been measured by numerous laboratories with very different techniques therefore this excludes artefacts. Nuclear ashes have been detected: helium, neutron, gammas, X- rays, transmutation. The mechanism is not the high energy two particles reaction. Theories exist that are compatible with present quantum mechanics. Lot more work need to be done to understand the science and develop technologies.


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