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From Lisbon to Barcelona - linking R&D to innovation and competitiveness The Regional Path Mr Richard ESCRITT, Director ERA Coordination of Community Activities.

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Presentation on theme: "From Lisbon to Barcelona - linking R&D to innovation and competitiveness The Regional Path Mr Richard ESCRITT, Director ERA Coordination of Community Activities."— Presentation transcript:

1 From Lisbon to Barcelona - linking R&D to innovation and competitiveness The Regional Path Mr Richard ESCRITT, Director ERA Coordination of Community Activities European Commission DG Research ERA, its future and beyond Sopron, 31.10.03

2 31/10/032 The Knowledge-based economy is here - with a price Todays advanced economies are knowledge-based. This stresses even more the relevance of R&D for their development: increasingly higher S&T content embedded in products and services need for more and better qualified human resources; ICT Global Networks Increasing pace of trade liberalisation and flows of goods and services, pushing world economies to focus on more knowledge-intensive activities Under such pressures whole areas risk to become redundant - globalisation tends to increase regional disparities

3 31/10/033 Globalisation challenges Location choices for higher value economic investment are increasingly determined by market considerations (accessibility and economic framework conditions) rather than by public inducements and subsidies Regional policies need to understand the process by which international business functions spill over to lever up competitiveness in the indigenous business base

4 31/10/034 Bridging the Technology and Innovation Gap (Building RTDI Capacity) Unique experience makes the EU a world leader in the field: combined efforts by the Structural Funds and the RTD Framework Programme EUR 17,5 Billion earmarked for collaborative research in Europe by FP6 (2002-2006) on a competitive basis, geared to S&T excellence, without geographic restrictions EUR 135 Billion earmarked for Objective 1 regions from the STRF (2000-2006). Out of the 218 BEUR allocated for all regions under the STRF, 9 BEUR are effectively allocated to RTDI actions (2000-2006). For 2004-2006, EUR 24 Billion earmarked for the New Member States Despite successful cases, significant delivery problems remain at regional and local level, as the operational routes to the knowledge economy are unclear or not sufficiently understood

5 31/10/035 Regional per capita GDP Source: Eur.Innovation Scoreboard 2002

6 31/10/036 Business R&D expenditure Source: Eur.Innovation Scoreboard 2002

7 31/10/037 RTD regional expenditure in the EU Source EUROSTAT 13/03/02Source EUROSTAT 13/03/02

8 31/10/038 High-tech patent applications per million of active population (y 2000) Source EUROSTAT 13/03/02Source EUROSTAT 13/03/02

9 31/10/039 The road from Lisbon to Barcelona goes through the regional path Central government efforts alone are not enough to guarantee a successful take-up of the ERA process Regions need to play an active role in creating and using knowledge: they need to be supportive, pro-active; cultivate public-private partnerships, strengthen actors, provide infrastructure and means, and more generally, find ways to bridge the gap between knowledge creators and knowledge users

10 31/10/0310 The concept of the Regional Dimension of the ERA Concept identified in all ERA related Communications as important / Special Communication on the Regional Dimension adopted 03/10/01 (COM(2001)549) Need to paying more attention to local and regional factors and operators, when thinking about research policy - a message primarily addressed to the Member States Involve more the Member States and the regions in a European Policy context

11 31/10/0311 What can be done to enhance regional capacity in the knowledge economy Transform the economy into a learning one Establish coherent development strategies based on local comparative advantage / regional foresight Set up the appropriate framework conditions for R&D and innovation Stimulate the take-up of new technologies Local partnerships emerge as leaders in this process. Universities may play there an important role

12 31/10/0312 A strategy for integrating regions in the ERA Integrating research policy and regional policy building research capacity in the regions. Implementation of this strategy is based on a wide range of Community instruments: –The Sixth Framework Programme for RTD (2002-2006), providing trans-regional co-operation opportunities –Innovation activities undertaken at regional level under the Framework Programme, in conjunction with the Mainstream Activities as well as the Innovative Actions of the Structural Funds –Longer-term structuring activities –Use of New Initiatives (ex. The Regions of Knowledge pilot action, introduced in 2003 by the European Parliament)

13 31/10/0313 The Regions of Knowledge Pilot Action (KnowREG) introduced in the 2003 Community Budget by the European Parliament (heading B5-513) implemented outside of the 6th FP, it has a budget of EUR 2,5 million and aspires to develop experimental activities involving networks of European regions (with the active involvement of universities, research centres, and the business community) to create "Knowledge regions", able to provide model regional implementations of the Lisbon strategy, that is, demonstrate the central role of knowledge in driving regional development.

14 31/10/0314 launched formally with a Call for Proposals Covered two (2) basic strands: (1) Integrated Regional Technology Initiatives (IRTI) and (2) Supporting activities (workshops and conferences). –IRTI sub-divided in three (3) parts: –(a) Technology audits and Regional Foresight –(b) University Driven Actions for Regional Development –(c) Mentoring Initiatives, where technologically advanced regions would co-operate with less advanced regions (Objective 1) in a kind of "mentoring" partnership, for a more efficient innovation and technology transfer process. –Projects had to have at least 3 partners coming from 3 different Member States. Regions of Knowledge (ii)

15 31/10/0315 Implementing the regional dimension through specific measures in FP6 (2002-2006) Regions as direct or indirect partners in the major new instruments (NoE or IP) Structuring the ERA: Research and Innovation òencouragement and validation of local and regional initiatives òencouraging trans-regional co-operation òexperimenting with new tools and approaches Strengthening the ERA foundations: the ERA-NET scheme: support for coordination measures at national or regional level / and also regional tech. foresight, benchmarking) SMES (collective / cooperative research) Human Potential: special grants favouring participants coming from less developed regions, in particular host driven technology transfer fellowships Possibility of complementing the Framework Programme funding for Objective 1 partners in successfully selected proposals. Money would come from the Structural Funds (ERDF). BUT: NOT COMPULSORY for ERDF / Respecting fully the scientific excellence criteria when selecting projects for funding; WITHIN THE LIMITS of the State Aids regulations.

16 31/10/0316 Towards a Mutual Learning Platform for the Regions The Barcelona 3% Action Plan establishes the concept of the Mutual Learning Platform (MLP) –building on existing activities –to produce a typology of RTDI growth patterns –to measure regional RTDI performance –to stimulate a better use of regional foresight for more efficient planning –to stimulate a learning process

17 31/10/0317 Net links (The Regions of knowledge Web page) (Regional Dimension of the ERA) (The IRE Network, Innovating regions in Europe) ( Structural Funds and Research / Innovation) (DG Research official home page) (The 6th Framework Programme (2002-2006)

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