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S S E E E E TATEMENTS of CIENCE and CRIPTURE TATEMENTS of CIENCE and CRIPTURE XHIBITED XAMINED XPLAINED XHIBITED XAMINED XPLAINED DUCATIONAL DIFYING VANGELICAL.

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Presentation on theme: "S S E E E E TATEMENTS of CIENCE and CRIPTURE TATEMENTS of CIENCE and CRIPTURE XHIBITED XAMINED XPLAINED XHIBITED XAMINED XPLAINED DUCATIONAL DIFYING VANGELICAL."— Presentation transcript:

1 S S E E E E TATEMENTS of CIENCE and CRIPTURE TATEMENTS of CIENCE and CRIPTURE XHIBITED XAMINED XPLAINED XHIBITED XAMINED XPLAINED DUCATIONAL DIFYING VANGELICAL DUCATIONAL DIFYING VANGELICAL Presented by Dr Thomas J Kindell Founder & President of Reasons for Faith Ministries, Inc. Presented by Dr Thomas J Kindell Founder & President of Reasons for Faith Ministries, Inc. Be ready to give an answer to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is within you I Peter 3:15

2 DESIGN IN NATURE A STUDY OF THE BIRDS

3 Biology is the study of complicated things that give the appearance of having been designed for a purpose. Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker, W. W. Norton & Co., New York, 1987, p. 1 Biology is the study of complicated things that give the appearance of having been designed for a purpose. Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker, W. W. Norton & Co., New York, 1987, p. 1

4 We have seen that living things are too improbable and too beautifully designed to have come into existence by chance. Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker, W. W. Norton & Co., New York, p. 43 We have seen that living things are too improbable and too beautifully designed to have come into existence by chance. Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker, W. W. Norton & Co., New York, p. 43

5 DESIGNED BY THE BLIND WATCHMAKER? DESIGNED BY THE BLIND WATCHMAKER? Evolutions watchmaker is both blind and brainless.

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7 The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dogs. The duick brown aox jumped over the lazf eogs. The duick brosn aox iumped over the lazf eogs.

8 An accident, a random change, in any delicate mechanism can hardly be expected to improve it. Poking a stick into the machinery of ones watch or ones radio set will seldom make it work better. Theodosius Dobzhansky, Heredity and the Nature of Man, p. 105 An accident, a random change, in any delicate mechanism can hardly be expected to improve it. Poking a stick into the machinery of ones watch or ones radio set will seldom make it work better. Theodosius Dobzhansky, Heredity and the Nature of Man, p. 105

9 THE NATURAL SELECTION DECEPTION Natural selection has no power to create new and better biological information. Rather, it is wholly at the mercy of random, destructive mutations to provide the necessary new information. Since random mutations cannot produce the needed results, natural selection is left helpless with nothing to select.

10 HAS THE THEORY OF BIRD EVOLUTION LAID AN EGG? HAS THE THEORY OF BIRD EVOLUTION LAID AN EGG?

11 PANDORAS BOX?

12 The evolution of the amniotic egg is baffling. It was this decisive innovation which permitted for the first time genuinely terrestrial vertebrate life, freeing it from the necessity of embryological development in an aquatic environment… PANDORAS EGG ?

13 …Altogether at least eight quite different innovations were combined to make the amniotic revolution possible: [1] the formation of a tough impervious shell; [2] the formation of the gelatinous egg white (albumen) and the secretion of a special acid to yield its water; [3] the excretion of nitrogenous waste in the form of water soluble uric acid, [4] the formation of the amniotic cavity in which the embryo floats… …Altogether at least eight quite different innovations were combined to make the amniotic revolution possible: [1] the formation of a tough impervious shell; [2] the formation of the gelatinous egg white (albumen) and the secretion of a special acid to yield its water; [3] the excretion of nitrogenous waste in the form of water soluble uric acid, [4] the formation of the amniotic cavity in which the embryo floats…

14 …(This is surrounded by the amniotic membrane which formed by an outgrowth of mesodermal tissue. Neither the amniotic cavity nor the membrane which surrounds it has any homologue in any amphibian); [5] the formation of the allantois from the future floor of the hind gut as a container for waste products and later to serve the function of a respiratory organ;…

