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1 The New Part 226 Rules: Highlights Illinois State Board of Education.

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1 1 The New Part 226 Rules: Highlights Illinois State Board of Education

2 2 Presentation Objectives Review rule approval process Provide rationale for rule changes Highlight significant rule changes Discuss application of new rules

3 3 Why This Way? To reduce the number of state rules that duplicate Federal language To highlight areas where Illinois chose to depart from Federal guidelines To revise outdated or ineffective processes and procedures

4 4 Key Dates IDEA 2004 December 2004 Illinois Proposed Rules April 2006 Public Comment April October 2006 Final Federal Rules August 2006 ISBE Board Approval December 2006 JCAR Prohibition January 2007 ISBE Board Approval of Revised Rules June 2007 JCAR Lifting of Prohibition June 2007 Final Illinois Rules June 28, 2007

5 5 23 IAC Free Appropriate Public Education Transfer Students, Eligibility & Graduation

6 6 23 IAC Requirements for a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) (a) Transfer Students Additional requirements outlined in the rule apply only to students who transfer from another district in Illinois Out-of-state transfers are controlled by the 20 USC Section 1414(d) and 34 CFR (f)

7 7 23 IAC Requirements for a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) (a) Transfer Students When a district receives a transfer student from another Illinois district, it may: 1.Adopt the IEP of the sending district without an IEP meeting if it deems the IEP appropriate and the parents indicate…satisfaction with the IEP either orally or in writing. 2.Develop a new IEP after providing notice to the parents (no later than ten days after the students enrollment in the new district) of the date of the new IEP meeting. In the interim, the district shall implement services comparable to those in the IEP of the sending district.

8 8 23 IAC Requirements for a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) (a) Transfer Students In the absence of receiving either the students IEP from the sending district or verbal or written confirmation of the contents of the IEP from the sending district, the district may provide services it believes will meet the needs of the student until the IEP or confirmation of the IEPs contents is received from the sending district. The receiving district MUST request records from the sending district within one business day after enrollment of the student.

9 9 23 IAC Requirements for a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) If the receiving district has not received and adopted the existing IEP from the sending district within ten days after the deadline for the sending district to transfer such records under Section a of the School Code, the receiving district SHALL initiate an IEP meeting to develop a new IEP.

10 10 23 IAC Requirements for a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) c)Eligibility; Graduation or Completion of Program 1)An eligible student who requires continued public school educational experience to facilitate his or her integration into society shall be eligible for such services through age 21, inclusive (i.e., through the day before the students 22nd birthday) (see 34 CFR (a)).

11 11 Age of Eligibility: Rule of Application If the student aged-out under the old rule (i.e., the age-out occurred on or before June 27, 2007), the student is no longer eligible for services, even if the students age might allow for further eligibility under the new rule. Why is this? No retroactivity is included in the language of the regulation or the recently signed PA , which is the legislative version of the rule.

12 12 Examples of the Rule a) Student A turned 21 on October 15, 2006 and completed the school year on June 5, This student would NOT be eligible to receive further services during the school year. b) Student A turned 21 on October 15, 2006 but, by virtue of extended school year, this students school year did not end until July 10, This student would be eligible to receive services until October 14, 2007.

13 13 Graduation Requirements 23 IAC (c): 2)The provision of FAPE is not required with respect to a student with a disability who has graduated with a regular high school diploma. 3)A student with a disability who has fulfilled the minimum State graduation requirements set forth in Section of the School Code [105 ILCS 5/27-22] shall be eligible for a regular high school diploma. A) If the students individualized education program prescribes special education, transition planning, transition services, or related services beyond that point, issuance of that diploma shall be deferred so that the student will continue to be eligible for those services.

14 14 Graduation Requirements 23 IAC (c): (3)(B) If the student is to receive a regular high school diploma, at least one year prior to the anticipated date of its issuance, both the parent and the student shall receive written notification in conformance with the requirements of 34 CFR that eligibility for public school special education services ends following the granting of a diploma and that the parent (or the student, if Section of this Part applies) may request an IEP meeting to review the recommendation that the student receive a regular diploma. 4) Students who have participated in a graduation ceremony but have not been awarded regular high school diplomas continue to be eligible to receive FAPE through age 21, inclusive.

