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AM Slide #1Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 NanoConnection to Society NANOTECHNOLOGY IN SOCIETY PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS MEETING.

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Presentation on theme: "AM Slide #1Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 NanoConnection to Society NANOTECHNOLOGY IN SOCIETY PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS MEETING."— Presentation transcript:

1 AM Slide #1Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 NanoConnection to Society NANOTECHNOLOGY IN SOCIETY PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS MEETING FEBRUARY 8, 2006 · ARLINGTON, VA · NSF ROOM II-595 Lead Institution: Harvard University Co-Directors: Richard Freeman (Harvard) Lynne Zucker (UCLA) In Attendance:Lynne Zucker (UCLA) Sharon Friedman (Lehigh) Vivian Weil (IIT) Mark Wiesner (Rice/Duke) Wei-xian Zhang (Lehigh) Morning Session: Research & Research Related Activities

2 AM Slide #2Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Research & Research Related Activities Major research foci Pilot development of NanoEthicsBank Pilot development of NanoEnvironBank Patent flow and distribution Design and validation of NanoIndicator series NanoConnection.net design Conclusions

3 AM Slide #3Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Research & Research Related Activities Major research foci Pilot development of NanoEthicsBank Pilot development of NanoEnvironBank Patent flow and distribution Design and validation of NanoIndicator series NanoConnection.net design Conclusions

4 AM Slide #4Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Intellectual Foci: Research Activities Generate quality nano info -> open to all –Pilot NanoEthicsBank: ethical standards; regulations –Pilot NanoEnvironbank: impacts, known now & predicted –NanoConnection goal: fully google indexed Pilot NanoIndicators -> over time, comparative Validate indicators: predictive ability –Media & public: Nano risk perception, expectations –Nano labor supply & demand –Nano spillovers: nano to stem cells example

5 AM Slide #5Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Research & Research Related Activities Major research foci Pilot development of NanoEthicsBank Pilot development of NanoEnvironBank Patent flow and distribution Design and validation of NanoIndicator series NanoConnection.net design Conclusions

6 AM Slide #6Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 NanoEthics Bank Intellectual Foci Normative materials: Policies & codes –Multidisiciplinarity; responsible practices –NanoIndicators: When, why (triggers), # nano Regulatory documents –NanoIndicators: counts, chronology Ethics & nano activities tracked & documented –Public forums, ethnographic study - nano enterprises Investigative reports of harmful nano effects

7 AM Slide #7Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 NanoEthicsBank: Expected Value Track emerging ethical issues –Flood of materials in last 5 months –Help firms adopt standards of care with public input Screen materials, e.g. through formal panel Identify ethics content, resources, groups –Facilitate communication across boundaries –Education materials: analysis of ethics in nano Public involvement & influence -> success of nano

8 AM Slide #8Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Research & Research Related Activities Research foci Pilot development of NanoEthicsBank Pilot development of NanoEnvironBank Patent flow and distribution Design and validation of NanoIndicator series NanoConnection.net design Conclusions

9 AM Slide #9Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 On-going effort to date: Risk assessment of nanomaterials fabrication risk assessmentpublic perceptioncommercialization

10 AM Slide #10Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Next Steps Risk identification & assessment -> insurance model Identify critical industries & uses –Support life cycle assessment (LCA) –Risks in workplace Market assessment: potential impact –Selected nanomaterials industries Interface: public perception of risk & attitudes –Location of nanomaterials fabrication facilities –Using nanomaterial-derived products

11 AM Slide #11Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Research & Research Related Activities Major research foci Pilot development of NanoEthicsBank Pilot development of NanoEnvironBank Patent Flow and Distribution Design and validation of NanoIndicator series NanoConnection.net design Conclusions

12 AM Slide #12Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Nanotech Patent Quality & Scope Examiner and applicant inserted prior art cited in nano patents –Linked to patent quality in previous research (Sampat 2005) –Hard to identify prior art in nanotech vis-à-vis other fields (USPTO) –Effects of new nanotechnology patent class (Class 977) Nano: more claim changes in prosecution? –Narrower patent scope (via the doctrine of equivalents – Festo) Patent-based NanoIndicators – being developed Also: Georgia Tech Patent Working Group –Arizona State/Harvard CNS collaboration discussed in pm powerpoint