15 [6]…the development of a tooth or carbuncle which the developed embryo can utilize to break out of the egg; [7] a quantity of yolk sufficient for the needs of the embryo till hatching; [8] changes in the urogenital system of the female permitting fertilization of the egg before the hardening of the shell. Dr. Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis, pp. 218-219 [6]…the development of a tooth or carbuncle which the developed embryo can utilize to break out of the egg; [7] a quantity of yolk sufficient for the needs of the embryo till hatching; [8] changes in the urogenital system of the female permitting fertilization of the egg before the hardening of the shell. Dr. Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis, pp. 218-219

16 THE FEATHER THAT BROKE THE THEORYS BACK

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18 shaft barb hooks barbules

19 It is not easy to see how an impervious reptile scale could be converted gradually into an impervious feather without passing through a frayed scale intermediate which would be weak, easily deformed and still quite permeable to air. It is true that basically a feather is....a mass of keratin filaments - but the filaments are not a random tangle but are ordered in an amazingly complex way to achieve the tightly intertwined structure of the feather. Take away the exquisite coadaptation of the components,

20 take away the coarrangement of the barbs on the shaft and all that is left is a soft pliable structure utterly unsuitable to form the basis of a stiff impervious aerofoil. The stiff impervious property of the feather which makes it so beautiful an adaptation for flight, depends basically on such a highly involved and unique system of coadapted components that it seems impossible that any transitional feather-like structure could possess even to a slight degree the crucial properties. Dr. Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis, p. 209 take away the coarrangement of the barbs on the shaft and all that is left is a soft pliable structure utterly unsuitable to form the basis of a stiff impervious aerofoil. The stiff impervious property of the feather which makes it so beautiful an adaptation for flight, depends basically on such a highly involved and unique system of coadapted components that it seems impossible that any transitional feather-like structure could possess even to a slight degree the crucial properties. Dr. Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis, p. 209

21 I remember well the time when the thought of the eye made me cold all over, but I have got over this stage of the complaint, and now small trifling particulars of structure often make me very uncomfortable. The sight of a feather in a peacocks tail, whenever I gaze at it, makes me sick. The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin 296 (F. Darwin ed. 1887) I remember well the time when the thought of the eye made me cold all over, but I have got over this stage of the complaint, and now small trifling particulars of structure often make me very uncomfortable. The sight of a feather in a peacocks tail, whenever I gaze at it, makes me sick. The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin 296 (F. Darwin ed. 1887)

22 SPECIAL FEET SPECIAL FEET UNIQUELY DURABLE BEAK SPECIALIZED ROBUST SKULL SHOCK ABSORBER EXCEPTIONAL NECK MUSCLES UNUSUAL TAIL FEATHERS

23 Up to 1000 Gs of force occurring hundreds of times per minute!

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28 One prominent evolutionist on the editorial staff of a prestigious scientific magazine confided to the author after examining the [woodpeckers] skull, There are certain anatomical features which just cannot be explained by gradual mutations over millions of years. Just between you and me, I have to get God into the act too sometimes. Luther D. Sutherland, Miraculous Design Features in Woodpeckers, Creation Research Society Quarterly, 12:183, 1976 One prominent evolutionist on the editorial staff of a prestigious scientific magazine confided to the author after examining the [woodpeckers] skull, There are certain anatomical features which just cannot be explained by gradual mutations over millions of years. Just between you and me, I have to get God into the act too sometimes. Luther D. Sutherland, Miraculous Design Features in Woodpeckers, Creation Research Society Quarterly, 12:183, 1976

29 Survival value or specifically ordained job?

30 A BREATHTAKING PROPOSAL

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33 In all other vertebrates the air is drawn into the lungs through a system of branching tubes which finally terminate in tiny air sacs, or alveoli, so that during respiration the air is moved in and out through the same passage. In the case of birds, however, the major bronchi break down into tiny tubes which permeate the lung tissue…

