The more you read, the better you get at it; the better you get at it, the more you like it; and the more you like it, the more you do it. And the more you read, the more you know; and the more you know, the smarter you grow. Why Read?
DEARFVRUSSRSSRDIRT What is Independent Reading? Drop Everything And ReadDaily Interrupted Reading TimeFree Voluntary ReadingSustained Silent ReadingUninterrupted Sustained Silent Reading
Why Independent Reading? 93% of SSR students did as well or better on tests of reading than students having no SSR time.
Who Has the Highest Reading Skill Scores? International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement report: children who were read to by their teachers children who read the most pages for pleasure daily
Duration of Treatment and Outcomes of SSR Studies DurationPositiveNo Difference Negative Less than 7 months 7133 7 months - 1 year 9110 Greater than 1 year 820
Reading and Learning Middle School Children How many words can one read a year? 1 million words How many words can one learn a year without direct vocabulary instruction? 1 thousand words
The How To Do List Assessing Needs Choosing Appropriate, Leveled Materials Finding Time and Space Encouraging Self-monitoring Assessing Outcomes
Assessing Needs Independent Reading Level Informal Reading Inventory (IRI) –Graded word list –Graded passages –Summaries and analyses
Independent Reading Level The author sat in his chair and stared at the clock. The pendulum swung back and forth as the time passed by. He was desperate to think of new ideas for his story, but his mind was a blank. This had never happened to him before, as stories had always flowed easily from his mind, usually so fast that he did not have the time to write them down before they disappeared from consciousness and new ideas took their place. But now he was stuck for inspiration, and his book deadline was approaching with a speed that truly frightened him. 1 unknown word in 100
Graded Word Lists List C 5414SightAnalysis (Grade 4) 1.Thunder______________ 2.Friendship______________ 3.Crickets______________ 4.Yesterday______________. 17. Medicine______________ 18.Ashamed______________ 19.Saddle______________ 20.Anxious______________ Number Correct______________ Total _______ Scoring Guide for Graded Word Lists Independent Instructional Frustration 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 or less
Graded Passages Flight Older airplanes were moved through the air by the use of propellers. Now, most planes are driven by large jet engines. Some fly faster than sound. The first thing you may notice about a plane is the wings that stick out on either side of its long body. Today jet planes land and take off from major airports every few seconds. People can travel around the word in only a few hours. It often takes travelers longer to retrieve their luggage than to fly to their destination. Planes have been much improved since the Wright brothers first flew in 1903. What is this passage about? (airplanes; the development of planes through the years) What kind of engines do most airplanes have today? (jet engines) How were older planes moved through the air? (propellers) In what year did the Wright Brothers fly? (1903) How do you think the Wright Brothers felt after the first flight? Why? (any logical response) Do you think jet airplanes have changed our lives for the better? Why? (any logical response)
Summaries and Analyses GradeWord RecognitionComprehension Isolation (word Lists) Context (Passages) Oral Reading (Form A) PP SightAnalysisTotalLevelMiscuesLevelQuestions Missed Level P 1 2
Choosing Appropriate, Leveled Materials Accelerated Readers Leveled Readers Developmental Reader systems from different publishing companies
Accelerated Readers http://www.renlearn.com/ar/ 1) Student reads book 2) Student takes a quiz 3) You get information
http://www.onestopenglish.com/readers/index.htm http://www.cup.cam.ac.uk/elt/readers/ http://www.sundancepub.com/ http://www.wrightgroup.com Reader Systems
Click video The following URL links to a full quality version video clip: selectbook Selectbook video
Not all students in the same grade read at the same level
Click Video The following URL links to a full quality version video clip: reading level Reading level video
Finding Time & Space 10-20 minutes a day Quiet informal setting can go a long way
Building Classroom Library Borrow from the school library Involve parent/teacher association Deaf Community Local Service Organizations Book Fair Used Bookstores Exchange Books Budget Priorities
Encouraging Self-Monitoring Self-Evaluation Questions Self-Evaluation of Reading Form Self-Monitoring Checklist
Self-Evaluation Questions How do you feel you are doing in reading/writing What are your strengths in reading/writing? What do you enjoy the most about reading/writing What do you feel you need to do to improve your reading/writing?
Self-Evaluation Form I feel that I thoroughly understood this book I feel that I dont understood this book Why I marked this scale as I did _________________ ___________________________________________ Name ___________________ Date________ Book Read _________________________________ Mark the scale below:
Self-Monitoring Checklist THINKING ABOUT MY READING BEFORE READING, DID I * preview the text * predict DURING READING, DID I * stop and think * change predictions AFTER READING, DID I * think back about my predictions? * summarize in my head? To improve my reading, I need to: _______________________ __________________________________________________
Assessing Outcomes Retelling conference with teacher Read section to friend Book talk Writing Art project Drama Your idea Nothing…just enjoy!
Accessible Books Books on Video Big Books Books on Disk
Pre-Service Teacher Assignment You will choose a literacy skill that you have identified your student needs to practice. Develop a independent reading assessment rubric related to this objective and fill it out on the student. Identify books for student to read independently that will enhance this skill. Provide independent reading times over the period of one month with materials that focus on the students identified need. At the end of the month, fill out the assessment rubric to identify if progress has been made on the objective.
Paper Resources Schleper, D. R. SSR? DEAR? USSR? Or DIRT? No Matter What You Call It, Independent Reading Is for Everyone. Odyssey, (Fall 2002), 26-28.Odyssey, (Fall 2002) Krashen, S. D. (2004). The Power of Reading: Insights from the research. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. Pilgreen, J. L. (2000). The SSR Handbook: How to organize and manage a sustained silent reading program. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.