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MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.

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Presentation on theme: "MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY."— Presentation transcript:

1 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

2 ERA – Challenges of accession countries ERA – Challenges of accession countries Jan Krzysztof FRĄCKOWIAK Ministry of Scientific Research and Information Technology PolandMinistry Poland Sopron/Eisenstadt, 30-31 October, 2003 Undersecretary of State

3 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Data for the 10 as percentage of data for the 15 75 37719.9 755.5 85258.9 11.326.343.0 5.74165.43.5 250 000 1 620 000 15.4 98 693 1 317 678 7.5 Population (million) GDP (Purchasing Power Standard)[ billion] Internet users/100 inhabitants Expenditure on research (absolute)[ billion] Number of researchers Number of scientific publications 1015% Source: EUROSTAT Year Book 2002

4 Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Rep. Estonia Latvia Lithuania Romania Slovak Rep. Slovenia Hungary Poland EU-15 R&DIntensity(GERD/GDP)% GERD Total Mio ecu Financed by Government % Financed by Business % 0.570.570.250.25 1.241.24 0.750.75 0.690.69 0.410.41 0.600.60 0.750.75 0.400.40 0.660.66 1.511.51 1.931.936969 164 288 2121 641641 3737 309309 2626 7373 1 086 134134 126126 284284 69.769.768.568.5 42.642.6 64.864.8 53.253.2 55.655.6 58.558.5 46.746.7 47.947.9 36.836.8 34.234.222.822.817.417.4 52.652.6 24.224.2 38.538.5 15.715.7 38.138.1 50.250.2 49.949.9 56.956.9 56.356.3 R&D investment in Candidate Countries, 1999 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Source: Science, Technology and Innovation, Key Figures 2002, EC

5 Human resources in R&D in Candidate Countries, 1999 10 580 278278 13 535 30023002 12 579 2 626 7 777 56 443 23 473 9 204 4 427 919 796 11.811.823.123.1 42.942.9 12.612.6 25.925.9 7.37.3 3.73.7 18.318.3 65.865.8 27.427.4 34.834.8 50.050.020.920.942.742.7 25.025.0 66.366.3 37.937.9 64.164.1 63.463.4 62.562.5 9.99.9 46.246.2 29.529.5 34.334.366.766.729.729.7 31.631.6 20.720.7 36.236.2 28.628.6 32.932.9 19.219.2 24.324.3 26.426.4 34.134.1 14.214.2 Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Rep. Estonia Latvia Lithuania Romania Slovak Rep. Slovenia Hungary Poland EU-15 Researchers by sector Total (full-time equvivalent) Business sector % Higher education % Government sector % MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Source: Science, Technology and Innovation, Key Figures 2002, EC

6 Scientific, technological and economic performance of Candidate Countries BulgariaBulgaria CyprusCyprus Czech Rep. EstoniaEstonia LatviaLatvia LithuaniaLithuania RomaniaRomania Slovak Rep. SloveniaSlovenia HungaryHungary PolandPoland EU-15EU-15 MaltaMalta Publication (3) per million population1999 Publication (3) per million population1999185185 577577 170170 352352 330330 370370 143143 127127 6767 221221 7070 293293 755755 GDP (1) per capita 2001 GDP (1) per capita 2001 6 510 18 460 13 280 9 820 11 880 7 710 8 730 :: 9 210 5 860 11 060 15 970 23 200 8 8 Average annual growth of GDP % 1995-2000Average annual growth of GDP % 1995-2000-0.83-0.83 4.344.34 3.783.78 1.221.22 4.904.90 4.024.02 5.285.28 3.333.33 4.374.37 5.145.14 -1.33-1.33 3.783.78 2.632.63 Patents (2) per million population1999 Patents (2) per million population199933 77 1010 22 1212 33 55 11 11 :: 2222 126126 11 5 5 High-tech (4) exports, as % exports2000 High-tech (4) exports, as % exports20002.32.3 2.72.7 7.87.8 21.721.7 22.922.9 2.22.2 64.464.4 2.12.1 4.54.5 4.14.1 3.73.7 19.719.7 2.72.7 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 9 9 (1) in PPS at current prices, (8) Estimate (2) European patents, (5) Czech Republic and Slovakia could not separated in the data (3) Publications from 11 fields: agriculture and food science, basic life science, biological science, biomedical science and pharmacology, chemistry, clinical medicine and health sciences, computer sciences, earth and environmental sciences, engineering sciences, mathematics and statistic, physics and astronomy (4) High tech fields: aerospace, computers & office machinery, electronics, instruments, pharmaceuticals, Electrical machinery, chemicals, non electrical machinery, armement; (6) 1997; (7) 1999; (9) Extra-EU trade MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