15 15 23 IAC Selected Definitions

16 16 23 IAC : Definitions Disability: IDEA identifies 13 disabilities as the basis for students eligibility for special education and related services. These disabilities (autism, deaf-blindness, deafness, emotional disability, hearing impairment, cognitive disability, multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairment, other health impairment, specific learning disability, speech or language impairment, traumatic brain injury, and visual impairment) shall be defined as set forth in 34 CFR 300.8(c). In addition, for the purposes of this Part, autism shall include, but not be limited to, any Autism Spectrum Disorder that adversely affects a childs educational performance.

17 17 23 IAC : Definitions Developmental Delay: See 34 CFR and (b). Delay in physical development, cognitive development, communication development, social or emotional development, or adaptive development (may include children from three through nine years of age).

18 18 23 IAC : Definitions Parent Incorporates language of 34 CFR and defines a parent as either: 1.A biological or adoptive parent 2.A foster parent (unless State or local law otherwise limit this authority) 3.A guardian (other than the State) authorized to act on the childs behalf 4.Individual acting in place of the biological or adoptive parent with whom the child lives 5.An individual who is legally responsible for the child 6.A surrogate parent

19 19 23 IAC : Definitions Related Services Adopts language of 34 CFR Adopts exclusionary language of that excludes surgically implanted devices like cochlear implants including optimization of the functioning of such devices Duty of a local district to monitor and maintain devices to maintain the health and safety of the child is now explicit

20 20 23 IAC Child Find & Evaluation

21 21 23 IAC Child Find Responsibility Reminder: Child find now explicitly includes parentally- placed students who attend private schools in your district (per the requirements of IDEA 2004, Section 1412)

22 22 23 IAC Evaluation Procedures Procedures for requesting and conducting initial evaluations of children who are suspected of requiring special education and related services shall conform to the requirements of 34 CFR , , , and For purposes of this Section, the date of referral discussed in Section of the School Code shall be understood to be the date of written parental consent for an evaluation, and screening procedures done in accordance with 34 CFR shall not be considered an evaluation. Consent for the initial evaluation shall be obtained in conformance with the requirements of 34 CFR In addition, the following requirements shall apply:

23 23 23 IAC (a)(3): Evaluation Procedures Within 14 school days after receiving a request for an evaluation, the district shall determine whether an evaluation is warranted. If the district determines not to conduct an evaluation, it shall provide written notice to the parents in accordance with 34 CFR (b). If an evaluation is to be conducted: a) The district shall convene a team of individuals (including the parent) having the knowledge and skills necessary to administer and interpret evaluation data. The composition of the team will vary depending upon the nature of the childs symptoms and other relevant factors.

24 24 23 IAC (a)(3): Evaluation Procedures b) The team shall identify the assessments necessary to complete the evaluation in accordance with 34 CFR and shall prepare a written notification for the parents as required under 34 CFR (a). For each domain, the notification shall either describe the needed assessments or explain why none are needed. c) The district shall ensure that the notification of the teams conclusions is transmitted to the parents within the 14-school-day timeline applicable under this subsection (c)(3), along with the districts request for the parents consent to conduct the needed assessments.

25 25 23 IAC Specific Learning Disability (SLD) Response to Scientific, Research-Based Interventions (RtI)

26 26 The Heart of the RtI Language 23 IAC (b): Provided that the requirements of this subsection (b) are met, each district shall, no later than the beginning of the school year, implement the use of a process that determines how the child responds to scientific, research- based interventions as part of the evaluation procedure described in 34 CFR When a district implements the use of a process of this type, the district shall not use any childs participation in the process as the basis for denying a parents request for an evaluation.

27 27 The Prerequisites to Mandatory RtI By January 1, 2008, ISBE must develop a plan for implementing RtI that is to be developed in consultation with stakeholder groups, including ISAC The plan must include estimated costs and resources needed to provide TA to districts, as well as a method for identifying those districts that require assistance for resources

28 28 The Prerequisites to Mandatory RtI By January 1, 2009, local districts must develop a plan for transitioning to the use of an RtI process, including identification of the resources to be used in implementing the plan NOTE: Nothing prohibits districts from implementing RtI now, though it is not yet mandatory. Remember, though, that the requirements at 34 CFR (b) do apply now.

