# CO2 Diffusion Through Gelatin Experiment

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CO2 Diffusion Through Gelatin Experiment
Presented by Jennifer Welborn

Learning Goals.. Through this PowerPoint, STEMDIGITAL participants will: See how the concept of diffusion is related to a variety of curricular standards Understand how ADI software can be used to show the process and rate of diffusion both qualitatively and quantitatively

OVERVIEW Multidiscipline Standards Alignment Concept Development
Factors Affecting Rate of Diffusion Diffusion and Global Environmental Change Research Questions Experiment--Diffusion of CO2 Through Gelatin: Model of Diffusion in Cells Using the Digital Camera as a Data Collection Tool Analyzing Data Using ADI Software

Standards Alignment Physical Science/Chemistry: particle motion theory; pH; temperature; mixtures and solutions; color change as an indicator of a change in physical properties/chemical composition; acid/base indicators and protonation Biology: passive transport; cellular structure, etc. Ecology/Environmental Science: environmental effects on living cells/systems Math: rates; relationships; data collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, ratios and proportions

Diffusion Diffusion– movement of a substance from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration. Diffusion continues until equilibrium--- the concentration of a substance is equal throughout a space

Carbon dioxide from the environment diffuses into plant cells
Diffusion and Cells Dissolved particles that are small or non-polar can diffuse through the cell membranes. The process of diffusion is one of the ways in which substances like oxygen, carbon dioxide and water move into and out of cells. Carbon dioxide from the environment diffuses into plant cells

Factors That Affect Rate of Diffusion
Temperature Concentration of material diffusing Density of substance material is diffusing into Particle Size

Research Question Can a digital camera be used to observe and quantify a change in the color of gelatin with BTB in it as carbon dioxide diffuses through it over time?

Conducting the Experiment/Gathering and Analyzing Data
Set up the experiment according to the directions on the lab directions handout. Photograph the control and a sample of each cube exposed to CO2 over time (1 hour, 6 hours). Use the ADI line tool, R, G, B values and graph colors option (SPACIAL ANALYSIS ) to analyze data both qualitatively and quantitatively.

Open a picture, then trim the photo to increase processing time

Click on Full Image.. Recommended

Click on Trim and Use Image

Choose None

Select line tool option

Draw a line using a color of choice
Click these to fine tune Placement of starting and ending points Note beginning and ending coordinates Note R,G, B values Draw a line using a color of choice Zoom in to help you Place the beginning and ending points

Under file, Select graph colors

You can see all the colors or turn off some of them
to focus on just one

All colors off except green

The Value of The Control
The color graph for the control offers a baseline of R, G, B values to the student. The next set of slides shows a sample of gelatin exposed to CO2 and its corresponding graph after 30 minutes. ADI lets you keep the settings if you are photographing the same thing over time.

This is a qualitative graph of diffusion
At 30 minutes, the point at which the CO2 appears to have diffused is 10/100.

ADI for Quantitative Analysis of DIffusion
ADI can be used to quantify diffusion as well. The petri dish in the photo has a known diameter. To quantify diffusion, follow the same steps for opening the photo but choose scale present in image.

Draw a diagonal across the petri dish Record actual length

Draw line across gelatin
Length of gelatin line Zoom in to help with accuracy

It looks like the diffusion ends
Draw a line to where It looks like the diffusion ends Length of diffusion line

Qualitative ~ 10/100 = .10 Quantitative: .312/3.39 = .09

Future Inquiry Possibilities
Using the Digital Camera as a data collection tool, observe how changing: temperature; density of gelatin; or concentration of the solute (CO2)--to mimic increasing CO2 levels--affects the rate of diffusion.

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