7 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Building of ERA serves well integration processes in R&D sectors of the Candidate Countries. Building of ERA serves well integration processes in R&D sectors of the Candidate Countries. Important, expected effects of enlargement of the Important, expected effects of enlargement of the European Union Research Area: European Union Research Area: Important, expected effects of enlargement of the Important, expected effects of enlargement of the European Union Research Area: European Union Research Area: better cohesion and coordination of national S&T policies; better cohesion and coordination of national S&T policies; intensification of researchers exchange between the CCs intensification of researchers exchange between the CCs and the EU Member States; and the EU Member States; intensification of researchers exchange between the CCs intensification of researchers exchange between the CCs and the EU Member States; and the EU Member States; better, more effective use of R&D human potential better, more effective use of R&D human potential and infrastructure; and infrastructure; better, more effective use of R&D human potential better, more effective use of R&D human potential and infrastructure; and infrastructure; levelling up of the information infrastructure levels; levelling up of the information infrastructure levels; facilitating access to different sources of R&D funding; facilitating access to different sources of R&D funding;

8 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Participation of CCs in EU Framework Programmes for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities (FPs) involves them in ERA building Opening of the FP6 – demonstration of ERA attractive force for all participants, Member States and Candidate Countries

9 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Candidate Countries: the level of research development is higher the level of research development is higher than that of economy; than that of economy; the level of research development is higher the level of research development is higher than that of economy; than that of economy; the level of basic research is higher than that of applied the level of basic research is higher than that of applied research and development works; research and development works; the level of basic research is higher than that of applied the level of basic research is higher than that of applied research and development works; research and development works; the thematic structure of R&D is still affected the thematic structure of R&D is still affected by the S&T policy of the years 1950 – 1990; by the S&T policy of the years 1950 – 1990; the thematic structure of R&D is still affected the thematic structure of R&D is still affected by the S&T policy of the years 1950 – 1990; by the S&T policy of the years 1950 – 1990; the level of R&D financing is very low; the level of R&D financing is very low;

10 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY New goals/instruments of S&T policy in the CCs: stronger cooperation of R&D and industry sectors; stronger cooperation of R&D and industry sectors; modernizing R&D profile (more technological output) modernizing R&D profile (more technological output) and priorities; and priorities; modernizing R&D profile (more technological output) modernizing R&D profile (more technological output) and priorities; and priorities; promotion of the knowledge based economy; promotion of the knowledge based economy; promoting educational role of science, promoting educational role of science, grows of R&D in higher education institutions; grows of R&D in higher education institutions; promoting educational role of science, promoting educational role of science, grows of R&D in higher education institutions; grows of R&D in higher education institutions; promotion of young researchers national promotion of young researchers national and European careers; and European careers; promotion of young researchers national promotion of young researchers national and European careers; and European careers; more competitive approach to R&D funding; more competitive approach to R&D funding; networking, establishing centers of excellence, networking, establishing centers of excellence, concentration of resources; concentration of resources; networking, establishing centers of excellence, networking, establishing centers of excellence, concentration of resources; concentration of resources;

11 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Scientific and innovation-oriented collaboration between new and old member states requires more encouragement Exchanging and implementing the best practices in R&D sector will help integration process Lisbon strategy and Barcelona objectives an enormous and difficult challenge for CCs Future is more friendly for optimists

12 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

13 0,0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1,01,2 1991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003 [% of GDP] 1.08 0.87 0.86 0.90 0.74 0.78 0.74 0.73 0.74 0.68 0.73 0.66 0.65 0.75 0.64 0.57 0.55 0.46 0.47 0.46 0.43 0.44 0.42 0.35 0.22 0.29 0.35 0.28 0.30 0.27 0.30 0.26 0.30 0.32 Total Total Non-budgetary expenditure Budgetary expenditure GERD IN POLAND IN 1991-2003 (source – Central Statistical Office) MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

14 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Source: Ministry of National Education & Sport NUMBER OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS (in thousands) 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800200019951996199719981999200020012002 2003 845 906 1077 1231 1397 1431.9 1584.8 1718.7 1800.5

15 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY NUMBER OF UNIVERSITY GRADUATES (in thousands) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 19911993199519971999 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2001/2 Source: Ministry of National Education & Sport 59 61.4 64.2 70.3 89 115.9 146.3 174.8 209.8 261.1 342.1

16 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 2500030000 19951996199719981999200020012002 NUMBER OF PH. D. STUDENTS Source: Ministry of National Education & Sport 9577 11237 15321 18774 22239 25622 28345 31072

17 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY NUMBER OF AWARDED DOCTORAL DEGREES NUMBER 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 40004500 1995199619971998199920002001 2002 2300 2300 2400 2600 3500 4004 4400 4400 4400 5105 5105 Source: Ministry of National Education & Sport

18 MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY


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