Presentation on theme: "Things Fall Apart An introduction. Chinua Achebe (pronounced Chin-ew-ah A-chay-bay) born in Eastern Nigeria, West Africa, in 1930. father Isiah converted."— Presentation transcript:
Chinua Achebe (pronounced Chin-ew-ah A-chay-bay) born in Eastern Nigeria, West Africa, in 1930. father Isiah converted willingly to Christianity in his youth and became church teacher in Ibo village of Ogidi raised by uncle Udo; retained Ibo religious beliefs (tolerated new Christian religion)
Wrote Things Fall Apart to show that Africans had a political system and means of communication A voice for Africa Chinua Achebe Interview
Educated at University of Ibadan, Nigeria Worked in Nigeria for many years Traveled to U.S. universities to lecture before returning to Nigeria to teach Starting in the 1970s, Achebe joined universities in Nigeria, Connecticut, New York, and Rhode Island. He died on March 21, 2013 at age 82.
NigerianFact Sheet Today: 1 US Dollar = 158.96218Nigerian Naira Full name : The Federal Republic of Nigeria Main exports : Petroleum, petroleum products, cocoa,rubber Major religions : Islam, Christianity, indigenousbeliefs Life expectancy : 52 years (men), 53 years (women) Islamist Group Boko Haram Islamist Group Boko Haram
Setting for Things Fall Apart Nigeria, 1890 Village: Iguedo, part of Umuofia (consists of 9 villages) Clash of cultures: Tribal culture of Igbo (also Ibo) Tribal with British
Proverbs a short, traditional saying that expresses some obvious truth or familiar experience Give a man a fish, and he eats for a day. Teach him how to fish, and he eats for a lifetime.
Indigenous African (Ibo) values: Storytelling Polytheistic; nature-based; lots of ceremonies Polygamist families Hunter/Gatherers Emphasis on music and dance
Igbo Cosmology Sky Gods (Heavenly Beings): Chi-Ukwu: Big-God, Supreme God (same as Creator God) Chi-neke: Creator God (created all things; same as Supreme God). Anyanwu: God of Light (Model of Perfection) Agbala: Perfect and Holy Spirit (embodiment of all holy beings in one); Giver of insight and wisdom Eke: God/Governor of the eastern sky (Heaven); patron of Eke Markets and days Oye: God/Governor of the western sky (Heaven); patron of Oye Markets and days Afo: God/Governor of the northern sky (Heaven); patron of Afo Markets and days Nkwo: God/Governor of the southern sky (Heaven); patron of Nkwo Markets and days Nri Menri: Council of all ascended Eze Nri (Nri kings) Eze Nri: Nri King, also called Igwe (Heavenly One. Ambassador of God on earth) Earthly Gods (Deities) Aja-Ana: Earth Goddess/Governess (Deliverer of Perfect Justice. The Seeker of Peace and Harmony) Ikenga: God of Strength. Appealed to for strength Agwu: God of Human Psychology (Regulator of Human Psychology). Appealed to for individual focus Ifiejioku: God of Yam or Agriculture. Regulates Agriculture Aro: God of Years. God of Time. God of All Seasons Chi: God in a person (human beings are seen as Gods as well)