29 29 34 CFR (b) To ensure that underachievement in a child suspected of having a specific learning disability is not due to lack of appropriate instruction in reading or math, the group must consider 1) Data that demonstrate that prior to, or as part of, the referral process the child received appropriate instruction in regular education settings from qualified personnel; and 2) Data-based documentation of repeated assessments of achievement at reasonable intervals, reflecting formal assessment of student progress during instruction, which was provided to the childs parents.

30 30 The Old Process Remains… 23 IAC (d): Districts may continue to use a severe discrepancy model when determining whether a specific learning disability exists, but beginning with the school year, must also first use an RtI process.

31 31 The IEP IEP Team IEP Content

32 32 23 IAC IEP Team The composition of the IEP Team for a particular child, and the participation, attendance, and excusal of the team members and other individuals in the IEP meeting, shall conform to the requirements of 34 CFR , , , and The additional requirements of this Section shall also apply. a) The general education teacher who serves as a member of a childs IEP Team shall be a teacher who is, or may be, responsible for implementing a portion of the IEP, so that the teacher can participate in discussions about how best to instruct the child. General Education: Term is interchangeable with regular education b) For students aged 3 through 5 who have not yet entered the primary grades, a teacher qualified to teach non-disabled preschool students

33 33 23 IAC IEP Team Excusal of Team Members may occur when: 1.The district and parent agree in writing that the members attendance is not necessary because the members area of curriculum or related services is not being modified or discussed; or 2.The district and parent agree to the excusal and the member submits written input into the IEP development process prior to the meeting (if the members area is being discussed or modified) (34 CFR (e))

34 34 23 IAC IEP Team By reference to 34 CFR , amendments to the IEP may be made outside the IEP meeting process if done in writing with the agreement of the parent and the district. The writing must define the changes to be made to the IEP. Members of the IEP team must be informed of those changes.

35 35 Section : Content of the IEP a)Each IEP shall include: Present Levels of Educational Performance must include statements of academic and functional performance (34 CFR )

36 36 P.A : Additional IEP Procedures for Students with Autism Amends of the School Code to require specific factors to be considered by the IEP team when addressing the needs of students whose exceptionalities fall within the autism spectrum according to the DSM- IV

37 37 P.A : Additional IEP Procedures for Students with Autism Factors to be considered: Verbal and non-verbal communication needs Need to develop social interaction skills & proficiencies Needs resulting from unusual responses to sensory experiences Needs resulting from resistance to environmental changes, changes in daily routines or engagement in repetitive activities & stereotyped movements Need for positive behavioral interventions, supports and strategies to address any behavioral difficulties arising from autism spectrum disorder Other needs resulting from the condition that impact on progress in the general curriculum

38 38 Section : Content of the IEP c) Post-Secondary Transition Beginning not later than the first IEP to be in effect when the child turns 14 1/2, and updated annually thereafter, the IEP shall include: 1) appropriate, measurable, postsecondary goals based upon age- appropriate assessments related to employment, education or training, and, as needed, independent living; 2) the transition services that are needed to assist the child in reaching those goals, including courses of study and any other needed services to be provided by entities other than the school district; and 3) any additional requirements set forth in Section of the School Code [105 ILCS 5/ ].

39 39 Procedural Safeguards Transfer of Rights Consent Mediation Complaints Due Process

40 40 P.A : Transfer of Rights Adds a new Section to the School Code Facilitates the ability of students 18 and older to appoint another person to represent their educational interests Prescribes language that students may use to appoint an educational representative Creates an alternative to guardianship process in Illinois

41 41 Section : Consent Consent is required when: 1.Accessing Medicaid, other public benefits or private insurance (34 CFR ) 2.Initial evaluations (34 CFR ) 3.Re-evaluations (34 CFR ) 4.Initial provision of services (34 CFR ) 5.Release of information to individuals or agency outside of the district (34 CFR )

42 42 Section : Consent Revocation of consent may be oral or written (if oral, district must memorialize in writing within 5 days) If consent is revoked: The revocation has immediate effect The action for which consent was provided must be terminated immediately In the case of a placement, the district may request due process to stay the placement and to challenge the revocation, but must do so within 5 business days after the parents revocation occurred

