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TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 1 Dublin, April 20th 6CP Steering Committee Philippe Larrue Technopolis France 6CP Conference on Les Grands Projets: still important.

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Presentation on theme: "TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 1 Dublin, April 20th 6CP Steering Committee Philippe Larrue Technopolis France 6CP Conference on Les Grands Projets: still important."— Presentation transcript:

1 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 1 Dublin, April 20th 6CP Steering Committee Philippe Larrue Technopolis France 6CP Conference on Les Grands Projets: still important for innovation opportunities?

2 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 2 Content Technopolis Group The objective of the conference Definition and history of Grands Projets The key questions of the conference The draft programme –keynote speeches –breakout sessions –final panel discussion

3 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 3 Content Technopolis Group The objective of the conference Definition and history of Grands Projets The key questions of the conference The draft programme –keynote speeches –breakout sessions –final panel discussion

4 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 4 Brighton Tallin StockholmAmsterdam Paris Brussels Ankara Technopolis Group: A European Network of consultancies in the knowledge society Vienna

5 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 5 Our mission Our mission www.technopolis-group.com We aim at improving and optimising the impact of research and innovation public support on the economy –through evaluation of public programmes, organisations, measures –through research and advising to public policy makers In various sectors/domains –research, innovation, education, environment, international cooperation At different level of decision making –local, regional, national, international

6 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 6 Content Technopolis Group The objective of the conference Definition and history of Grands Projets The key questions of the conference The draft programme –keynote speeches –breakout sessions –final panel discussion

7 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 7 The objective of the conference debating and exploring the effectiveness of large- scale projects aka Grands Projets as instruments to foster innovation learn from latest analyses and past/current experiences of Grands Projets to understand better –different types, rationales and objectives –conditions for success –best practices assess their relevance for coping with the current and future challenges of knowledge economies especially in the European context

8 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 8 Content Technopolis Group The objective of the conference Definition and history of Grands Projets The key questions of the conference The draft programme –keynote speeches –breakout sessions –final panel discussion

9 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 9 Definition of Grands projets A tentative definition – large-scale innovation projects with a strong impact and deep public involvement large scale innovation public involvement What they can be –high tech consortia –large scale R&D projects –large research infrastructures project –… ? What they are not –public infrastructure project –research networks –clusters

10 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 10 Brief history of Grands Projets industrial revolution, WW1 (British research associations) and subsequent exemptions to anti- trust laws to foster innovation the French National Grands Programmes in the 1960s-70s (Concorde, civil nuclear programme, TGV, … ) in Canada, GP for Hydropower plants, nuclear plat, jet reactor, planes, 1960s-70s Japanese and US high tech consortia (VLSI, Sematech, 5th Generation Programme, … ) in the 1970s-1980s Today the Programmes Mobilisateurs pour l Innovation Industrielle of the new French Industrial Innovation Agency

11 Examples of past and current Grands Projets

12 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 12 Content Technopolis Group The objective of the conference Definition and history of Grands Projets The key questions of the conference The draft programme –keynote speeches –breakout sessions –final panel discussion

13 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 13 The key questions 2 preliminary questions What are the terms of the debates surrounding Grands Projets? GP still trigger very lively debates involving academics, policy makers, politicians … clear pros and cons, which do not match existing communities (political, theoretical) A loaded concept (industrial policy, vertical, interventionism, network, synergies, … ) What are the economic rationales of Grands Projets? internalisation of externalities due to market imperfections such as indivisibilities, risks and knowledge spillovers coordination: interdependencies in the innovation process call for intermediary organisational forms between market and integration large-scale problems require large-scale solutions (global issues, breakthrough research, heavy costs, … )

14 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 14 The key questions 3 core questions Can we identify best practices for managing large- scale projects? –the fact that there is no one best way does not prevent us from searching for best practices ! –according to adversaries GP are: –administratively heavy, bureaucratic and rigid –competition within GP impede cooperative behaviours What is / should be the role of public authorities in Grands Projets? –most of the time, GP are initiated and partially financed by public authorities –according to adversaries : –GP increase the risk of capture of policy makers –public authorities use GP for pursing their own interests (sometimes remote from market needs)

15 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 15 The key questions 3 core questions What is the effect of Grands Projets on innovation? –according to advocates –leverage effect (more investment in R&D) –effectiveness effect (better results) –exploration effect ( sharing of options in a uncertain technological landscapes) –setting of infratechnologies at the scale of a whole industry –according to adversaries –Grands projets are a means for companies to control technical progress in a given area through coalition –Grands Projets are more defensive than offensive (only good for catching up) –Grands Projets is a tool for large inefficient companies !

16 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 16 The key questions 1 final question Can Grands Projets support the building of ERA? –A long history of Grands Projets: –large scale and lighthouse projects –Task forces (Car of Tomorrow, … ) –the large instruments of FP6 –Technology platforms –JTIs –From responses to the 3 core questions can we draw lessons learned for the European context?

17 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 17 Content Technopolis Group The objective of the conference Definition and history of Grands Projets The key questions of the conference The draft programme –keynote speeches –breakout sessions –final panel discussion

18 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 18 The draft programme the logic Interactions between generic and case-based presentations –issues are set out through KN speeches during plenary sessions –each case presentation explore the 3 issues during breakout sessions –the lessons learned in cases are synthetised during plenary sessions

19 The draft programme - keynote speakers Plenary session Day 1 pm

20 The draft programme - keynote speakers Plenary session Day 1 pm

21 The draft programme the GP cases Breakout sessions Day 2 am

22 The draft programme the GP cases Breakout sessions Day 2 am

23 The draft programme the final panel Plenary sessions Day 2 pm

24 TECHNOPOLIS GROUP 24 Questions to the steering committee any missing key issues to be discussed – Grands Projets to address global problems – Grands Projets for large research infrastructure ? any suggestions/recommendations for other key note speakers? any suggestions for other Grands Projets case studies (for break-out sessions) and relevant contacts for each case any suggestions for relevant European panellists (for the last panel discussion)


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