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JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert.

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Presentation on theme: "JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert."— Presentation transcript:

1 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 1 INNOVATION aus TRADITION The Regional Dimensions of Evaluation Issues, Particularities and potential Pitfalls 6 CP Spring Workshop 2007, Dublin JOANNEUM RESEARCH- Institute for Technology and Regional Policy Christian Hartmann Wolfgang Polt

2 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 2 Overview Recent trends in Evaluation The Regional Dimension The typical regional Evaluation Project Particularities and potential Pitfalls

3 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 3 Recent Trends in Evaluation Increased emphasis on impact assessment ex-ante ( priority setting, links to foresight) ex-post ( economic effects, behavioural additionality) Widening the scope: IA of basic research Concept evaluations (ex-ante, interim) Checking the rationale and early implementation Systemic evaluations OECD (CSTP Oct 2006, Seoul) asked countries to improve the capacity to carry out Systemic evaluations Addressing Innovations systems as a whole (TrendCHART; ERAwatch, EIS, OECD STI Scoreboard,..) Addressing the Policy Mixes of countries Addressing portfolios RTDI policy instruments (e.g. direct vs indirect support for private R&D) Asking for the impossible..?

4 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 4 Evaluation in the policy cycle

5 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 5 Evaluation needs a systemic (mulit-actor, multi-level) perspective international national regional

6 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 6 The Regional Dimension

7 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 7 Why does the regional dimension of evaluation matter? Regional Innovation Systems Globalisation leads to a growing importance of localized innovation capabilities, that are hard to copy / to transfer The growing importance of regional innovation systems in the economic literature (Asheim et al. 2003, Cooke 2003, Malmberg and Maskell 2002) leads a stronger focus on the regional level in the policy domain The concept of regional innovation systems offers effective (low cost) roads for policy delivery Regionalisation of RTDI Policy Devolution of (innovation) policy competencies in some EU countries (e.g. France, England) Growing interest in RTDI policy at regional level in federal provinces or autonomous regions in EU countries Growing importance of regional RTDI policy at EU-Level (i.e. RIS/RITTS, Regions of knowledge)

8 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 8 Strategic Policy Intelligence in the Regional Dimension Different Levels of Development among European Regions While some European regions already have a long existing practice (like Styria, Basque Country, etc.)… …in particular regions in the NMS are just at the beginning to develop respective structures and processes. Different Degrees of Freedom for SPI in European Regions Size of the region and corresponding capacities for SPI i.e. Catalunya vs. Burgenland Degree of regional autonomy for RTDI policy i.e. Friuli Venezia Giulia (IT) vs. South-Transdanubia (HUN)

9 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 9 The typical regional Evaluation Project

10 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 10 Is there such a thing as a typical regional evaluation project? How typical is typical - regional evaluation projects do actually cover a wide range of issues and policy areas Regional Evaluation is often Evaluation of Regional Policy (i.e. Structural Funds) Evaluation in the regional dimension does often mean: Evaluation of small and medium sized programmes with regional funding Regional Cluster Initiatives Regional/Municipal Economic Programmes Evaluation of regional strategic projects Regional Innovation Infrastructures (i.e. Technology / Science Parks) Key projects in the framework of Community Initiatives

11 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 11 Are typical regional evaluation projects following the general trends? Typical regional evaluation projects do reflect general trends in evaluation - but with varying degrees of intensity Concept evaluations do already play a big role on the regional level Structural Funds Increasing emphasis of impact assessments on regional level Regional RTDI Programmes Strategic Projects Systemic evaluations are at the moment not (yet) of relevance

12 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 12 The typical regional evaluation project and Strategic Policy Intelligence No (complete) policy cycle for RTDI policy in most European regions Reluctance to confront the past Evaluations are often motivated by the necessity to letigimate the past Evaluations as tools in regional political games There are natural constraints for SPI corresponding to the Size and political status of the Region Lack of policy capacities Lack of degrees of freedom for SPI

13 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 13 Potential Pitfalls

14 JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Steyrergasse 17, A-8010 Graz, Austria, web: ISO 9001 zert ISO 9001 zertifiziert 14 Potential Pitfalls of evaluation at the regional level Roughly the same that face evaluations on all levels, but more accentuated: Lack of capacity to carry out evaluations – and to absorb and implement the results of evaluations Difficulties of role delineation: the evaluator as policy maker? Too close to policy Potential to influence the evaluation results because of closeness of policy makers to stakeholders Expectations too high (especially with respect to impact assessment)


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