34 …These so-called parabronchi eventually join up together again, forming a true circulatory system so that air flows in one direction through the lungs. This unidirectional flow of air is maintained during both inspiration and expiration by a complex system of interconnected air sacs in the bird's body…

35 …which expand and contract in such a way so as to ensure a continuous delivery of air through the parabronchi. The existence of this air sac system in turn has necessitated a highly specialized and unique division of the body cavity of the bird into several compressible compartments…

36 …the structure of the lung in birds and the overall functioning of the respiratory system is quite unique. No lung in any other vertebrate species is known which in any way approaches the avian system. Moreover, it is identical in all essential details in birds as diverse as humming birds, ostriches and hawks. Dr. Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis, pp. 210-211 …the structure of the lung in birds and the overall functioning of the respiratory system is quite unique. No lung in any other vertebrate species is known which in any way approaches the avian system. Moreover, it is identical in all essential details in birds as diverse as humming birds, ostriches and hawks. Dr. Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis, pp. 210-211

37 INSIDE THE BIRD LUNG (Diagramatic) Airflow Bloodflow Lung Rear air sacs Front air sacs (Parts are inside the birds hollow bones.)

38 In attempting to explain how such an intricate and highly specialized system of correlated adaptations could have been achieved gradually through perfectly functional intermediates, one is faced with the problem of the feather magnified a thousand times. The suspicion inevitably arises that perhaps no functional intermediate exists between the dead-end and continuous through- put types of lung.

39 The fact that the design of the avian respiratory system is essentially invariant in all birds merely increases one's suspicion that no fundamental variation of the system is compatible with the preservation of respiratory function. One is irresistibly reminded of Cuvier's view that the great divisions of nature are grounded in necessity and that intermediates cannot exist because such forms are incoherent and non-functional. Dr. Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis, p. 212 The fact that the design of the avian respiratory system is essentially invariant in all birds merely increases one's suspicion that no fundamental variation of the system is compatible with the preservation of respiratory function. One is irresistibly reminded of Cuvier's view that the great divisions of nature are grounded in necessity and that intermediates cannot exist because such forms are incoherent and non-functional. Dr. Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis, p. 212

40 BIRD MIGRATION: A NAVIGATIONAL NIGHTMARE FOR EVOLUTION BIRD MIGRATION: A NAVIGATIONAL NIGHTMARE FOR EVOLUTION

41 Lesser White Throated Warbler

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43 Manx Shearwater

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45 Black Poll Warbler

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47 20,000 feet Waits for cold front High altitude cross wind

48 Long Tailed Cuckoo

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50 23% less energy required

51 WHAT ARE THE SECRETS OF MIGRATING BIRDS NAVIGATION CAPABILITIES?

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54 How well could you navigate?

55 PREPROGRAMMED PRECISION NAVIGATION

56 BY RANDOM MUTATIONS OR DIVINE DESIGN?

57 RECOGNIZING DESIGN: A DOUBLE STANDARD? RECOGNIZING DESIGN: A DOUBLE STANDARD? 1. Which is more complex? 2. Which is more capable? 3. Which was designed and which happened by chance? 3. Which was designed and which happened by chance?

58 DARWINS CONFESSION If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous successive slight modifications, my theory would absolutely breakdown! Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous successive slight modifications, my theory would absolutely breakdown! Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species

59 DARWINS CONFESSION CONCERNING INSTINCTS Many instincts are so wonderful that their development will probably appear to the reader a difficulty sufficient to overthrow my whole theory. Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species Many instincts are so wonderful that their development will probably appear to the reader a difficulty sufficient to overthrow my whole theory. Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species

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61 For ever since the creation of the world His invisible nature and attributes, that is, His eternal power and divinity have been made intelligible and clearly discernible in and through the things that have been made – His handiworks. So [men] are without excuse – altogether without any defense or justification. Romans 1:20 Amplified For ever since the creation of the world His invisible nature and attributes, that is, His eternal power and divinity have been made intelligible and clearly discernible in and through the things that have been made – His handiworks. So [men] are without excuse – altogether without any defense or justification. Romans 1:20 Amplified

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