13 AM Slide #13Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Research & Research Related Activities Major research foci Pilot development of NanoEthicsBank Pilot development of NanoEnvironBank Patent Flow and Distribution Design and validation of NanoIndicator series NanoConnection.net design Conclusions

14 AM Slide #14Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Nano: Media and Public Perception Nano-risk: Next figure shows number of articles US&UK –Oversight issue in minority of articles Under 40% new/tighten regulation; under 16% side effects like asbestos Second figure shows number of publications on nano –Commercial representations grow; alternative/futuristic decline Societal perceptions of nanotech, 4 surveys (S. Currall) –Moderate in societal benefits & risks (closest to stem cells out of 43 others including biotech, GMO); more weight on benefits than risks sample size over 5K across web and telephone –When FDA approved, more likely to use medical nano product 1. From: U.S. and U.K. Media Coverage of Nanotechnologys Environmental and Health Risks, Sharon M. Friedman and Brenda P. Egolf, December 2005. © Sharon M. Friedman; 2. © Stine Grodal 2006

15 AM Slide #15Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Number of risk articles in U.S. and U.K. newspapers and wire services every six months from 2000-2004 From: U.S. and U.K. Media Coverage of Nanotechnologys Environmental and Health Risks, Sharon M. Friedman and Brenda P. Egolf, December 2005.© Sharon M. Friedman

16 AM Slide #16Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Nanoindicators in Text The graph shows the development in the use of commercial and alternative/futuristic words in nanotechnology related articles in the Top 50 US Newspapers over the last 20 years. © Stine Grodal 2006, Stanford University

17 AM Slide #17Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Nano Labor Supply; Nano Spillovers Indicator of labor supply of S & E with nano-orientation –Nano courses at nano-active (NNIN) universities – next figure –To do: measure of NSFs affect on pipeline Compare offered courses at NNIN institutes vs. schools with less nano-funding Nano spillovers to other science areas –Second Figure shows example of spillover: nano & stem cells Roughly a fifth of stem cell patents also nanotech patents Danger in these analyses –Hype: courses described as nano, patents containing nano- relevant terms, but with varying content –Still on rise of sigmoid curve for recognition of what is nano.

18 AM Slide #18Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Growing use of nano by Instructors Number of course descriptions containing nano at Institutions with NNIN Facilities * 2006 refers to 2005-2006 course catalog, etc.; Freeman, Stephan, Chang 2006 NNIN Institutions 1.Cornell 2.Stanford 3.GaTech 4.U. Washington 5.U. Michigan 6.U. Minnesota 7.Penn State U. 8.UCSB 9.U. Texas Austin 10.U. New Mexico 11.Harvard 12.Howard U. 13.NCSU

19 AM Slide #19Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006

20 AM Slide #20Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Research & Research Related Activities Major research foci Pilot development of NanoEthicsBank Pilot development of NanoEnvironBank Patent flow and distribution Design and validation of NanoIndicator series NanoConnection.net design Conclusions

21 AM Slide #21Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 NanoConnection.net

22 AM Slide #22Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Research & Research Related Activities Major research foci Pilot development of NanoEthicsBank Pilot development of NanoEnvironBank Patent flow and distribution Design and validation of NanoIndicator series NanoConnection.net design Conclusions

23 AM Slide #23Nanotechnology in Society Principal Investigators Meeting 2006 Conclusions Generate quality nano info -> open to all –Pilot NanoEthicsBank: ethical standards; regulations –Pilot NanoEnvironbank: impacts, known now & predicted –NanoConnection goal: fully google indexed Pilot NanoIndicators -> unfolding stability/change in nano Validate indicators: predictive ability –Media & public: Amount/change in nano risk perception, use? –Nano labor supply & demand; NSF funding effects? –Nano spillovers: nano to stem cells; other spillovers? Danger in analyses –Still on rise of sigmoid curve for recognition of what is nano


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