Presentation on theme: "Unit 7: Health and Wellness. Health Is the combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being – In humans, it is the general condition of."— Presentation transcript:
Health Is the combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being – In humans, it is the general condition of a person's mind and body, usually meaning to be free from illness, injury or pain.
Wellness Is an overall state of well-being, or total health. – Wellness is generally used to mean a healthy balance of the mind, body and spirit that results in an overall feeling of well-being.
Physical Fitness Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands in the day. Active Living: A way of life that integrates physical activity into daily routines. – Taking stairs – Walking to work or school – Playing outside
Prevention Is practicing health and safety habits to remain free of disease and injury. – Washing Hands – Getting yearly check-ups – Obeying rules – Vaccines – Being Active
Stress Stress: The reaction of the body and mind to handle everyday challenges and demands. – Stress typically describes a negative condition or a positive condition that can have an impact on a person's mental and physical well-being
Lifestyle Choices The manner in which an individual chooses to live his/her life. – Examples: Vegetarianism Vegan Hippies Being healthy
Substance Abuse Is the wrongful use of a legal or illegal substance. – Such as: Alcohol Marijuana Ibuprofen Codeine Vicodin
Nutrition The process by which the body takes in uses food. Nutrition: The science of food and how the body uses the foods taken in Nutrients: The chemical substances in food that help build and maintain the body.
Diet Guidelines Food Guide Pyramid: A diagrammatic representation of recommended portions of the five basic food groups, plus fats and oils My Plate: Current USDA guideline for portions and nutrients for a balanced diet.
Food Pyramid Guidelines Daily Requirements – Fruits: 1-2 cups, 2 servings a day – Vegetables: 1-3 cups, 3 servings a day – Protein: 2-6 oz., 2 servings a day – Dairy: 2-3 cups, 3 servings a day – Grain: 3-8 oz., 6 servings a day Allowances – Fats/Oils: 3-7 teaspoons – Water: 8 servings a day of 8 oz. (64 oz. total)
Government Influences USDA: United States Department of Agriculture; responsible for developing and executing U.S. federal government policy on farming, agriculture, and food. – They do the research and come up with the nutritional guidelines and the policies that schools and other agencies have to follow. – They create and implement My Plate and the Food Pyramid programs
Benefits of Healthy Eating 1.Weight Loss 2.Less diseases and illnesses 3.More Energy 4.Better rest and sleep 5.Beautiful skin 6.Improved endurance and stamina 7.Physical fitness 8.More nutrients in the body
Benefits Proteins function as building blocks for bones, muscles, cartilage, skin, and blood. Eating a balanced diet may help with weight management. Balanced diets reduces the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular disease and with lower blood pressure in adulthood. Diets rich in foods containing fiber, such as some vegetables and fruits, may reduce the risk of heart disease, obesity, and type 2 diabetes.
Malnutrition Malnutrition: Lack of proper nutrients in the diet. – Malnutrition is technically a category of diseases that includes undernutrition, obesity and overweight, and micronutrient deficiency among others. Undernourished: Not eating enough food to keep a healthful body weight and activity level. – Lack of calories and protein in the diet