43 43 Section : Mediation Agreements are now enforceable in a State or Federal court (34 CFR ) Mediators may not be an employee of the SEA or LEA, or have a personal or professional interest that conflicts with the mediators objectivity in the case (34 CFR )

44 44 Section : State Complaints Principal Changes: One-year statute of limitations for filing a complaint (34 CFR (c)) The party filing the complaint must also forward a copy of the complaint to the LEA against whom the complaint was filed (34 CFR (d)) The parties must be afforded the opportunity to mediate their dispute to resolve the issues (34 CFR (a))

45 45 Section et seq.: Due Process Principal Changes: Two-year statute of limitations Prehearing procedures Dismissal for lack of sufficiency Written responses Resolution process Longer timelines for expedited hearings (20 school days for hearing, 10 school days for decision)

46 46 Class Size General Education Special Education

47 47 Section & 731: Class Size GENERAL EDUCATION CLASS When a students IEP calls for services in a general education classroom, the student must be served in a class that is composed of students of whom at least 70 percent are without IEPs, that utilizes the general curriculum, that is taught by an instructor certified for general education, and that is not designated as a general remedial classroom. THIS REMAINS THE SAME…


49 49 Whats the Difference? Class Size: The number of students in a special education classroom during any class period Case (Work) Load: The number of students for which a special educator is responsible

50 50 Section : Class Size Provisions for and In the Special Education Setting: b)A student shall be considered to require instructional classes when he or she receives special education instruction for 50 percent of the school day or more. Classes for such students shall be subject to the limitations of this subsection (b). c)A student shall be considered to require resource classes when he or she receives special education instruction for less than 50 percent of the school day. Classes for such students shall be subject to the limitations of this subsection (c). THIS ALSO REMAINS THE SAME…

51 51 Special Education Class Sizes through Disability CategoryLimit Unique w/Aide Circumstances INSTRUCTIONAL CLASSES: Early Childhood (All Disabilities) Multiple Disabilities Severe/Profound Disability Traumatic Brain Injury Severe Visual Impairment Severe Hearing Impairment Severe Physical Impairment Severe Speech/Language Impairment Severe Behavior Disorders Learning Disabilities Cross Categorical Moderate Visual Impairment Moderate Hearing Impairment Mild or Moderate Mental Impairment: Primary, ages Intermediate, jr, sr. high) RESOURCE CLASSES – Any Category

52 52 23 IAC : Special Education Class Sizes for and Beyond Class size means the total number of students an educator serves during any special education class. As used in this subsection (b), class means any circumstance where only students with IEPs are served and at least one special education teacher is assigned and provides instruction and/or therapy exclusively to students with IEPs. In the formation of special education classes, consideration shall be given to the age of the students, the nature and severity of their disabilities, the educational needs of the students, and the degree of intervention necessary, subject to the limitations of this subsection (b).

53 53 23 IAC : Special Education Class Sizes for and Beyond Removal from General Ed limit total w/ aide 0-20% % % % % % 8 13 Ages Ages

54 54 Work Load for Special Educators

55 55 Case Load Work Load

56 56 Whats the Difference? Caseload: A head count – the number of students with an IEP for which a special educator is responsible Does not take into consideration: the type instruction required, the amount of consultation with others required, the amount of IEP meetings required

57 57 23 IAC Work Load for Special Educators LEAs must adopt a plan specifying limits on the work load of its special educators Plans must be developed with the LEAs affected employees and, where there is an exclusive representative, in accordance with the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Act (IELRA). Plans must take effect by the school year, unless a later date is necessary to comply with an agreement under the IELRA in effect at the beginning of that school year

58 58 23 IAC Work Load for Special Educators Plan must be based on analysis of the activities for which special education staff are responsible, including, but not limited to: 1.individualized instruction, 2.consultative services and other collaboration among staff members, 3.attendance at IEP meetings and other staff conferences, and 4.paperwork and reporting. Caseload for speech-language pathologists remains the same – no more than 60 students

59 59 Resources (state special education regulations) an / df/ pdf (IDEA 2004 final regulations) an / df/ pdf (access to mandated Notice & Consent Forms & Instructions and recommended IEP Forms & Instructions)

60 60 Questions? ISBE Special Education Services, Springfield,

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