Presentation on theme: "Green technology programmes - the experience so far by Karl Ulrich Voss, Brussels, 1.3.2002."— Presentation transcript:
Green technology programmes - the experience so far by Karl Ulrich Voss, Brussels,
Karl Ulrich Voss1 Overview German framework programme 1997 Green technology in sec. 423 integrated environmental protection in industry, agriculture, forestry and the framework elements of an innovative sustainable economy identifying of topics and attracting actors the overwhelming success wild theses for discussion
Karl Ulrich Voss2 BMBF/BMU Programme 1997 Framework Programme: Research for the Environment –M–Main Objectives: Achieve sustainable local and global use of natural resources by a better understanding of natural systems Increase resource efficiency of economic activities, incl. consumption pattern integrate the environment into the education system –M–Main Areas local and global organization of the environment sustainability oriented management environmental education
Karl Ulrich Voss3 agriculture, food processing, packaging forestry, wood-processing textile and leather chemicals and plastics metal production and processing, foundry electronics construction and ceramics Implementation Fields
Karl Ulrich Voss4 Implemention Approaches production processes products, functions management instruments consumption pattern framework conditions
Karl Ulrich Voss5 Budget ,5 M Euro totally 31,5 M Euro for integrated environmental protection in special branches of industry 13 M Euro agriculture and food-processing 10 M Euro sustainable wood/forestry technology, wood research, ecosystem research rel. to forestry 5,5 M Euro general topics (e.g. environmental management in industry)
Karl Ulrich Voss6 Food processing Integrated environmental protection in food processing Goals: reducing undesirable substances, reducing water consumption and pollution, reducing waste, optimizing package, reducing energy consumption, esp. in food drying facilities Timespan: appl. / 11 M Euro bow wave: 3 appl. / 0,6 M Euro
Karl Ulrich Voss7 Textile industry Integrated environmental protection in the textile industry Goals: reducing environmental impacts by avoidance, reduction and substitution of assisting materials and recovery of process substances, reducing of water consumption and pollution, developing of recyclable textile, assessing and expanding of life cycle; specific textiles for environmental technologies reducing waste Timespan: appl. / 39 M Euro bow wave for special branch Textiles in medicine 47 appl. / 7,1 M Euro
Karl Ulrich Voss8 Ceramics Integrated environmental protection in the ceramics industry Goals: reducing / avoidance of organic-chemical emissions in the burning process and process water; avoidance of emissions of fluorine, chlorine, sulphur dioxide; energy saving; circulatory processing of water, recovery of product remains and product waste Timespan: appl. / 28 M Euro (no bow wave)
Karl Ulrich Voss9 Agrarian technology Integrated environmental protection in agriculture Goals:development / test of sensors for precision farming; development of soil protective drive technology and sensors to assist; automatisation with the aim of more effective and environmental friendly cultivation; sensors for animal husbandry and herd management; improvement of barn climate and outgoing air; storage and processing of agricultural goods; sensors Timespan: appl. / 28 M Euro (no bow wave)
Karl Ulrich Voss10 Management instruments Integrated environmental protection - management instruments Goals: IT-instruments for a sustainable industry; monetary and non- monetary controlling instruments; planning/communication instruments accompanying the chain of products and production and on the different organisational levels as construction, work planning, production planning, finance Timespan: appl. / 15,4 M Euro bow wave: 5 appl. / 1,5 M Euro
Karl Ulrich Voss11 and on it went: Integrated environmental protection - rubber 172 / 51 M; bow wave: 98 / 30,6 M Framework conditions for sustainable management 12 / 4,5 M; bow wave: 1 M Integrated environmental protection - foundries 42 / 7,5 M
Karl Ulrich Voss12 until it came to an end: Integrated environmental protection - metal producing industry 65 / 19,7 M; bow wave: 41 / 13,8 M Strategies for product use only bow wave: 10 / 4,3 M Integrated environmental protection - packaging industry 123 / 35,8 M; bow wave: 120 / 35 M
Karl Ulrich Voss13 From programme design to funding framework programme (BMBF/BMU) cooperation/coordination with industry, associations, research institutions, administration/politics Design of the call for tenders –dialogue with research and industry Where is the actual edge of development? –Expert tables with researchers and representatives of industry Are the specific questions appropriate and complete? Are the demands being met?
Karl Ulrich Voss14 From programme design to funding (2) Formulation and publishing of the calls with the request for abridged project sketches (6 pages) Sketches shall show: –innovative approach –integrating SME (no project without industrial partner!) –project and project idea are economically stable (incl. cost-benefit-calculation) –project idea contributes a positive economic effect in the business field
Karl Ulrich Voss15 From programme design to funding (3) Experts recruited from the expert tables (sketch worth to be completed?) Monitoring in the run of the project –goals/components met/fulfilled? –new: exploitation plan (drawer projects)
Karl Ulrich Voss16 No problem? pig cycle –complaints over commonly known suspects –massive calls for tenders –Minderabfluss or money not spent –frustration with those, whose creativity is needed discriminating SME? –length and complexity of funding procedure –costs
Karl Ulrich Voss17 No problem? (2) patents –public funding - private results? –conflicting goals as to dissemination –privacy decisive in project administration –patents (F) may hamper standards being adjusted to the state of art (D)
Karl Ulrich Voss18 Theses -In sustainability concepts we have to accept and clearly adress conflicting goals in respect of sustainability and important and well established interests in the society/economy.
Karl Ulrich Voss19 Theses (2) -Only if sustainability pays to the actors (producers, distributers, consumers) it pays for you. This includes a progressive and demanding definition of standards of technology.
Karl Ulrich Voss20 Theses (3) -As a general concept ("sustainability mainstreaming") the idea of sustainability may turn somewhat grey and boring. -I would recommend to set priorities and to tackle problems one after another.
Karl Ulrich Voss21 Theses (4) -If we sucessfully adress the fields with the best potential and the best measurable effect we have achieved a lot. Even better would be to have instruments to judge and compare the environmental friendly effects of specific innovations extrapolated for the broad use in the economy ("ecological currency").
Karl Ulrich Voss22 Theses (5) -Best results in single projects do not mean much, if we do not succeed in writing strategies for broad dissemination, which includes education, vocational training and professional underwise.
Karl Ulrich Voss23 last theses -At the end of a good project comes a... new project - or another friendly chap funding the same project for a next period. -All the good programmes have been written. -If you nevertheless cannot resist to write a new programme, please stay well under 50 pages, at least with your management summary. -Budgets should be attributed to specific programmes, not to fiscal years.