Presentation on theme: "Astronomy Research Networking 22 February 2002 Jim Kennedy Gemini Observatory Important Contributions by Dick Crutcher, NCSA, UIUC Tom Troyland, UKY Arun."— Presentation transcript:
Astronomy Research Networking 22 February 2002 Jim Kennedy Gemini Observatory Important Contributions by Dick Crutcher, NCSA, UIUC Tom Troyland, UKY Arun Venkataraman, NAIC Steve Grandi, NOAO Ryusuke Ogasawara, NAOJ Pacific Rim Networking Meeting
Research Objectives Understand the Universe –Its Origins –Current State –Its Destination Origins of Life in the Universe Connecting Relativity and QCD, (GUTs/TOEs) And Other Modest Goals
Research Tools and Venues Multi Color Observations, Pictures & Spectra –Radio –IR –Visible –UV –X-Rays –Cosmic Rays Earth-Based –Less expensive and maintainable, often remote Space-Based –Removes atmospheric effects, even more remote
Data Types and Analysis Pictures - 8K x 8K, 16K x 16K, and larger Wavelength Spectra - like above Temporal Spectra - from time series -------------------------------------------------- Raw Data Calibration and Reduction Image Enhancement and Reconstruction Aperture Synthesis – Passive and Radar Fourier and Spherical-Harmonic Transforms Other Sophisticated Analysis Techniques
Typical Issues Multi-Site, Multinational Coordination Geographically Diverse Communities Analysis of Large Data Sets Harsh and Remote Environments Economical Operations Effective Communication with the Public
Typical Network Approaches Videoconferencing (H.323), Telecollaboration Remote Observing, Sea Level or Remote Site Automated Observing Sequences Data Delivery to Scientists and Archives Remote Analysis of Data, Grid Processing Network-based Education and Outreach
Five Examples Gemini Observatory : Hawaii, Arizona, Chilean Andes –Two 8m, IR/O Telescopes, at 14,000 and 9,000 ft - Seven-nation Partnership –Hawaii, US Mainland, Australia, Chile, Canada Arecibo Observatory: Puerto Rico & New York –1,000 ft Radio Telescope - US National Facility –Worldwide collaborations NOAO: Arizona, New Mexico, Chilean Andes –Visible and IR nighttime and solar facilities - US National Facility –US Mainland, Hawaii, Australia, Chile, Worldwide collaborations ALMA: Chile and elsewhere –64-Antenna Radio Array at 16,400 ft in Chile - Multinational Partnership –Chile, Japan (planned), Others Subaru: Hawaii, Japan –8m, O/IR Telescope, at 14,000 –Hawaii, Japan
Caveats Each of these facilities has a great deal in common regarding their application needs, although the balance between them varies. The numbers that follow may be too conservative since. In several cases they assume some supercomputer-level on-site processing, rather than external centers or Grid processing. This assumption could prove incorrect.
Geminis Primary Research Links (Logical Topography) Gemini North Gemini South CADC Archive
Arecibo (NAIC) Video/Audio (low latency) Real-Time Remote Observing (low latency) Real-Time Analysis (e.g. pulsars and radar) Data Delivery to Observers Data Archives Remote Analysis (near-real-time and batch ) Outreach (low latency) Bandwidth Requirements TodayAverage: 10 Mbps Peak: 45 Mbps SoonAverage: 20 Mbps Peak: 200 Mbps
NOAO: KPNO, CTIO, NSO ( Each Site) Video/Audio (low latency) Real-Time Remote Observing (low latency) Data Delivery to Observers (several scopes) Data Delivery to Internet (10-min turn) Data Archives (NVO) Remote Analysis Outreach (low latency) Bandwidth Requirements TodayAverage: 10 Mbps Peak: 35 Mbps SoonAverage: 25 Mbps Peak: 60 Mbps
ALMA Video/Audio (low latency) Real-Time Remote Observing (low latency) Real-Time Time Series Reduction (on site?) Data Delivery to Observers (all are remote) Data Archives (NVO) Remote Analysis (supercomputer/Grid) Outreach (low latency) Bandwidth Requirements 2006Average: 32 Mbps Peak: 130 Mbps
NAOJ: Subaru Real-Time Remote Observing (low latency) Data Delivery to Observers (several scopes) Data Delivery to Internet (near real time) Remote Analysis Video/Audio (low latency) Outreach (low latency) Bandwidth Requirements SoonAverage: 12 Mbps Peak: 155 Mbps
Future Needs The rapid growth rate of instrument technology and sophisticated data analysis makes future bandwidth and QoS requirements difficult to predict with accuracy. We risk to underestimate them on more than a four- or five-year time scale.